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Type 1 diabetes informational leaflet. What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes?

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1. What is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes? Type 1 diabetes is caused through 'auto-immune' disease and can never be cured whereas type 2 diabetes is caused by being overweight or eating more glucose than your body can take. 2. What are the possible complications of diabetes? Very high blood glucose level, Atheroma ('furring or hardening of the arteries'), Eye problems, Kidney damage, Nerve dam-age, Foot problems. 3. What are the aims of treatment? Symptoms will ease, and you will feel well again, if a high glu-cose level is decreased below a certain level with some insulin. 4. Is Type 1 diabetes inherited? ...read more.


The main sugar is called glucose. To remain healthy, your blood glucose level should not go too high or too low. A hor-mone called insulin helps to take glucose from the bloodstream into various cells of the body. This helps to keep the blood sugar normal. Insulin is made by special cells in the pancreas. In Type 1 diabetes the pancreas stops making insulin, and so the blood glucose remains high. This occurs because the immune system makes antibodies which destroy the insulin-making cells in the pancreas. It is not known why the immune system does this. Type 1 dia-betes usually first develops in children or young adults. ...read more.


After treatment is started the symptoms soon settle and go. How-ever, without treatment, the blood glucose level be-comes very high and acids form in the bloodstream ('ketosis'). If untreated, you will slip into a coma or even die! The treatment of Diabetes. There are different treatment for diabetes. There is: ? Insulin - a hormone, taken as an injection. ? A healthy diet - the same that is recom-mended for everyone. Aim to eat a low fat, high fibre diet with plenty of starchy foods, fruit and vegetables. However, you will need to know how to balance the right amount of insulin for the amount of food that you eat. ? Reduce other risk factors - keeping blood pressure down, don't smoke, doing physi-cal activity regularly, lose excess weight. Type 1 Diabetes By Sonia Kaur These are the main symptoms of diabetes ...read more.

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