• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Yr2PBL1.1 Am I at Risk?

Extracts from this document...


Yr2PBL1.1 Am I at Risk? Heart attack Definition A heart attack is when an area of heart muscle dies or is damaged because of an inadequate supply of oxygen to that area. Heart disease Definition A disorder that affects the heart muscle or the blood vessels of the heart. A vascular disorder is a blood vessel problem, such as poor circulation caused by blockage (see peripheral vascular disease). 2.Describe Explain Risk Factors Causes, incidence, and risk factors Heart attacks are often caused by a clot that blocks one of the coronary arteries (the blood vessels that bring blood and oxygen to heart muscle). The clot prevents blood and oxygen from reaching that area of the heart, leading to the death of heart cells in that area. Usually, this occurs in a coronary artery that has been narrowed from changes related to atherosclerosis. The damaged heart tissue permanently loses its ability to contract. Scientists have still to unravel all the causes of heart disease. However, certain factors can increase your likelihood of developing it. These are known as risk factors. Some risk factors you cannot do very much about - such as your age, your gender or your ethnic group. Risk factors you do have some control over are what you eat, whether you smoke and the amount of exercise you take. Key risk factors include: Your age It has been recognised that the risk of developing coronary heart disease increases with age. ...read more.


Blood pressure at home, on the other hand, was not related to job stress level (78). Newer risk factors for coronary artery disease have been identified over the past several years, including elevated homocysteine levels, elevated c-reactive protein, and apo-a. Homocysteine levels can be treated with folic acid supplements in the diet. Studies are still ongoing about the practical value of these new markers. Chest pain is a major symptom of heart attack, but in many cases the pain may be subtle or even completely absent, especially in the elderly and diabetics. Other symptoms such as weakness, shortness of breath, nausea, or vomiting may predominate. Heart attack accounts for 1 out of every 5 deaths. It is a major cause of sudden death in adults. Prevention Control cardiac risk factors whenever possible. Control blood pressure and total cholesterol levels, reduce or avoid smoking, modify diet if necessary (increase high density lipoproteins and decrease low density lipoproteins), control diabetes, and lose weight if obese. Follow an exercise program to improve cardiovascular fitness. (Consult your health care provider first.) After a heart attack, follow-up care is important to reduce the risk of developing a new heart attack. Often, a cardiac rehabilitation program is recommended to help you gradually return to a "normal" lifestyle. Follow the exercise, diet, and medication regimen prescribed by your doctor. Treatment A heart attack is a medical emergency! ...read more.


In March 2000, 29 NHF member organisations endorsed a pre-Budget submission to the Chancellor of the Exchequer prepared by ASH. uparrow14a1a4a2 Tobacco advertising Tobacco advertising is banned in several EU countries including Italy, Portugal, France and Finland. Experience from these countries and elsewhere shows that a ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship is an essential public health measure to protect people, especially children, from tobacco addiction. An effective ban must cover all print and media advertising, including indirect advertising which uses non-tobacco products to advertise tobacco brands, and sports sponsorship by tobacco companies. Passive smoking is a well-established risk factor in coronary heart disease and other diseases such as lung cancer. Strengthening legislation to reduce exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health measure benefiting both smokers � especially those trying to quit - and non-smokers alike. Around one in five workplaces does not have an effective policy to safeguard employees' health from passive smoking, and more than three million people are exposed to second-hand smoke at work.4 The NHF supports proposals for an Approved code of practice on smoking in the workplace introduced in the white paper, Smoking kills. The code sets out formal guidance on how the Health and Safety at Work Act should apply to passive smoking in the workplace. In October 1999, the NHF submitted a response to a consultation by the Health and Safety Commission on proposals for an Approved Code of Practice on passive smoking at work. Contact NHF for a copy of the response. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Humans as Organisms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Humans as Organisms essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Abortion case study

    3 star(s)

    killing him if that is the only way to defend personal and human values. It is concluded, then, that abortion is justified in these cases' If the woman has been raped then it may affect her mental health. Each time she looks upon the child she will have memories of the violence, the pain and the strife.

  2. Factors Affecting the Development of Coronary Heart Disease.

    on the walls of the arteries. For the heart to beat and pump blood normally, the heart muscle needs a non-stop supply of oxygen from the blood. If severe coronary artery disease is not treated, not enough blood reaches the heart.

  1. The Biological and Psychological Impact of Smoking Cigarettes

    Coronary heart disease is one of the main cardiovascular diseases caused by smoking. The disease is most usually caused by smoking, but high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, physical inactivity, obesity are also other independent risk factors that contribute to coronary heart disease(4).

  2. Diabetes Type 1 and 2

    This is because with this diabetes you still make insulin (unlike type 1 diabetes). However, you either do not make enough for your body`s needs, or the cells in your body are not able to use insulin properly. This can be called insulin resistance.

  1. HSC Module-Blueprint of Life

    * DUPLICATION: A section of the chromosome is copied on the same chromosome; that is, the same section of DNA appears twice * INVERSION: A section breaks off and is reattached the wrong way * TRANSLOCATION: A piece of DNA from one chromosome breaks off and attaches to a neighbouring

  2. Should people with diabetes 2 receive medical treatment?

    Fat is needed for insulation and to cushion and protect the internal organs. It is stored in adipose tissue as long term fuel. Fat is a concentrated form of energy and has more than double the calories found in the equivalent amount of protein or carbohydrate, but it is recommended

  1. Biology smoking coursework. Should smoking be banned in public places?

    skin perfusion 3?9 months Cough, wheeze, and breathing improve; lung function may improve by up to 10% 1 year Risk of myocardial infarction falls to about half that of a smoker 10 years Risk of lung cancer falls to about half that of a smoker 15 years Risk of myocardial

  2. Biology 1 Edexcel Science Overview Revision Notes.

    feeling week and tired 2. sudden pain, known as a sickle cell crisis, caused by sickled red blood cells forming clumps in the bloodstream, blocking blood flow to organs and causing organ damage Treatments include: Medication, lots of fluids and blood transfusion. Inheriting genetic disorders If a mutated allele is dominating or if the person

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work