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“The family is symmetrical.” Discuss

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Introduction

"The family is symmetrical." Discuss In many societies, family life is organised around gender roles, so responsibilities within the family unit are often allocated to members according to their sex. This division of labour is often perceived to the product of a fundamental difference between the biological basis of men and women. However, this is a highly controversial assumption, usually applied to the cultural differences and what society needs and expects from the individual and the sexes. When referring to the 'symmetry' of the family, one is using the term to describe the equal division of conjugal roles. Early sociologists studied the effects of changing times within the family, and the impact this had on the division of roles. Elizabeth Bott developed the notions of 'segregated' and 'joint' conjugal roles, implying that the family is either symmetrical, or indeed, not. Joint conjugal roles are generally categorised by the sharing responsibilities, decision-making and leisure activities. Bott's research concluded that couples that have less dependency on social networks will generally share conjugal roles more equally. centering activities around the family unit and almost creating a microcosm within the household. With the reliance for support and leisure more heavily on the spouse rather than a separate circle of friends, centering activities around the family unit and almost creating a microcosm within the household. ...read more.

Middle

This complies with the results of a study completed by Fiona Devine in 1992, regarding car workers' families in Luton. An increasing number of women were working part-time, often resulting in a greater involvement by men with childcare, but not necessarily house-work. However, it was concluded that this involvement was generally due to financial needs, and the housework was still considered to be predominantly the work of the female. Martin and Roberts (1984) completed a study noting that when a woman takes on paid employment, there is only a marginal reduction in the time she spend on housework. Women are often perceived to continue with the burden of housework if their husbands are unemployed. However this view is generally varied -a higher reliance and association with male peer group generally makes them less likely. Such expectations of society implies that it is not necessarily a matter of role segregation, but a trend brought about by peer pressure. Home-centred men are seen to have a more "flexible approach to labour" as suggested by L. Morris, 1987. Women still often perceive an unfair balance within the household, whilst some argue that it is indeed a personal responsibility to do something about that within today's diverse society. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, this 'symmetry' within a family is generally considered to be an attribute to the modern, post-industrial, contemporary nuclear family. In an often conceivably post-modern world, one may perhaps look to the family as a post-modern entity; often beyond definition and categorical actualities. The diversity is so extreme that it is often hard to excruciating to place the term 'nuclear family' upon any clear definition. The family is an ever-changing notion, often in the loosest of terms, rapidly developing with surrounding sub-cultures and often idolising the current 'trend' which is being portrayed. The ideology of the family has never conclusively had the opportunity of a desirable amount of equality in order to 'choose' and share roles, without a certain breakdown of the original concept. One may consider that the family cannot be symmetrical, as surely it cannot stand still long enough to have the generalisation made within the present world. Although one could counter-argue that it is indeed this somewhat 'liberation' of equality which has resulted with the breakdown of the family. However, perhaps the most important objective is that a key issue with regard to examining the activities of the family, is that isolation from the rest of society is often necessary. One may consider that the segregation and distribution of conjugal roles in fact primarily a product of socialisation; despite how contemporary it may consider itself to be. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ayla Ozkan ...read more.

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