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Yr2PBL1.1 Am I at Risk?

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Yr2PBL1.1 Am I at Risk? Heart attack Definition A heart attack is when an area of heart muscle dies or is damaged because of an inadequate supply of oxygen to that area. Heart disease Definition A disorder that affects the heart muscle or the blood vessels of the heart. A vascular disorder is a blood vessel problem, such as poor circulation caused by blockage (see peripheral vascular disease). 2.Describe Explain Risk Factors Causes, incidence, and risk factors Heart attacks are often caused by a clot that blocks one of the coronary arteries (the blood vessels that bring blood and oxygen to heart muscle). The clot prevents blood and oxygen from reaching that area of the heart, leading to the death of heart cells in that area. Usually, this occurs in a coronary artery that has been narrowed from changes related to atherosclerosis. The damaged heart tissue permanently loses its ability to contract. Scientists have still to unravel all the causes of heart disease. However, certain factors can increase your likelihood of developing it. These are known as risk factors. Some risk factors you cannot do very much about - such as your age, your gender or your ethnic group. Risk factors you do have some control over are what you eat, whether you smoke and the amount of exercise you take. Key risk factors include: Your age It has been recognised that the risk of developing coronary heart disease increases with age. ...read more.


Blood pressure at home, on the other hand, was not related to job stress level (78). Newer risk factors for coronary artery disease have been identified over the past several years, including elevated homocysteine levels, elevated c-reactive protein, and apo-a. Homocysteine levels can be treated with folic acid supplements in the diet. Studies are still ongoing about the practical value of these new markers. Chest pain is a major symptom of heart attack, but in many cases the pain may be subtle or even completely absent, especially in the elderly and diabetics. Other symptoms such as weakness, shortness of breath, nausea, or vomiting may predominate. Heart attack accounts for 1 out of every 5 deaths. It is a major cause of sudden death in adults. Prevention Control cardiac risk factors whenever possible. Control blood pressure and total cholesterol levels, reduce or avoid smoking, modify diet if necessary (increase high density lipoproteins and decrease low density lipoproteins), control diabetes, and lose weight if obese. Follow an exercise program to improve cardiovascular fitness. (Consult your health care provider first.) After a heart attack, follow-up care is important to reduce the risk of developing a new heart attack. Often, a cardiac rehabilitation program is recommended to help you gradually return to a "normal" lifestyle. Follow the exercise, diet, and medication regimen prescribed by your doctor. Treatment A heart attack is a medical emergency! ...read more.


In March 2000, 29 NHF member organisations endorsed a pre-Budget submission to the Chancellor of the Exchequer prepared by ASH. uparrow14a1a4a2 Tobacco advertising Tobacco advertising is banned in several EU countries including Italy, Portugal, France and Finland. Experience from these countries and elsewhere shows that a ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship is an essential public health measure to protect people, especially children, from tobacco addiction. An effective ban must cover all print and media advertising, including indirect advertising which uses non-tobacco products to advertise tobacco brands, and sports sponsorship by tobacco companies. Passive smoking is a well-established risk factor in coronary heart disease and other diseases such as lung cancer. Strengthening legislation to reduce exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health measure benefiting both smokers � especially those trying to quit - and non-smokers alike. Around one in five workplaces does not have an effective policy to safeguard employees' health from passive smoking, and more than three million people are exposed to second-hand smoke at work.4 The NHF supports proposals for an Approved code of practice on smoking in the workplace introduced in the white paper, Smoking kills. The code sets out formal guidance on how the Health and Safety at Work Act should apply to passive smoking in the workplace. In October 1999, the NHF submitted a response to a consultation by the Health and Safety Commission on proposals for an Approved Code of Practice on passive smoking at work. Contact NHF for a copy of the response. ...read more.

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