• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14
  15. 15
    15
  16. 16
    16
  17. 17
    17
  18. 18
    18
  19. 19
    19
  20. 20
    20
  21. 21
    21
  22. 22
    22
  23. 23
    23
  24. 24
    24
  25. 25
    25
  26. 26
    26
  27. 27
    27
  28. 28
    28
  29. 29
    29
  30. 30
    30
  31. 31
    31
  32. 32
    32
  33. 33
    33

Should Mobile Phones be banned for under 18s?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

image01.png

image02.png

Contents

Pg

Introduction

3                My Case Study

3                Mobile Phones

Theory

4                The Electromagnetic Spectrum

7                Microwave Radiation

Arguments

8                Argument 1-For

12                Argument 2-For

19                Argument 3-Against

23                Argument 4-Against

Conclusion

26                Weight of Evidence    

27                Validity of Evidence

27                My reasoned judgement

Evaluation

28                Evaluation

29                Bibliography

Introduction

My Case Study

For my GCSE Core Science case study I am attempting to answer the question:

“Should mobile phones be banned for under 18s?”

To do this I will collect and assess scientific evidence and compare the weight and validity of evidence to reach an unbiased and fair conclusion.

I have chosen this topic as I can think of many arguments both for and against and I think it is an interesting topic that is controversial. It is also so current. The debate about mobile phones has carried on since the late 1970s, when the first mobile phone technology was developed and is constantly in the news headlines today. Even nowadays there is still no definite evidence to provide a conclusion. Experiments are constantly being carried out by some of the worlds leading scientists to try to settle the mobile phone debate- and the truth may not be fully available for another 30 years. Scientists can’t decide whether it is dangerous or not and whether the precautionary principle favours either side of the argument. The precautionary principle is a theory that weighs risks with benefits to see if something is worthwhile.

It is also quite relevant as I- like most young people in Great Britain and generally the developed world- us a mobile phone on a very regular basis. This topic could therefore affect how and when I use my use of mobile phones in the future. Like most people I am not sure which conclusion I should believe in this argument and hopefully this Case Study should help me to form a fair, unbiased view on mobile phone safety.

...read more.

Middle

, which is a very high quality broadsheet. The article is fairly credible however not concrete evidence.

From this article, I can take the following points regarding mobile phones and whether they should be banned:

  • Mobile phones are seen as “funky” and “with-it” and are seen as a necessary piece of equipment for anyone. This means that people will feel that they need to have one, no matter the consequence.
  • It is common knowledge that Mobile Phones are suspected of casing cancers or tumours and despite this people are still using mobile phones.
  • Experts have made it clear that they themselves are trying to keep mobile phones away from ears due to the risks that they suspect could be true.
  • Studies have shown “that using mobiles for more than 10 years more than doubled the risk of brain cancer”.
  • Mobile Phones are more of a risk to the public than smoking-which has been proven to be a massive danger that could be terminal.
  • Mobile Phones have also been linked to cancer in the saliva gland as well as being a possibility of a cause of “sperm loss and reduced sperm motility”.
  •  It has also been linked to child behaviour and relationship problems such as bad communication and understanding of other humans by school age all the way through their life due to their pregnant mother using a phone regularly- this is a serious risk as a study showed that children whose mothers used mobile phones regularly during pregnancy are 54% more likely to have behaviour and relationship problems.
  •  One of the main problems is that a lot of people would want to keep talking a lot on their mobile phones even if risks were clear.

Argument 2-For

Newspaper Article- Daily Mail

The following is a text copy of the article on the previous page.

...read more.

Conclusion

Whilst there is conflict in that 2 arguments say that the British Government say that mobile phones are dangerous (especially for children) whilst document 4 says that they don’t believe this.

My reasoned judgement

I will now attempt to use my reasoned judgement to answer the question:

“Should mobile phones be banned for under 18s”.

After reviewing all of the evidence as well as the theory I don’t think mobile phones should be banned to under 18s. I think that action to be taken to stop people (especially teenagers and younger) actually phoning people using mobiles, for example a law restricting the number of minutes someone can use their phone for calling. Another option would be to make a law to stop younger children (possibly under 13s) owning or using mobile phones, however this law would be very hard to enforce.

Generally I don’t think there is enough concrete evidence to ban mobile phones to either all people are under 18s, when 16 year olds make other important decisions such as whether to go to college or finish education.

I think that the situation should be reassessed in 10-20 years when the long term affects can be clearly observed.

Evaluation

I have now completed this Case Study and at the start of it I had the following aim:

“I will collect and assess scientific evidence and compare the weight and validity of evidence to reach an unbiased and fair conclusion.”

I think that generally I have done all of this well to give fair results and conclusions at the end.

If I were to complete this project again, I would collect more evidence from a bigger range of media types, as I have only used 3.


Bibliography

  • www.phone.mobile9.com
  • www.wikipedia.org
  • www.lot.astro.utoronto.ca/
  • www.imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov
  • Twenty-first century Science GCSE Higher Text Book
  • www.smh.com
  • www.o2.com
  • www.dailymail.co.uk
  • www.bbc.co.uk
  • O2 leaflet

Michael Hahn

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Radioactivity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Radioactivity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    'Is Nuclear Power the Solution to our Energy Problems?' Case Study

    4 star(s)

    does not emit greenhouse gasses, and nuclear power currently looks like the most practical replacement. Source 1 illustrates this as it says that nuclear power can "produce large amounts of energy from small amounts of fuel, while emitting very low amounts of greenhouse gases."

  2. Free essay

    Are mobile Phones Dangerous

    Many people don't bother because its not happened to them. Its only when its hits them, they want to do something about it. The real question is do mobile phones actually cause any danger you us as human beings. The Arguments Mobile Phones are Dangerous Many people believe that mobile phones are dangerous because of the microwaves it gives off.

  1. Nuclear Power

    Here is a table I've compiled with data from various reliable sources such as the BNES, Wikipedia and many others: I have put the data into graphical form so it can easily be interpreted, firstly we will look at the number of deaths associated with each source of power: This

  2. research and report

    The infrared cameras sensor are designed to respond to a range of infrared radiation wavelength. Thermal imaging sensor is base on using the ferroelectric properties of certain materials to produce two dimensional arrays with enough pixels to provide good resolution image.

  1. Can mobile phones cause cancer

    Some mobiles in this day and age are so advanced; it is as if you are carrying a mini computer with you literally. So could it be new features like Bluetooth of Infrared that cause mobiles to possibly allow others to receive Cancer.

  2. Are mobile phones harmful to our health

    With the wealthy revenue that is in the mobile phone market, there is not much chance of any top channel publicly admitting a problem with mobile phones. Though even so, there have been many u-turns in recent studies and their results. Why the effects of a mobile phones are bad.

  1. Is sunbathing good for you?

    They often have more time and money for outdoor recreation and holidays in sunny climates, and many people still consider suntans to be healthy and attractive. People who work outdoors for a living, such as farm workers, builders and gardeners, are at an increased risk of developing skin cancer because of prolonged exposure to the sun.

  2. P2 Assessed Home-Learning Are Mobile Phones Harmful?

    There have been different laboratory tests conducted on animals, such as mice, to see the effects of radiation. There have been adverse health effects recorded in the tests. Some say that the ?adverse health effects? could pose a health risk towards humans.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work