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Should Human Clong Be Allowed?

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Introduction

"Should human cloning be allowed?" The question of whether human cloning should be allowed is frequently argued by scientists because some have the view that overall it can benefit mankind. However others believe that it is too dangerous to test on humans. This report will outline the advantages and disadvantages of cloning and show religious and ethical views on this topic. Many people are under the misconception that cloning is innovative technology, however cloning of reptiles such as frogs and toads have been taking place from the early 1970's. Consequently on 5th July 1996 Dolly the sheep was born; she was the first mammalian clone produced by somatic tissue. Dolly was genetically modified to produce therapeutic proteins in her milk. Her birth was very controversial because it was announced a year after her birth on 23rd February 1997. Unfortunately after 6 years Dolly was "put down" because of a severe lung disease which she had been suffering with for 2 years and had died in February 2003. Professor Ian Wilmut of the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh stated after Dolly's death that "animal cloning is inefficient in all species. Expect the same outcome in humans as in other species: late abortion, dead children and surviving but abnormal children." ...read more.

Middle

* Objectification of the clone by the parent whereby the parent chooses desirable traits for their child in order that the child serves them. * The concept of eugenics which leads into the previous point. * They feel that the funds given to this research would be better spent on the "common good". This is the lives of the people who are already alive i.e. those in poverty. Theologians have a similar view to ethicists but some have very strict beliefs on this topic: * Roman Catholics - they believe that any form of cloning should be illegal because of their belief in the creation story and the "sanctity of life". They fear that clones will be rejected; therefore they hold the view that "every possible act of human cloning is intrinsically evil". * Protestants - they believe that it can be ethically justified in cases of infertile people but they believe that a traditional "natural" upbringing is more important. However they have strict rules on eugenics because they believe that choosing a child's heredity is unjust because it makes them a "project" * Jewish - they believe that human dignity and sanctity isn't enough to hinder medical progress. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another problem which challenges ethicists is the idea of eugenics. The literal meaning of eugenics is "a science that deals with the improvement of hereditary qualities of a race or a breed". Many people believe that a world like this will exist where cloning will start a trend where parents pick desirable traits for their children. This would begin a transgenic era where people will be "super human". This will be done by means of genetic intervention. In effect I believe that cloning can have many advantages to an extent but human cloning shouldn't be allowed because the sacrifices required are too great. I think that scientists would find it difficult to draw the line between therapeutic and enhancement cloning. Therapeutic cloning brings many benefits but I believe it has too many infringements on nature. Also a world of eugenics would cause a lot of genetic discrimination. The National Bioethics Advisory Committee stated that "while using animals to understand the biological processes that produced Dolly hold great promise for future medical advances there is no current justification for attempting to produce a human child at this time with this technique." The real question of whether human cloning should be allowed resides in the question, what is more important, the physical and psychological welfare of the child or personal autonomy and freedom of inquiry? ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 By Fryer ...read more.

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