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The Rise and fall of the Iron and Steel Industry in Great Britain

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Introduction

The Rise and fall of the Iron and Steel Industry in Great Britain. (Since 1800) Iron and Steel was the most important industry in the Industrial Revolution and could not have happened without it. It was essential for mechanical and civil engineering, as well as domestic and civil uses. During the Iron Age wrought Iron was the most commonly produced form of iron which was formed by smelting it with charcoal (This contained 0.02- 0.08percent of Carbon in it. In the mid-18th century, the iron industry was small-scale and centred on the Weald in Sussex and the Forest of Dean in South Wales. These areas contained plenty of woodlands to provide the charcoal needed in the smelting process. ...read more.

Middle

And that cast iron was brittle and broke under strain, but wrought iron was too bendable. After 1850, therefore, there was increasing demand for steel, which was strong and malleable, particularly for the railways. Iron became more popular and was used to build factories and bridges. As well as to build machines, it was essential for steam engines, ships, trains and rails. It was also required for replaceable machine parts. It was used for weapons of war such as cannons and rifles. And was also commonly used in the home for railings, kitchen ranges and bedsteads. The mass-production of cheap steel only became possible after the introduction of the Bessemer process, named after, Sir Henry Bessemer (1813-1898). ...read more.

Conclusion

And only 2550 tonnes of Bessemer steel rails were made, resulting in a price of $170 per tonne. However by 1884 iron rails has halted in being made at all, and were instead replaced by 1,500,000 tonnes of Steel railing being formed, which sold at only $32 per tonne. As a result of all the development manufacturing costs per tonne were as little as $14 however resulted in a development in quality of iron rails and other forms of transport such as ships. The development in the production of Iron and Steel only resulted in more of it being produced, and a lot more easily this resulted in it to significantly become a lot cheaper, and also result as the fall in the Iron and Steel Industry. ...read more.

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