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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. Sociology Marriage Questionnaire Analysis

    Describe the design of the investigation, giving reasons for your choice (300 words): I will use a questionnaire to find out the views of different aged people about marriage because it is a quick and easy way to find out the different views. I won't use a different method because if I am not able to do an observation and it would take too long. The style of questions that I will use is the Lycart scale type of questions because these types of questions will not need an explanation and is easy to answer.

    • Word count: 915
  2. Marriage is in decline due to changing social attitudes

    Catholic weddings can be a burden, bringing too much hassle for the family. It can be very costly and couples are waiting until they have enough money to tie the knot. As people are getting less religious, cohabitation is becoming more popular. Cohabitation is where a couple are living together but not yet husband and wife. Cohabiting is an easier option; hence this is why more people choosing to do it. At one point cohabitating was unacceptable and was seen as 'living in sin'. Any child that wasn't born in wedlock was in some ways, parted from society and was treated as inferior.

    • Word count: 832
  3. Sociology - Family

    This would therefore reject the idea that the conventional nuclear family remains the norm, as fewer women are starting families but are in relationships for the sexual partnership. It could also suggest that cohabitation is overtaking the role and value of the traditional nuclear family. In contrast to Giddens' pro-diversity views, New Right theorists argue that the family is in decline and loosing its value within society. They say this is because there are higher divorce rates meaning more lone-parented families which, they contest, leads to delinquency in children.

    • Word count: 778
  4. Sociology - Family

    Murdock also says that the nuclear family provides four vital functions: sexual, reproduction, education and economic. He shows that through each of these functions, the individual will learn basic knowledge of socialisation, enabling them to fit in to society. These points provide some evidence that the nuclear family is the ideal institution in today's society. New Right sociologist Charles Murray also argues that the nuclear family is the best family type in society. He says that this institution has two role models which is vital for the upbringing of the children, as not only does it give them two people to look up to, but also two perspectives on situations throughout life.

    • Word count: 605
  5. Class Structure

    Peter Saunders now claims minority rule by a minority class has been replaced with a nation of stakeholders. However the continued existence of a 'power elite' controlling the majority of wealth and power has been well documented by John Scott. Manual work patterns have changed also, i.e. in the primary and secondary industry manual jobs have declined significantly, whilst service sector jobs have increased. The expansion of the Welfare state has caused professional and non manual jobs to increase, results in a bloated middle class. The traditional working class has also changed, with women becoming a more influential and important member of the work force.

    • Word count: 705
  6. Gender differnces in Crime

    During the late 1800s and early 1900s, theories of human behaviour tended to be deterministic. Major sociological explanations of crime (differential association, anomie, social disorganization) were emphasizing social and cultural factors that could account for female as well as male criminality. Some sociologists feel that economic marginalisation, through unemployment, inadequate welfare benefits and in some cases lone parent responsibility has added to increases in property offences e.g. shoplifting Self report studies imply that women are more likely to escape conviction, receiving cautions and fines rather than prison sentences.

    • Word count: 832
  7. Sociology Method

    this way you can explain the questions properly for them, also maybe by talking straight to me people will be more informative and they will open up to me. Despite all this my method does have its bad points; people may lie to me in interviews for fear of me judging them and just say what they think I want to hear. The people I want to interview are people in between 18 and 60 years old.

    • Word count: 595
  8. Sociology Evaluation of Method

    In my opinion my results are unreliable, but I believe that when talking to people about something as private as this, results will always be this as people feel awkward and don't want a stranger, or somebody from outside of the family to know their business. The participants I believe were the correct ones to interview and had enough experience and met with my criteria, the problem which I found though was that I hadn't interviewed enough; I only interviewed one of each that I wanted.

    • Word count: 832
  9. Is sociology a science?

    It is the study of human social life by any means that are effective. In sociology, statistics are collected and analysed and human behaviour is observed. Many of the initiators of sociology are convinced that it is conceivable to create a science of society based on the same principles and methods as the natural scientists. This attempt to apply natural science approaches to sociology is called positivism. Positivists, such as Auguste Comte and Karl Popper believe that the same techniques and processes used by scientists can be applied to social sciences.

    • Word count: 881
  10. Sociological Introduction.

    I am also going to investigate any possible reasons for a changing pattern and attempt to put these within the nation context, effecting educational attainment. Lastly, I want to research how the perceptions of students and their parents in Harlow, based on the standard of secondary education, reflect the statistical analysis.

    • Word count: 800
  11. Feral Children

    Although these cases are rare and quite unbelievable, unfortunately, it does happen. The consequences often stick within the individual's brain throughout their lifespan. Genetics is still playing its part in these cases. After all, if it hadn't the individuals would not be one gender or the other nor would they have survived, instinct has made them find food and excrete. These attributes have been inherited from the individual's genes. Genie is an aptly named 'wild child' who, until the age of 13, suffered extreme isolation.

    • Word count: 558
  12. Sociology is not, cannot be, and should not be a science.

    Also within this debate are two theoretical positions; positivism and interpretivism. Positivist theory is based on the belief that explanations and knowledge should be based on empirical scientific method. Interpretivist theory supports the view that all knowledge is a matter of interpretation; how events and phenomena are understood in terms of how the people involved perceive. Sociology is a science. Positivists view ideas, thought and mind as scientists see atoms. They suggest that a sociologist should be "in the same state of mind as the physicist, chemist or physiologist when he probes into a still unexplored region of the scientific domain" (Durkheim).

    • Word count: 672
  13. 'The main function of religion is to provide people with a code of behavior which regulates personal and social life' Assess the extent to which sociological argument support this view of religion in modern society.

