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The numbers of people dying of cardiovascular diseases are going down in the UK, but can cardiovascular disease be prevented?

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Introduction

The numbers of people dying of cardiovascular diseases are going down in the UK, but can cardiovascular disease be prevented? ''Cardiovascular disease kills one in 3 people in the uk''1. Although cardiovascular diseases are on the decline, it is still Britain's biggest number 1 killer ''responsible for 40% of premature deaths''2. The cardio-vascular system is responsible for supplying the body with blood. The heart pumps blood around the body through arteries, veins and capillaries, it is made of cardiac tissue and is positioned in the thoracic region. Cardiovascular diseases occur when blood and oxygen supply to the heart is restricted, it has 2 main components: * Diseases of the heart (Cardio) * Diseases of blood vessels (Vascular) Cardiovascular diseases cover a broad term of diseases and not jus one condition. Some types of cardiovascular diseases cant be prevented because some are congenital and you are born with them e.g.- Blue baby- (''congenital heart defect in a new born baby''3) other types of Cardiovascular diseases develop over a period of a lifetime and often you can help prevent by taking action e.g.: exercise, a balanced diet etc. I am going to have a look at the diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular system and the factors contributing to the disease: ARTHEROSCLEROSIS: a build up of fats including cholesterol, narrowing the artery passage, hardening the vessel walls and loss of elasticity- results in Coronary Heart Disease. ...read more.

Middle

women, however, after the menopause Heart disease becomes common in women and that is why they are advised to take HRT (Hormone Replacement Therapy) as well as for many other reasons. Heart disease can also be hereditary, doctors say if there is a strong family history of heart disease, it increases ones chance of CHD which may make us more liable to high levels of cholesterol and high blood pressure. It could also be due to all members of the family sharing an unhealthy lifestyle. It is also known that immigrants from the Indian sub continent who come to the UK are even more likely to develop CHD than people who were born here, they may have a lower incidence of heart disease whilst they were living there, but ''moving to a more affluent country increases the risk of heart disease''6. MEDICAL TREATMENTS During the last 10 years, there has been an enormous advance in the treatment of CHD. Medications such as nitrates dilate the blood vessels and increase the flow of blood to the heart as well as increasing the levels of oxygen. Drugs like statins are new drugs that lower cholesterol in the body especially the liver and prevent arteries from blocking further. BETA BLOCKERS (''blocks the effects of adrenalin on heart receptors, slowing down the heartbeat and reducing Blood pressure during exercise''7) ...read more.

Conclusion

It is important to start slowly and build up gradually to more strength training exercises. Exercise will also reduce high blood pressure and is a great stress buster. Stop smoking- reduces the risk of heart disease rapidly. COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINE: Holistic therapies such as Aromatherapy massage and Reflexology help to reduce the risk of C.V.D as it helps to strengthen the hearts action, and also reduces the effects of stress which is a big factor in cardiovascular diseases, holistic massage also help to stimulate the hearts circulation. Certain essential oils have a particular effect on the blood and circulation. CVD is a long term degenerative disease and people must be made aware of the complications of an unhealthy lifestyle early to try and educate them towards a healthy lifestyle. It has long been considered that CVD is a self inflicted disease because the lifestyle led by sufferers has influenced the onset of the disease and therefore avoidable. We will all die of something, and it's likely that heart disease will always be one of the major causes of death, but as mentioned above we can take preventative precautions to reduce the risk. 1 British heart foundation(2004)www.bhf.org.uk 2 Fit pro magazine (nov 2004) issue 101 page 25 3 www.bbc.com/health (2004) 4 British Heart Foundation (2004) www.BHF.org.uk 5 Cholesterol level leaflet- BOOTS (2004) 6 www.bbc.com/health (2004) 7 www.Nhs.co.uk (2003) 8Fit pro magazine (october 2004) issue 100 page 31 9 Fit Pro magazine(2001) issue 12 page 18 ...read more.

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