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Should human cloning be allowed?

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Introduction

Should human cloning be allowed? By Samia Rashid Mr Whitlock Contents: What is cloning? ..............................................................page 3 The history of cloning.............................................page 4 Human cloning......................................................page 5-7 Ethics ..................................................................page 8-9 Arguments- For human cloning.................................................page 10 Against human cloning...........................................page 11 Conclusions...........................................................page 12 Bibliography.........................................................page 12 What is cloning? : Cloning is when one gene is an exact copy of another, so every single bit of DNA between the two genes is exactly the same. Although it doesn't look like it, there are human clones around us everywhere, twins. There are two types of cloning: artificial embryo twinning and somatic cell nuclear transfer. Artificial embryo twinning copies the natural process of natural twins. In nature, twins are produced just after fertilization of an egg cell by a sperm cell. In some cases, when the fertilized egg, a zygote, tries to divide into a two-celled embryo, the two cells separate. Each cell continues dividing by itself, ultimately developing into a separate individual within the womb. Since the two cells came from the same zygote, the individuals are genetically identical. However the artificial way of embryo twinning uses a Petri dish instead of a mother's womb. A very early embryo is manually separated into individual cells and then allowing each cell to divide and develop on its own. The embryos are then placed in the surrogate mother and carried until they are ready to be delivered. ...read more.

Middle

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/units/stemcells/sccreate/ (26/4/08) It is hoped in the future that therapeutic cloning can help cure diseases such as Parkinson's. This diagram shows how therapeutic cloning is done - Ethics and Religion Cloning humans is seen by some members of the public ethically wrong even if it could help someone. Many people think that we are playing the role of God by creating the same human from another human being. Babies should be natural not artificial. However, people often debate on whether in some situations to allow human cloning. For example, a couple have been trying to have a baby for many years and finally the wife gets pregnant, however the baby was still born. With the grief of expecting a child and then not having one is devastating. With the still born they can still get enough DNA to try and clone the baby. Is this still playing the role of God or is this just benefiting humans. Infertile couples could have biologically related children. For years, couples everywhere have been facing problems of infertility, meaning they are unable to reproduce. Many of these unfortunate couples still want children, so they settle for adoption. The problem with that is that the kids are not actually blood related, and this leaves an empty hole in so many people's lives. With cloning, these couples could finally have children with their genes. ...read more.

Conclusion

* 'Perfect' human clones can be made. * A member of a family who was tragically taken away from them can be cloned. * Therapeutic cloning can help people with diseases. * Major diseases such as HIV can be cured in some way. * Medical advantages can be reached from human cloning. Against Human Cloning * Ethically wrong, 'playing the role of God'. * The technique used right now to clone babies is very risky and it is likely the baby will be abnormal. * Knowing that humans can be cloned it is liable that people will abuse the technology is available. * Human cloning is very expensive and time consuming. * People who do not agree with it will debate and protest, causing conflict. * Killing an embryo is seen as morally wrong. * Expectations of human clones are high, if they are not reached it could distress the people who need the clone. * Human rights have a large part to play, embryos are seen as humans. Conclusion In conclusion, my case study has shown that human cloning is beneficial if used in the right manner however people's beliefs have to be taken in to hand. My opinion is that stem cell cloning, therapeutic cloning and organ cloning is as far as it should go. Humans as a whole should not be cloned, as it is not ethical. If human cloning is legalised, more people will abuse that power, so I think it would be sensible to just leave it at therapeutic cloning. ...read more.

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