    He says that, "collective worship has a crucial social significance" as it constantly unifies the group; this frequent unification means that bonds between individual and the supernatural are reinforced by "re-pledging their support for values and beliefs". This shows that there is no worship towards a 'God'; it is simply to justify their beliefs. Durkheim also deems that "As society develops, it becomes more speicalised", this is based on the Functionalist idea of 'The division of labour'. As Industrialization created more specialist jobs through its evolution, through Religions Evolution it has also become more specialised, it "weakens the collective conscience".

    • Word count: 881
  14. usefulness of quantitative and qualitative sources of data in studying suicide

    There may be a risk of bias in the way the researcher interprets qualitative data. Qualitative methods also have the problem of being difficult to replicate so they raise the issue of lack of reliability. Quantitative methods, however, may be more reliable but often lack validity as they involve collecting numerical data under often controlled conditions. Essentially, different types of research situations may be more suited to qualitative or quantitative methods. However, in many situations qualitative and quantitative methods may actually complement each other and researchers can benefit from the advantages of each.

    • Word count: 742
  15. secondry data on why people vote

    2001 578 72.4 2005 554 67.6 This table has shown me to focus mainly on the labour and conservative parties due to them dominating the political agenda. This means that the labour and conservatives are the two which mainly debate over the policies. I researched the BBC news web pages to look into the main political bodies so I had a full awareness of all the other parties registered with the electoral commission. These are some of the constituencies found in the UK: Labour Conservatives Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Ulster Unionist Party SDLP Democratic Unionist Party Sinn

    • Word count: 933
  16. Once Upon A Time in America

    The plot of this movie fits in well with all the three major theoretical perspectives in Sociology: the Conflict Theory, Symbolic Interactionism, and Functional Analysis. One can find a lot of examples of the conflict theory throughout this movie. It is a story most of us have heard many times. The boys grow up, make their own gang, fight their enemies, chase their lovers, and eventually wind up in betrayal. But the story is not told from all their points of view.

    • Word count: 739
  17. Family and Households

    They also pursued justice on behalf of one another; if one family member were hard done by; all the other family members would help sort it out. The pre-industrial societies were largely based on extended kinship networks; land and other resources were commonly owned by a range of relatives that extended well beyond the unit of the nuclear family. It was very common for families to work alongside their cousins and even live with them. This extended family was responsible for the production of the shelter, food and clothing for the family.

    • Word count: 624
  18. The ethics of IVF treatment.

    This issue has been in the news recently, when Natallie Evans lost her appeal to the European Court of Human Rights to use her and her ex-partners embryos against his will. The first piece of media I am going to use is an article from 'The Guardian' which has the headline "Woman loses battle to use frozen embryos created with her ex-fiance". It says a woman who was left infertile by ovarian cancer lost a five-year long battle for her right to use the frozen embryos that she created with her former partner.

    • Word count: 718
  19. School Newsletter

    We were given a deadline as to when we had to submit the articles to the editors, and once our stories had been written, we then sent them to the editors via email who would comment, edit and then submit to be published in the newsletter. Throughout the year, I wrote three articles about recent events and issues affecting our school community. An issue I researched was the school's proposal to the council to move to another location in West Ealing.

    • Word count: 645
  20. Free essay

    I am not convinced that it is a familys fault that they are living in poverty. There are many things that cause it.

    I believe that this is one of the leading factors in poverty. There are many children who would love to have an education, but they haven't additional resources to survive if they don't contribute to the well being of their family. Poor health lowers the amount of work impoverished unhealthy individuals can do, their income becomes lower and they fall deeper into poverty. Disease such as HIV/AIDS or malaria can cut off a major source of income for a family and can also result in high medical costs that many impoverished families cannot afford or even death.

    • Word count: 674
  21. Pre-industrial society and the views on children

    This was primarily because children were seen as small adults, being labelled as such meant that children took responsibility for themselves, if children were too young to work then they were expected to look after younger siblings. Crimes such as theft were punishable as severely and children caught stealing could face being hung, theses children probably didn't know that it was wrong to steal as they had noone to set an example for them. Parents were working for over 75 hours per week and just simply did not have enough time to worry and care about their children, the parents worked for this long so that they could afford simple things such as basis food and shelter.

    • Word count: 786
  22. Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society differently

    By comforting people it dilutes the demand for change, religion stupefies its adherents adhere than bringing them true happiness. For Marxists religion also acts as a mechanism of social control by keeping people in their place. It does this by making difficult lives bearable which discourages people from changing their situation. Religion offers an illusion of hope in hopeless situation and by providing justifications for society religion distorts reality and helps to produce false consciousness. The ruling classes also adopt religious beliefs to justify their dominance i.e.

    • Word count: 730
  23. Analyse of myself

    At School I am a student the norm is that it is expected that I sit and do my work, participate when required and it is my responsibility to do my homework which I do, do which is more than I can say for what I do at home.

    • Word count: 503
  24. The power of democracy.

    One of the main differences between the early and the modern democracies is that the early democracy of Athens was a direct one, i.e., people had the right to pass laws themselves while a modern democracy (e.g. Malta) is a representative one, i.e., people choose, by means of elections, the person to represent them in parliament. Before, laws passed "from the hands of the many" while today the pass from the hands of the few. This is one of the few things that the modern democracy lost.

    • Word count: 722
  25. canteen food

    Mzizima's canteen has a very poor quality of food that leads to many health problems. For example, the canteen provides French fries which are rich in carbohydrates. The fat content of the oil in which the potatoes are fried is too saturated and brings about obesity in students,. A lot of oil is deposited in their body which forms a layer around their hearts. Studies show that: "Most students, 95% of the men and 70% of women consume too much of Junk food provided in schools that causes hypertension"1.

    • Word count: 714

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