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What conflicts are generated by the demand for water in rural areas?

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Introduction

What conflicts are generated by the demand for water in rural areas? There are many conflicts generated by the demand for water in rural areas since it is a precious resource, which everyone needs to survive and also for agricultural activities. An example of this is the Attaturk dam in Turkey on the river Euphrates. The river Euphrates flows through Syria and Iran, the Attaturk dam is part of a GAP project, which is helping the water supply and irrigation for agriculture and human survival in South East Turkey. The purpose of this dam is to produce hydroelectric power and using water for irrigation. There were 60,000 people who lost their homes in the flooding of the area for the reservoir and the government provided no compensation for anyone. ...read more.

Middle

The dam that was holding back the water is the cause of the rapid decrease of groundwater in the area so people in the same area have to dig deeper than others. The canal is polluted since there are soil particles in the water because of erosion such as corrasion and attrition. Doctors think this unclean water is the reason for increased cholera cases. The canal is part of the river Euphrates and this is the only drainage system for the farming community and so this is disastrous for the crops that are being harvested each year. There are people who work on cotton plant fields who paid a lot of money to work the land and the salinisation process is ruining the plants and the land they reap their seeds on so the workers have nothing to provide their families with or sell to commerce. ...read more.

Conclusion

The stability of Syria is declining and the natural resources are being used up quickly in the area but now have nothing. These people are living a "slow death". The upper land in Iraq is very fertile for agricultural use but the upper countries are using it instead and down south salt is building up and is preventing agricultural land from being cultivated. The water level on average is decreasing every year by 60% - 70%. These countries should care about the potential problems in the future and not now. The real problem in conflict will prove to serious once the expected population doubles and the people of both countries are dying. ...read more.

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