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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. Assess the claim that Religion is a Conservative Force

    This existed for two thousand years, and huge inequalities between the different castes were explained, justified and maintained by religious beliefs, particularly that of reincarnation. In simple terms this meant that Hindus believed that only if they strictly obeyed the rules of their caste then they would consequently be reincarnated into a higher caste. Failure to obey caste rules also resulted in punishment in this life, not just in the afterlife, with people who committed offences having to go through ritual purification to be reinstated.

    • Word count: 891
  2. In this investigation, I am trying to find out the public people's opinions about the topic, racism

    On the other hand, racial discrimination is when people are treated unequally/differently simply because they belong to a particular ethnic minority group. Questions, which are essential to this coursework, included among other things how people reacted when bullied and how they were ultimately affected psychologically and mentally. Respondents were chosen as to their ethnicity and their social class.

    • Word count: 441
  3. Critically evaluate the functionalist view of the family.

    Several functionalist sociologists have tried to explain the relevance of families in society, and the reasons (other then the obvious biological reason) as to why they exist. One such sociologist is American Talcott Parsons (1955). Parsons based his views on a sample of "modern North American" families, he believed that the family had become a great deal more specialised and that other institutions have taken over some of the important roles that used to be addressed by the family, for example looking after the elderly have been taken over by institutions such as hospices.

    • Word count: 558
  4. "Ethics in Research"

    Of course these advances can be useful to a thriving society, but is it morally right? Where do we draw the line for what is necessary and what is possible? In social-scientific research, the same problems arise. We see issues that cause moral conflict concerning a variety of sources that affect society. Many authors and researchers alike face the problem of biases, which is the issue of trying to appeal equal and moral to all groups of society. Whether researching biomedical, social-sciences, history, or any other topic, it is necessary to maintain and recognize ethical issues that may arise.

    • Word count: 892
  5. Ancient American civilizations

    Tribal bands were typically nomadic, moving around the various terrains in a given area. Their movements were often repetitious, and would mostly occur because of food migrations or seasonal plant changes. Tribal groups that engaged in slash and burn methods tended to move less frequently than the other tribal bands, as this type of farming provided stable output. In Ancient America, the tribal civilizations mainly survived by subsistence farming, this in turn kept their populations low. Villages and tribes had leaders or in some case chiefs, who displayed exceptional abilities in communal activities (hunting or battle), which led to their authority.

    • Word count: 732
  6. 'The dissolution of the monasteries was a disaster for many but a golden opportunity for few. Is this true?'

    The effects on the people were first seen to be huge in size indicating that many people were displaced and forced to become accustomed to a lower standard of living. Monks and nuns were often the ones portrayed to be out starving on the streets, their ordered way of life suddenly ended after being cast out into a turbulent and fast changing world. In reality only 1500 out of 8000 monks could not find alternative paid employment within the church with which to supplement their pensions.

    • Word count: 949
  7. Compare the ways in which women are presented in one key scene from Disney's Sleeping Beauty (1954) and one from Disney's Mulan (1998).

    It tells the story of a young girl, who has been put asleep by a fairy. The spell cannot be broken until a prince kisses her. The tagline is: "Wondrous to see, glorious to hear and magnificent new motion picture." Sleeping Beauty was made and produced in the 1950's at this time of life, society was recognised in Disney films to be where the girl is blonde and wants to be saved by the strong prince and that is what the majority of girls wanted to be like at the time. However Mulan is modern and it turns out that she is the heroine.

    • Word count: 617
  8. Noughts and Crosses by Malorie Blackman

    Sephy does not really like this idea at first and thinks "Yeuk" and wrinkles up her nose. However, she eventually agrees though says, "Make it fast!" They kiss very awkwardly and Callum says, "If you can't kiss your friends then who can you kiss!" This shows that they still feel too young to have a relationship but at this stage there is no real worries for either of them, although, Callum seems distant at times. These quotations tell the first stage of a long and difficult relationship to come.

    • Word count: 891
  9. Assess the view that poverty is the main cause of social class differences in educational achievement

    Similarly, during the sixties sociologists believed that the low attainment of many working class children resulted from material deprivation. A middle class child would have access to many books, internet access, extra tuition etc which would help them to attain better grades. However working class pupils are more likely to live in poor conditions and have an unhealthy diet which could lead to tiredness and ill health. In support of this a recent study by Machin 2003 suggested that traditionally many working class students left school at an early age because they were put off by the high costs of higher education, as their parents couldn't afford to support them.

