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Was Vesalius, Paré or Harvey the most in influential with their discoveries in Renaissance Times?

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Introduction

Was Vesalius, Par� or Harvey the most in influential with their discoveries in Renaissance Times? The Renaissance was a period that began at the end of the fourteenth century. It began in Italy, mainly as a set of ideas in art and literature, but it soon caused changes in many other fields-geography, religion, and science as well as medicine. The Renaissance also saw the birth of three famous doctors' -Vesalius, Par� and Harvey-who had a great influence on the history of medicine. Andreas Vesalius was born in Brussels in 1514. His family had a history of medical knowledge, his father was pharmacist to the Emperor Charles V and his grandfather and great grandfather had also been medical men. Vesalius started his studies at Louvain University and then went to Paris in 1533 to study medicine under Jean Guinter at the age of nineteen. He then returned to Louvain in 1537 where he took his Bachelor of medicine degree. That December he became a Doctor of Medicine and soon after Professor of Anatomy and Surgery. In 1540 Vesalius performed a public dissection at a medical school in Bologna. In 1543 he published his great work 'The Fabric of the Human Body'. When Vesalius was studying in Paris and Italy he met artists who were studying skeletons and dissecting bodies to make their paintings more realistic. Vesalius included these paintings in his book, which was the first of its kind, which included detailed illustrations. ...read more.

Middle

Par� also made artificial limbs and new tools or instruments for surgeons to use. When Par� was in the army he watched many surgeons at work, watching them deal with serious wounds. Par� had never dealt with gunshot wounds before, although he knew how to treat them. He had read a book by Jean de Vigo called 'Of Wounds in General'. It said that gunshot wounds were poisonous and that the only way to stop poison from infecting the whole leg was to apply boiling oil to the wound. Par� heard the screams from the people having the procedure done and so he went to observe other surgeons to see if they had any other procedures. They all advised him to go ahead and use boiling oil. Par� decided to use the oil to cauterise the wounds. More and more injured soldiers came to Par� and he soon ran out of oil. Par� had no choice but to look for a new treatment, he could not just let his patients suffer. Par� quickly mixed an ointment of his own. It was made out of egg yolks, oil of roses and turpentine, which Par� knew had been used since Roman times to heal wounds. Par� convinced himself that when he went to the ward the next day, the patients that he had treated with oil would be alive and the ones that he had treated with his own ointment would be dead. ...read more.

Conclusion

Harvey predicted that in-between arteries and veins there are tiny blood vessels that carry the blood. These were too small to see by the naked eye but Harvey insisted that they existed. Later on Harvey's prediction was proved. Harvey discovered that blood flows around the body through veins and arteries and that blood is not burnt up. This may later influence future doctors to not use blood letting so frequently and this information may have been useful during surgery and encouraged other doctors and students to look closely at the heart and discover more about the body. Both Vesalius and Harvey discovered valuable information about the anatomy of the body. This information was not very useful at the time but was very useful in the long run and encouraged many other doctors and students to look at the human body for themselves and experiment. The improvements would not of happened straight away but their ideas encouraged others to discover new things about human anatomy. During the Renaissance operations such as heart transplants did not exist but maybe because of their discoveries these sort of major operations were made possible. The question in this essay asks who was the most influential in Renaissance times. Because Harvey and Vesalius's ideas were not much use at the time, this does not so much apply to them. However Par�s discoveries did cure many wounded soldiers during the Renaissance and encouraged others to use ancient treatments and make them better. So in my opinion Ambroise Par� was the most influential doctor during the Renaissance period. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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