• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the biological significance of water?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What is the biological significance of water? Water is the most available compound on earth. Many of us take it for granted. Although it is the basis of life, that is just the beginning of water as a useful chemical. In fact water is useful in more ways than most of us ever think about. Everyday, chemists discover new uses for what is one of the things most taken for granted. Although water is abundant, it is a very simple compound with a complex set of properties. Nearly everything about water is somehow unusual or contradictory. Water has a formula of H2O which means it has two atoms of hydrogen and one of oxygen in every molecule. Water's melting and boiling points (Zero and 100 degrees Celsius respectively) are higher than would be expected based on similar compounds. It is unusually viscous based on its comparatively small molecular weight, this is due to its dipole structure, it has a small negative charge on the hydrogen, and a small positive charge on the oxygen, however in comparison to many other liquids present in the natural world it has ...read more.

Middle

This is why water is ideal as insulation or a heat dissipation source; it also means that large bodies of water are very stable in temperature, for instance the sea. This is odd because there is nothing in its chemical makeup or structure that justifies this ability to hold so much heat. As water has a high specific heat capacity it is also an extremely effective coolant, as it also has a high latent heat of vaporization. For example mammals sweat a solution comprising mainly of water, to cool down, they do so because in order for the water to vaporize it must draw energy (heat energy) from its surroundings, in this case the animal, therefore cooling it down. Water reacts with more substances than any other compound. It reacts physically with several compounds to add to their crystalline structure. Compounds like copper and magnesium sulfate are two examples of many compounds that almost always found in nature with water molecules physically attached to their crystalline structure. These types of compounds are often "dried out" or dehydrated and used to absorb water from their surroundings. ...read more.

Conclusion

It absorbs neutrons in nuclear power plants, yet is easily heated by microwaves. Water has excellent properties of cohesion, again due to its dipole nature, and the fact that the molecules or magnetically attracted to each other. An example of how this is used in the biological world is in the transpiration stream of plants, in witch the evaporation of water at the top of the plant (via the stomata) draws a column of water up the plant (in the xylem). Water still has some surprises left. Due to the existence of heavy hydrogen atoms of deuterium and trinium, water is the primary source of the raw materials needed for hydrogen bombs. Water also is the ideal source of hydrogen for the creation of Plasma, and the possible development of controlled fusion reactions. Water is a compound that we know so well yet know so little about. In its simple structure may be the key to understanding so much about the nature of chemical structures and reactions. A complete understanding of how and why the water molecule works may prove invaluable to our future development of new products and technologies. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Green Plants as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Green Plants as Organisms essays

  1. The Biological Significance of Water.

    Water is a medium for dispersal; it can be used to disperse the larval stages of some terrestrial organisms. It is the medium in which sperm are transferred in mosses and ferns. Osmotic pressure helps disperse the seeds of the squirting cucumber.

  2. The chemical nature and biological significance of the water molecule

    The relatively small size of water molecules typically allows many water molecules to surround one molecule of solute. The partially negative dipoles of the water are attracted to positively charged components of the solute, and the partially positive dipoles are attracted to the negatively charged components on the solute.

  1. Water's Chemical Properties.

    Above this temperature, expansion due to the increased thermal energy of the molecules is the dominant factor, with a consequent decrease in density.

  2. Effect of coppicing on Abundance of Violets.

    Therefore due to this fact and the earlier knowledge I predict subset 1997 to be more abundant in violets than subset 1993. Growth depends upon photosynthesis and photosynthesis can only happen when there is light energy. Plants contain a chemical called auxin that is present in the growing areas the shoots and roots.

  1. The Biological Significance Of Water.

    Pure water is an odourless, tasteless and colourless liquid. This is an important point as this allows plants to photosynthesise deep under water. If this was not possibly then life on Earth might have failed to exist, as life is believe to have originated in an aqueous environment. The fact that it is colourless means that there is a

  2. The effects of organic effluent from the seweage on the biodiversty in a freshwater ...

    METHOD: 1. A general map of the site will be required so that decisions about which area to carryout the experiments can be made. 2. Three areas for experiment will be selected at random to ensure the reliability of results and prevent any human bias.

  1. The Biological Significance of Water.

    However, this means little in biological terms, until it is realised that the dipolar nature of water means that it a very good solvent, and therefore can be used to transport almost any substances (except lipids). This allows water to be used as a transport medium in blood, lymphatic and excretory systems.

  2. Temperature regulation in mammals & birds.

    From the graphs, it is clear that as the surface area / volume ratio of a model increases, so too does the average rate of heat loss away from the model (the amount of heat that can be lost every second).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work