• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Should Human Clong Be Allowed?

Extracts from this document...


"Should human cloning be allowed?" The question of whether human cloning should be allowed is frequently argued by scientists because some have the view that overall it can benefit mankind. However others believe that it is too dangerous to test on humans. This report will outline the advantages and disadvantages of cloning and show religious and ethical views on this topic. Many people are under the misconception that cloning is innovative technology, however cloning of reptiles such as frogs and toads have been taking place from the early 1970's. Consequently on 5th July 1996 Dolly the sheep was born; she was the first mammalian clone produced by somatic tissue. Dolly was genetically modified to produce therapeutic proteins in her milk. Her birth was very controversial because it was announced a year after her birth on 23rd February 1997. Unfortunately after 6 years Dolly was "put down" because of a severe lung disease which she had been suffering with for 2 years and had died in February 2003. Professor Ian Wilmut of the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh stated after Dolly's death that "animal cloning is inefficient in all species. Expect the same outcome in humans as in other species: late abortion, dead children and surviving but abnormal children." ...read more.


* Objectification of the clone by the parent whereby the parent chooses desirable traits for their child in order that the child serves them. * The concept of eugenics which leads into the previous point. * They feel that the funds given to this research would be better spent on the "common good". This is the lives of the people who are already alive i.e. those in poverty. Theologians have a similar view to ethicists but some have very strict beliefs on this topic: * Roman Catholics - they believe that any form of cloning should be illegal because of their belief in the creation story and the "sanctity of life". They fear that clones will be rejected; therefore they hold the view that "every possible act of human cloning is intrinsically evil". * Protestants - they believe that it can be ethically justified in cases of infertile people but they believe that a traditional "natural" upbringing is more important. However they have strict rules on eugenics because they believe that choosing a child's heredity is unjust because it makes them a "project" * Jewish - they believe that human dignity and sanctity isn't enough to hinder medical progress. ...read more.


Another problem which challenges ethicists is the idea of eugenics. The literal meaning of eugenics is "a science that deals with the improvement of hereditary qualities of a race or a breed". Many people believe that a world like this will exist where cloning will start a trend where parents pick desirable traits for their children. This would begin a transgenic era where people will be "super human". This will be done by means of genetic intervention. In effect I believe that cloning can have many advantages to an extent but human cloning shouldn't be allowed because the sacrifices required are too great. I think that scientists would find it difficult to draw the line between therapeutic and enhancement cloning. Therapeutic cloning brings many benefits but I believe it has too many infringements on nature. Also a world of eugenics would cause a lot of genetic discrimination. The National Bioethics Advisory Committee stated that "while using animals to understand the biological processes that produced Dolly hold great promise for future medical advances there is no current justification for attempting to produce a human child at this time with this technique." The real question of whether human cloning should be allowed resides in the question, what is more important, the physical and psychological welfare of the child or personal autonomy and freedom of inquiry? ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 By Fryer ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Biology Revision notes - Human Biology

    5 star(s)

    down brain and nerve activity Temazepam, Alcohol, Solvents People who want to stop taking drugs may need rehabilitation. This can involve going to a special clinic. The staff help support the patients and stop them from taking drugs they are addicted to.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The Advantages and Disadvatages of Designer Babies

    3 star(s)

    their will always be some sort backlash from either religious point of view, scientific or perhaps even from the media. In my opinion, the complete designer baby case is not right I strongly believe that children are not a commodity, neither are they a right.

  1. Peer reviewed

    What is DNA?

    5 star(s)

    divides for the first time, it is the chromosomes and not the chromatids, which are separated . This results in only half the total number of chromosomes going to each daughter cell. As shown below, the diploid number of four chromosomes is being reduced to two chromosomes prior to the first cell division.

  2. Should the cloning of humans be allowed?

    As figure 1 on the next page shows, recombinant DNA cloning works by a DNA fragment containing a gene of interest being isolated from chromosomal DNA using restriction enzymes which cut DNA at sites called palindromes (DNA sequences which read the same backwards and forwards4).

  1. Stem Cell Research

    As shown on the diagram below, they are derived from the blastocyst; an early staged embryo that is 4-5 days old and consists of approximately 100 cells17. Embryonic stem cells are pluripotent, meaning they have the ability to become any one of the 220 types of cells in the human

  2. Therapuetic cloning case study

    Therapeutic cloning can lead to a medical breakthrough in animals' not just humans and puts use to stems cells rather than wasting them and making stem cells insufficient. These are the benefits of stem cells from the website www.sma.org: (2)

  1. The Biological and Psychological Impact of Smoking Cigarettes

    Cancer is a malignant neoplastic disease. It can be defined as any malignant growth or tumour caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division. It may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood system (3).

  2. Is cloning ethical?

    dipped in grease, are placed over an individual colony and a small amount of trypsin is added. Cloned cells are collected from inside the ring and transferred to a new vessel for further growth. 1, 2 Cellular cloning using rings http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloning Pg5 Organism cloning & Somatic cell nuclear transfer Organism

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work