• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23
  24. 24
  25. 25
  26. 26
  27. 27
  28. 28
  29. 29
  30. 30
  31. 31
  32. 32
  33. 33

Should Mobile Phones be banned for under 18s?

Extracts from this document...







3                My Case Study

3                Mobile Phones


4                The Electromagnetic Spectrum

7                Microwave Radiation


8                Argument 1-For

12                Argument 2-For

19                Argument 3-Against

23                Argument 4-Against


26                Weight of Evidence    

27                Validity of Evidence

27                My reasoned judgement


28                Evaluation

29                Bibliography


My Case Study

For my GCSE Core Science case study I am attempting to answer the question:

“Should mobile phones be banned for under 18s?”

To do this I will collect and assess scientific evidence and compare the weight and validity of evidence to reach an unbiased and fair conclusion.

I have chosen this topic as I can think of many arguments both for and against and I think it is an interesting topic that is controversial. It is also so current. The debate about mobile phones has carried on since the late 1970s, when the first mobile phone technology was developed and is constantly in the news headlines today. Even nowadays there is still no definite evidence to provide a conclusion. Experiments are constantly being carried out by some of the worlds leading scientists to try to settle the mobile phone debate- and the truth may not be fully available for another 30 years. Scientists can’t decide whether it is dangerous or not and whether the precautionary principle favours either side of the argument. The precautionary principle is a theory that weighs risks with benefits to see if something is worthwhile.

It is also quite relevant as I- like most young people in Great Britain and generally the developed world- us a mobile phone on a very regular basis. This topic could therefore affect how and when I use my use of mobile phones in the future. Like most people I am not sure which conclusion I should believe in this argument and hopefully this Case Study should help me to form a fair, unbiased view on mobile phone safety.

...read more.


, which is a very high quality broadsheet. The article is fairly credible however not concrete evidence.

From this article, I can take the following points regarding mobile phones and whether they should be banned:

  • Mobile phones are seen as “funky” and “with-it” and are seen as a necessary piece of equipment for anyone. This means that people will feel that they need to have one, no matter the consequence.
  • It is common knowledge that Mobile Phones are suspected of casing cancers or tumours and despite this people are still using mobile phones.
  • Experts have made it clear that they themselves are trying to keep mobile phones away from ears due to the risks that they suspect could be true.
  • Studies have shown “that using mobiles for more than 10 years more than doubled the risk of brain cancer”.
  • Mobile Phones are more of a risk to the public than smoking-which has been proven to be a massive danger that could be terminal.
  • Mobile Phones have also been linked to cancer in the saliva gland as well as being a possibility of a cause of “sperm loss and reduced sperm motility”.
  •  It has also been linked to child behaviour and relationship problems such as bad communication and understanding of other humans by school age all the way through their life due to their pregnant mother using a phone regularly- this is a serious risk as a study showed that children whose mothers used mobile phones regularly during pregnancy are 54% more likely to have behaviour and relationship problems.
  •  One of the main problems is that a lot of people would want to keep talking a lot on their mobile phones even if risks were clear.

Argument 2-For

Newspaper Article- Daily Mail

The following is a text copy of the article on the previous page.

...read more.


Whilst there is conflict in that 2 arguments say that the British Government say that mobile phones are dangerous (especially for children) whilst document 4 says that they don’t believe this.

My reasoned judgement

I will now attempt to use my reasoned judgement to answer the question:

“Should mobile phones be banned for under 18s”.

After reviewing all of the evidence as well as the theory I don’t think mobile phones should be banned to under 18s. I think that action to be taken to stop people (especially teenagers and younger) actually phoning people using mobiles, for example a law restricting the number of minutes someone can use their phone for calling. Another option would be to make a law to stop younger children (possibly under 13s) owning or using mobile phones, however this law would be very hard to enforce.

Generally I don’t think there is enough concrete evidence to ban mobile phones to either all people are under 18s, when 16 year olds make other important decisions such as whether to go to college or finish education.

I think that the situation should be reassessed in 10-20 years when the long term affects can be clearly observed.


I have now completed this Case Study and at the start of it I had the following aim:

“I will collect and assess scientific evidence and compare the weight and validity of evidence to reach an unbiased and fair conclusion.”

I think that generally I have done all of this well to give fair results and conclusions at the end.

If I were to complete this project again, I would collect more evidence from a bigger range of media types, as I have only used 3.


  • www.phone.mobile9.com
  • www.wikipedia.org
  • www.lot.astro.utoronto.ca/
  • www.imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov
  • Twenty-first century Science GCSE Higher Text Book
  • www.smh.com
  • www.o2.com
  • www.dailymail.co.uk
  • www.bbc.co.uk
  • O2 leaflet

Michael Hahn

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Radioactivity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Radioactivity essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Is nuclear power the future? Should we build more nuclear power stations in ...

    4 star(s)

    deaths from thyroid cancer that can be caused by exposure to radiation released from the plant.[9] The radioactive fallout has spread as far as parts of the UK where around 370 farms are affected.[10] If we want to make sure disasters like this, affecting thousands of lives, have absolutely no

  2. Marked by a teacher

    'Is Nuclear Power the Solution to our Energy Problems?' Case Study

    4 star(s)

    If a bombing occurred within the power plant, specifically the reactor, the radioactive output could impact every living thing within a 2- to 8-mile radius even with a small explosion." This source explains that nuclear power plants could serve as a target for terrorist attacks.

  1. Peer reviewed

    Rabbit Proof Fence Essay - review

    By using the policy, the Europeans were trying to create a single race (race homogeneity). They were doing this to try and eliminate any racial tension that there was around. The Europeans just assumed the full-blooded aboriginals would die out naturally like they had in Tasmania a few years ago.

  2. Mutagenesis: The Effect of Radiation on Radish Seeds.

    to seeds exposed to 50,000 rads (26.89 � 28.12), 150,000 rads (7 � 14), 500,000 rads (0 � 0), and 4 million rads (0 � 0),as one can see a decreasing trend in growth (Figure 3, Table 4). For the plant stem lengths, the standard deviation for control versus 50,000

  1. Are mobile phones harmful to our health

    With the wealthy revenue that is in the mobile phone market, there is not much chance of any top channel publicly admitting a problem with mobile phones. Though even so, there have been many u-turns in recent studies and their results. Why the effects of a mobile phones are bad.

  2. X-ray report

    so great care needs to be taken when using the machine. Production of x-rays X rays are electromagnetic radiation ranging in wavelength from about 100 A to 0.01 A (1 A is equivalent to about 10-8 cm/about 4 billionths of an inch.)

  1. research and report

    thermographic cameras are designed with only a single type of sensor responding to a particular wavelength range of infrared radiation. Inside the camera Thermographic camera is a device that detects infrared radiation and convert it into an electrical signal, then produce a thermal image on a computer.

  2. Should radioactive smoke alarms be a compulsory purchase?

    Obviously there would less fatalities. Also there would be huge savings in the public sector. For example, if UK homes used my suggested methods, there would be less injuries, less hospitalisation and less ambulance call out. Also if fire alarms were installed carefully and maintained properly, people would be alerted

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work