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The respiratory system

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Introduction

The respiratory system 1. Define respiration. Respiration is the process of converting glucose to energy, which goes to every cell in the body. 2. Describe the organs of external respiration. The nose is divided into the right and left cavities and is lined with tiny hairs and mucous membrane, which secretes a sticky fluid, called mucus, which helps prevent dust and bacteria from entering the lungs. The nose moistens, warms and filters the air and is an organ, which senses smell. The naso-pharynx is the upper part of the nasal cavity behind the nose, and is lined with mucous membrane. The naso-pharynx continues to filter, warm and moisten the incoming air. The pharynx is a large cavity behind the mouth and between the nasal cavity and larynx. The pharynx serves, as an air and food passage but cannot be used for both purposes at the same time, otherwise choking would result. The air is also warmed and moistened further as it passes through the pharynx. The larynx is a short passage connecting the pharynx to the trachea and contains vocal chords. ...read more.

Middle

5. Briefly describe which essential oils can benefit the respiratory system including the effects and most appropriate methods of use. Eucalyptus is beneficial respiratory conditions such as sinusitis, flu, bronchitis and asthma. This oil can be use in the bath, regular massage (especially to the chest and in a vaporiser. Tea tree has a beneficial effect on the respiratory system aswell and is useful for colds, flu and catarrh. Can be steam inhalated, drops on a tissue or maybe facial massage. 6. Briefly describe at least 4 different diseases/disorders of the respiratory system and any benefits that holistic therapies can offer these conditions. The main symptoms of bronchitis are wheezing and persistent phlegm producing coughing. Inflammation of the airways can result from infection after a cold or flu. For some it may be chronic debilitating condition. It is most common in people who smoke or live in heavily polluted area babies and the elderly may also develop bronchitis if a virus has weakened their immune system. Beneficial essential oils include eucalyptus, frankincense, lavender, pine and cedarwood. ...read more.

Conclusion

In most cases the problem clears within a few days, but self-help measures can speed recovery. If catarrh is persistent, it is important to get constitutional treatment from a qualified specialist. Run a warm bath and add 8 drops frankincense, lavender, Scots pine, rosemary, or tea tree. You could also add 4 drops of peppermint, eucalyptus or any of the above to 600ml of hot water to make a steam inhalation. Make a chest rub using 15 drops of any of these essential oils apart from eucalyptus, which may irritate the skin. In 50ml of base oil. Apply 2-3 times a day. Hay fever is an allergic condition characterised by sneezing, a blocked nose or runny nose, itching eyes or a heavy head. It can help to stay indoors when the pollen count is high, particularly in the early morning and late evening. Keep the windows closed and wear sunglasses. Chamomile, eucalyptus, frankincense, Scots pine and rose otto can help. Put 6 drops of your chosen oil (except eucalyptus) in the bath and/or a burner, or on a tissue and inhale as required. Make up a massage oil using up to 10 drops essential oil in 25ml base oil and massage into the chest and back, 2-3 times a day. ...read more.

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