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Was the moon landing faked or not, is still debatable until today.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Abstract

        Was the moon landing faked or not, is still debatable until today. Many facts and theories were used to prove the arguments on both sides. The boundaries of this topic are ranged from the first moon landing till the last. Methods used to research this topic are including the finding of newspaper front cover in 1969, electronic materials which includes journal, interviews and articles. Firstly, moon rocks which exhibit special properties are brought back to earth. Even the earth’s most potent particle accelerators can not make such a rock (McKay 2001). Secondly, the behavior of the sand on the moon is proven different from earth. Earth has an atmosphere while the moon does not have one which makes the vast difference of the sands reactions (Bad Astronomy 2002). However, the supporting arguments given below will explain the evidences provided with further clarity and are solid. Firstly, effects of maneuvered lighting on photographs and videos are not normal. An astronaut standing beside a flag a few feet away has his shadow cast in different directions (Cosnette 2005). Secondly, moon’s atmosphere does not complement the astronauts’ actions on the moon, such as the waving flag scenario (NASA 2001). Thirdly, the existence of radiation belts around the earth prevents anyone leaving earth safely. They would need ten inches of lead to absorb most of the radiation (Cosnette 2005). As a conclusion, the moon landings are faked because the evidences supporting the moon landing are not as convincing as the arguments proving the moon landing is a fake.

1.0 Introduction


1.0 Introduction

Since the olden days, mankind has always been determined to conquer all frontiers.

...read more.

Middle


5.0 Supporting Arguments


5.0 Supporting Arguments

5.1 The effects of maneuvered lighting on evidences.

        Firstly, photographs of astronauts taken on the moon and made available by NASA have many flaws. As physics laws apply, shadows are created by an object which completely blocks light. With one source of light, angles of shadows created on nearby objects would be exactly the same if not an insignificant amount of change in angle. This depicts the situation on the moon. NASA stated that the astronauts were not equipped with any lighting material and thus the sun was their sole provider of light (Cosnette 2005). In one particular photograph given by NASA, an astronaut standing a few feet away from the flag had his shadow cast in different directions. This phenomenon would not occur if natural light source came from only one direction (Cosnette 2005). Another sound evidence that would add depth to my argument is provided by NASA and will further clarify this matter. The photograph shows us that the astronaut walking with his back turned against the sun has his front body lighted. As mentioned earlier that the sun was the only light source, this would not happen as well (Cosnette 2005).


5.2 The moon’s atmosphere versus astronauts’ movements.

        Secondly, there is a contrast between pictorial evidences and the atmosphere of the moon. The commonly claimed error is that of the waving flag scene. Without any atmosphere and wind it is not possible for any flag to be seen waving. Bear mind that the gravity on the moon is one-sixth of earth’s gravity.

...read more.

Conclusion

‘The Great Moon Hoax’ 2001, NASA.

Retrieved on October 13, 2005 from

http://sciencec.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast23feb_2.hthm

Wingerter, P, 2000, The Van Allen Belts and Travel to the Moon.

        Retrieved on October 12, 2005 from

http://spider.ipac.caltech.edu/staff/waw/mad/mad19.html


10.0 Bibliography


Bibliography

Newspaper Headlines without author:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/special_report/1999/07/99/the_moon_landing/eve_standard.htm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/special_report/1999/07/99/the_moon_landing/times.htm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/special_report/1999/07/99/the_moon_landing/finan

cial_times.htm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/special_report/1999/07/99/the_moon_landing/guardian.htm

‘Revealing the Moon’s Secrets’, 1999, BBC News.

Retrieved on October 21, 2005 from

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/special_report/1999/07/99/the_moon_landing/395447.stm

‘The Great Moon Hoax’ 2001, NASA.

Retrieved on October 13, 2005 from

http://sciencec.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast23feb_2.hthm

Cosnette, D, 2005, The Faked Apollo Landings.

        Retrieved on November 20, 2005 from

http://moonmovie.com/Cosnette.html

Duke, C, 1999, ‘The Story from Mission Control’.

Retrieved on October 21,2005 from

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/special_report/1999/07/99/the_moon_landing/395126.stm

Mackay, N, 2004, Did We Land on the Moon?

        Retrieved on October 12, 2005, from

http://www.thekeyboard.org.uk/Did%20we%20land%20on%20the%20Moon.htm

Plait, P, 2001, Fox TV and the Apollo Moon Hoax.

        Retrieved on October 12, 2005, from

http://www.badastronomy.com/bad/tv/foxapollo.html

Reardon, P, 2002, 1st. Man to Land on the Moon.

        Retrieved on October 12, 2005, from

http://www.engology.com/engintarmstrong.htm

Stern, D, 1996, Radiation Belts.

        Retrieved on October 12, 2005, from

http://www.phy6.org/Education/Iradbelt.html

Turco, S, 2003, Armstrong: Don’t Jump to Conclusions.

        Retrieved on October 12, 2005, from

http://www.enquirer.com/editions/2003/02/03/loc_armstrong03.html

Wingerter, P, 2000, The Van Allen Belts and Travel to the Moon.

        Retrieved on October 12, 2005 from

http://spider.ipac.caltech.edu/staff/waw/mad/mad19.html

...read more.

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