• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The waves of Feminism.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

INTRODUCTION

        Feminism means different things to different people. According to the dictionary definition, it is ‘the full social, political and economic equality of men and women.[1] Not differently, feminists identify themselves as people who support political, economic and social equality for women. Feminism for much of the mass culture has become equated with lesbianism and male hating. Yet, those views contradict feminist history. From the beginning, women have differed in their approaches to change in their worldviews. Ideologically, feminists have always been divided into ‘equality’ and ‘difference’ feminism. Today the movement is more varied than ever, with feminists also identifying themselves according to race and ethnic heritage as well as to political or social agendas. Feminism is often discussed in terms of eras or ‘waves’ and this paper will focus on the three waves of feminism and at the end will provide the reader with a conclusion.

First Wave Feminism

The feminists who fought for suffrage in the US and beyond, beginning with the meeting in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848 and resulted in the right to vote in 1920, are today called the ‘first wave’.

...read more.

Middle

As mentioned above, the most important feature of second wave feminism is its challenge to traditional political concepts. Kate Millet was one of the first women to assert that ‘the personal is political’ in 1970 with her book Sexual Politics. She redefines politics as any ‘power-structured relationships [or] arrangements whereby one group of people is controlled by another’.[2] She further claims that in our society, ‘sex is a status category with political implications’.[3] The slogan ‘the personal is political’ clearly explains that second wave feminism did not only fought for the extension of the range of social opportunities open to women. Rather, it aimed to change women’s domestic and private lives through intervention within the spheres of reproduction, sexuality and cultural representation. Lastly, we can say that second wave feminism did not just make an impact upon Western societies, but also continued to inspire the struggle for women’s rights across the world.

Third Wave Feminism

There is no formal definition of Third Wave Feminism. It started about the early 1990s and has worked to continue the work of the second wave and also now to prove that ‘women can do what men can do’.[4]

...read more.

Conclusion

The third wave started about the early 1990s and has worked to continue the work of the second wave and also now to prove that ‘women can do what men can do’.  Many second wave feminists are a part of this third wave.  Some of these third wave feminists are challenging the older feminists saying that they  have too much focused on the victimization of women.  Much is different for the third wave and their self-image is also different from that of the second wave feminists. Many third wavers see women as fundamentally strong, confidant and brave individuals.

(Gökçe Allı&Derya Suner)


[1]Brooks, Ann. 1997 Postfeminisms: feminism, cultural theory and cultural norms. USA: Routledge, p.15

[2]Le Gates, Marlene. 1996 Making Waves: a history of feminism in Western society.  Toronto: Copp Clark Ltd., p.115

[3]Le Gates, Marlene. 1996 Making Waves: a history of feminism in Western society.  Toronto: Copp Clark Ltd., p.115

[4]Heywood, Leslie&Drake, Jennifer.1997 Third Wave Agenda: being feminist, doing feminism. Minnaepolis: University of Minnesota Press, p.205

[5] Brooks, Ann. 1997 Postfeminisms: feminism, cultural theory and cultural norms. USA: Routledge, p.192

...read more.

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Waves section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Waves essays

  1. The applications of underwater acoustics and their advantages and disadvantages

    The basic sounds produced by an invertebrate are clicking sounds, which can be classed as a short pulse lasting for a second. These can be heard in the audible spectrum of 20Hz to 20000Hz. By following the clicking or the rasping sounds we can monitor the invertebrates' habitat; where they feed and what kind of conditions they need to survive.

  2. Properties of waves

    in the rope and door knob example, each particle in the rope moves straight up and down as the wave passes by from left to right a.

  1. Wave P0wer in britain

    Wave Energy is the ultimate resource; the only problem is that not all of it can be harnessed. The size of waves can depend on three different factors: * Wind Speed: The faster the wind is moving the more energy it will contain thus larger force on the water.

  2. Light is so common that we often take it for granted.

    These patterns move along the ray. They are the light. By the early 1900's, experiments had shown that scientists finally had to give up the idea of an ether. Many scientists realized that a wave of light, as a regularly varying pattern of electric and magnetic fields, can travel through empty space.

  1. Find out which supermarket the public prefers.

    orange juice - � 0.34 Pure orange juice - � 0.46 Fries - � 0.98 Fries - � 0.86 12 Cobs - � 0.94 12 cobs - � 0.92 Chicken - � 4.99 Chicken - � 4.99 Milk - � 0.96 Milk - � 0.96 Tomato Ketchup - � 1.19

  2. Formulation Of A Theory.

    What age group are you in? 11-14 15-18 19-24 25-34 35-44 45-60 2. What is your gender? Male Female 3. Please give a measurement of this line in cm: ________________________ 4. Please estimate the size of the angle in degrees: Age Group Gender Line (cm) Angle (degrees)

  1. The aim of my experiment is to see what factors affect electromagnetism the most ...

    As the number of amps increase the magnetism should also increase and it's the same for the coils. Although I cannot predict which variable will create the most efficient electromagnet, as I do not know how the electron output would vary from each variable, I can though predict that because

  2. The Benefits and repercussions of the use of mobile phones in a third world ...

    It takes many years to establish a network similar to the one of Telemovil. But none of the mobile phone companies in the country provide a complete coverage. Base stations communicate and transmit the signal in a designed area or 'cell'.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work