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The Advantages and Disadvatages of Designer Babies

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Designer Babies? By Benedicte Balande ?Should We Design Our Babies?? ?Is it right?? ?It?s important to know the state of your baby? Contents: Introduction page 2-3 1. Is it a step too far? 1. Do we risk creating children as a medical commodity? Page 4-5 2. Could it eventually lead to parents demanding genetically engineered children with good looks and intelligence? Page 5-6 1. Are we fighting against nature? 2.1) Is it correct? Page 6-7 1. What are the arguments? 3.1) Arguments For Designer Babies? Page 7 3.2) Arguments Against Designer Babies? Page 8 1. Conclusion page 9-10 2. Bibliography page 11 Introduction The term "designer baby" refers to the possibility of a baby that is created by genetic engineering that uses IVF, genetic screening, and alteration to ensure that the baby does or does not possess a particular gene or characteristic. ?Designer Babies" is a term used more from the media, rather than scientists themselves. The reason why I chose this topic is simply because of all the controversial attention designer babies have been receiving within the media and also the lack of public acknowledgement about the process of the procedure. Designer babies can be a quite controversial topic because although it can help scientists screen for embryos with genetic disorders and pick the healthy embryos to use in IVF, the advancements in genetic technologies used in designer babies may lead to parents being able to get their embryos modified and choose desirable characteristics. Some see it as the door to eugenics or perhaps even a more modern way of messing with ?mother? nature, while others see it as a way of eradicating diseases and improving the human race. Whether we should pursue and use this technology is the big question, which yet brings up conflicts amongst people and scientists. Fertility Institutes recently started offering couples the opportunity to screen their embryos for complete characteristics, which involve eye colour, hair colour, and complexion. ...read more.

Middle

However, this could become a worry in a country where regulation of such techniques is less rigorous. Are we fighting against nature? 2.1) Is designing a baby correct? At this moment of time the technology isn't yet available, nevertheless the fact that people are considering the procedure about only suggests that various laboratories around are willing to make the effort to make such mission possible, no matter what the ethical costs may be. At this point of the game, we have just begun to understand how sex is determined in an embryo or the epigenetic controls that cause one gene to be viewed over another during blastocyst development. This kind of knowledge could only be applied on test tube babies; fortunately, we are a long way from that. A designer baby brings up many arguments to the table whether or not this is ethically correct. The problem with ?helping out?; with the genes in sperm and the egg cell is that we give someone the ability to pass on new genes that have never been present in human beings and pass it on for generations to come and who knows what the future may uphold for human revolution. This gives us the power to change the human race. Although, there is no guarantee that a child will be happy and successful in the future, this technology gives them that increased probability. But if you think about how much money our parents are willing to spend for increased success and happiness in the future, they will be willing to spend a fraction of that money to increase their child?s success and happiness in the future by using genetic engineering. However, with the expense of genetic engineering means only the higher brow can buy disease free super babies, while the lower brow are stuck with the diseases and abnormalities. This difference can totally split the human race into two separate breeds, which in my opinion is unacceptable. ...read more.

Conclusion

I personally oppose. Everything starts of small and harmless but when it evolves, the original intentions begin to change slowly but surely. Through allowing designer babies, parents will be able to chose hair colour, eye colour and perhaps even IQs. I think that we should draw a line, as it is unacceptable, unethical and dangerous. Everybody knows that the stereo type of beauty is blue eyes, blonde hair and exceptional height. I feel by allowing designing babies we teleporting back to the Nazi era. Then without noticing, it we will demand for pedigree babies and the key to survive in this world would be to create perfection. But, the real problem is that the embryos are deliberately created and then destroyed and discarded as if they were medical trash. They too are little human beings. The future of designer babies is still unsure, but we need to be very cautious and consider the consequences of our actions before it changes our society forever. I carried out a survey to find out if people preferred having the ability to design their off spring or not and the results speak for themselves but it does clearly express that people prefer not to design their children for various reasons. ?Of course it should be allowed. I have seen my daughter dying of thalassaemia major. No one can understand what parents goes through, seeing the child dying slowly and we can't do anything for them.? ?Science for many is a religion with no limits concerning, morality, ethics and spirituality. Unfortunately history has proven long term affects of science can be disastrous.? ?I don't agree with creating a "designer baby" because it is messing with genetics and nature. In the past nature was left alone and there was no need for designer babies and now because scientists have started messing with genetics, there is now the need for designer babies to put right the mess they have made. ...read more.

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Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This is an argument for and against designer babies. The writer has used their own opinion throughout, without any backup from reliable sources such as journals or articles. Although most of the opinion is good and thoughtful it requires more explicit science. 3 stars.

Marked by teacher Louise Star 09/07/2013

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