• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The numbers of people dying of cardiovascular diseases are going down in the UK, but can cardiovascular disease be prevented?

Extracts from this document...


The numbers of people dying of cardiovascular diseases are going down in the UK, but can cardiovascular disease be prevented? ''Cardiovascular disease kills one in 3 people in the uk''1. Although cardiovascular diseases are on the decline, it is still Britain's biggest number 1 killer ''responsible for 40% of premature deaths''2. The cardio-vascular system is responsible for supplying the body with blood. The heart pumps blood around the body through arteries, veins and capillaries, it is made of cardiac tissue and is positioned in the thoracic region. Cardiovascular diseases occur when blood and oxygen supply to the heart is restricted, it has 2 main components: * Diseases of the heart (Cardio) * Diseases of blood vessels (Vascular) Cardiovascular diseases cover a broad term of diseases and not jus one condition. Some types of cardiovascular diseases cant be prevented because some are congenital and you are born with them e.g.- Blue baby- (''congenital heart defect in a new born baby''3) other types of Cardiovascular diseases develop over a period of a lifetime and often you can help prevent by taking action e.g.: exercise, a balanced diet etc. I am going to have a look at the diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular system and the factors contributing to the disease: ARTHEROSCLEROSIS: a build up of fats including cholesterol, narrowing the artery passage, hardening the vessel walls and loss of elasticity- results in Coronary Heart Disease. ...read more.


women, however, after the menopause Heart disease becomes common in women and that is why they are advised to take HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy) as well as for many other reasons. Heart disease can also be hereditary, doctors say if there is a strong family history of heart disease, it increases ones chance of CHD which may make us more liable to high levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure. It could also be due to all members of the family sharing an unhealthy lifestyle. It is also known that immigrants from the Indian sub continent who come to the UK are even more likely to develop CHD than people who were born here, they may have a lower incidence of heart disease whilst they were living there, but ''moving to a more affluent country increases the risk of heart disease''6. MEDICAL TREATMENTS During the last 10 years, there has been an enormous advance in the treatment of CHD. Medications such as nitrates dilate the blood vessels and increase the flow of blood to the heart as well as increasing the levels of oxygen. Drugs like statins are new drugs that lower cholesterol in the body especially the liver and prevent arteries from blocking further. BETA BLOCKERS (''blocks the effects of adrenalin on heart receptors, slowing down the heartbeat and reducing Blood pressure during exercise''7) ...read more.


It is important to start slowly and build up gradually to more strength training exercises. Exercise will also reduce high blood pressure and is a great stress buster. Stop smoking- reduces the risk of heart disease rapidly. COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE: Holistic therapies such as Aromatherapy massage and Reflexology help to reduce the risk of C.V.D as it helps to strengthen the hearts action, and also reduces the effects of stress which is a big factor in cardiovascular diseases, holistic massage also help to stimulate the hearts circulation. Certain essential oils have a particular effect on the blood and circulation. CVD is a long term degenerative disease and people must be made aware of the complications of an unhealthy lifestyle early to try and educate them towards a healthy lifestyle. It has long been considered that CVD is a self inflicted disease because the lifestyle led by sufferers has influenced the onset of the disease and therefore avoidable. We will all die of something, and it's likely that heart disease will always be one of the major causes of death, but as mentioned above we can take preventative precautions to reduce the risk. 1 British heart foundation(2004)www.bhf.org.uk 2 Fit pro magazine (nov 2004) issue 101 page 25 3 www.bbc.com/health (2004) 4 British Heart Foundation (2004) www.BHF.org.uk 5 Cholesterol level leaflet- BOOTS (2004) 6 www.bbc.com/health (2004) 7 www.Nhs.co.uk (2003) 8Fit pro magazine (october 2004) issue 100 page 31 9 Fit Pro magazine(2001) issue 12 page 18 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Myocardial infarction

    5 star(s)

    When a arthrosclerotic plaque ruptures or is disrupted platelets adhere to it signalling other platelets to adhere to it - thus a clot forms.Depending on the size of the clot blood supply to the heart muscle distal to the occlusion may be completely or partially cut off causing a MI or ischemia.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Should the MMR vaccination be made compulsory in the UK?

    5 star(s)

    more research to be undertaken to give them a better understanding of its safety. However, there is already a large body of evidence suggesting that there is no link between MMR and autism or Crohn's disease, and the number of studies demonstrating this is growing.

  1. Factors Affecting the Development of Coronary Heart Disease.

    When this happens cardiac ischemia takes place, there is not a satisfactory amount of highly oxygenated blood reaching the heart. Some feel nothing during this process, which is called silent ischemia, whereas the majority suffer from angina, which, during intensity, can trigger cardiac arrest, where the heart stops beating, or even congestive heart failure occurs.

  2. The Biological and Psychological Impact of Smoking Cigarettes

    Finally concentration is expected to be affected by smoking. Research has shown that people who smoke have lower levels of concentration than non-smokers, research has also proved that smoking lowers the mental performance of the smoker.

  1. The cardiovascular system is made up of the heart and the blood vessels, such ...

    If this person where to continue this exercise for the long term I would expect that this person's cardiovascular endurance would increase and that the individual's heart rate would decrease along with blood pressure.

  2. HSC Module-Blueprint of Life

    that enzymes were responsible for this change - They then exposed the mould to X-rays, to induce mutations - This mutant mould was then grown on the minimal medium - If the mould grew, it was discarded - If the mould didn't grow, it was grown on a different medium, containing different amino acids.

  1. Should people with diabetes 2 receive medical treatment?

    Eating too much saturated fat is linked to high cholesterol and heart disease. Unsaturated fats usually come from vegetable sources and include monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. These fats are generally healthier. Fat is a carrier for fat-soluble vitamins and supplies essential fatty acids such as omega 3 and 6 which

  2. Coronary heart disease is the most common serious medical condition affecting people in the ...

    It is also the material which the body uses to make other vital chemicals. However, too much cholesterol in the blood can increase your risk of heart disease.6 There are two different types of cholesterol: low-density lipoprotein (LDL), sometimes known as 'bad' cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), sometimes referred to as 'good' cholesterol.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work