    • Word count: 678
  10. Write about a selection of Saki's stories. What impression do they create of the world of adult-child relationships?

    somehow trying to get into the gooseberry garden, but instead has no intention of doing so but does sneak into the Lumber Room. Another key theme that appears in these stories is that the children in all the stories are seen as innocent. This is shown in Saki's story "The Open Window" when the Mr Nuttel believes the nieces story because he has no reason to think that a fifteen year old girl has any reason to lie, especially about something as horrible as death.

    • Word count: 540
  11. Asian Values: Do they exist

    Often seen in the context of religion, Taoism, Islam and Buddhism have fashioned or influenced the basis of many values. Despite some minor differences in the value systems of these religions, they generally agree on certain areas. These include a stress on the community rather than the individual, a reliance on the moral fabric of human relations and conventions, a particular emphasis on thriftiness and hard work, and a respect for political leadership amongst others.

    • Word count: 496
  12. In The Knight, the knight is an epitome of human society, yet his appearance doe not portray his true self. Do you agree?

    "The soles of his feet glitter", evoking a feeling that every little detail of his armour blazes, even the soles of his feet, which would not normally see much light at all because they face down towards the earth. The knight's outward appearance illustrates the mask that all of us put on in front of other people, whether to please or manipulate others. However, towards the end of the first paragraph, we start to see that things are not all they seem, that not all that glitters is gold.

    • Word count: 903
  13. Over the years Sociologists have argued that people with similar social characteristics tend to vote for the same parties. This usually goes for Social Class.

    This is where children where socialised into following there parents party identification and their party loyalty. Along with Partisan Alignment there is also Partisan Dealignment. This refers to the weakening of a party loyalty and identification and the weakening of class-based voting (Class Dealignment). According to Bo Sarlvick and Ivor Crewe (1983) there was evidence of Partisan Dealignment in the 1970's where less than half the voters consistently voted for the same party in four general elections. However Sarlvick and Crewe argued that the main reason for partisan Dealignment is a process of Class Dealignment, which refers to a decline in class-based voting. There have been many different proposals put through for the reasoning behind Dealignment.

    • Word count: 862
  14. Being part of an anti-school subculture whilst in education and the likelihood of becoming a binge drinker.

    He omitted the concept 'binge' though! Perhaps that is just a reflection of social change. To re-cap, then, I am investigating the possibility of there being a causal link between anti-school subcultures and binge drinking. . I have decided to conduct my research in a localised context. The area of study will in my local town of Wem, best described as a lovely rural town to bring up young children, but less desirable when they reach adolescence because there are so few facilities for them to involve themselves in.

    • Word count: 632
  15. Reflection on teaching placement

    I begin to circulate the room to assess students and to keep students on task. One student in particular will just sit back, talk, and laugh if allowed. I went up to the students and sat down beside him. After sitting down I said come on lets work through this problem. The students reply was that he does not belong in this class, and that he does not like and can't do math. I said come on Forest lets try to work through this together. Forest attempted to work through the problem as I had asked of him.

    • Word count: 766
  16. How Have Socialists Sought To Promote Collectivism

    It is the belief that the group is an entity itself, more important than the sum of the individuals. The individuals become secondary to the collective. Their well-being and even their lives are ignored if the group has something to gain. Individuals are not recognized. They are merely a tool for the group. Collectivism is a form of anthropomorphism. It attempts to see a group of individuals as having a single identity similar to a person. The collective is claimed to have ideas, and can think. It has purpose, and it acts to achieve goals. It even has a personality, called culture.

    • Word count: 802
  17. Issues and Trends - Cohabitation

    In order for cohabitation to be successful, each individual must form an identity of their own first. According to Erik Erikson's Eight Stages of Life, one must have a clear sense of who they are before they are able to share themselves with another individual. Erikson argues that without a true identity formed relationships would be shallow. It has been discovered that youth are entering more serious relationships at younger ages and are living together at a younger age. This new trend adds to the sixty three percent of cohabitating couples who eventually marry. Many young couples decide to cohabitate before they are mature enough to be accountable for another person.

    • Word count: 512
  18. What Science Fiction themes are present in E.M Forster's short story The Machine Stops? Give evidence from the text to support your answer

    We are told that they live in a hexagonal shape room, small in size. This gives and impression of a prison like form. Because people live under ground and are being controlled by the machine they have become dependant on it. Kuno is the only one who can see what the machine is doing. While Vashti is saying "do not say bad things about the machine" this shows Vashti is sticking up for the machine and is happy with it controlling her. But she doesnt no its controlling her. Kuno also say's "man made the machine" which is true but nothing can be done about it now.

    • Word count: 880
  19. Social Role Play and the Search For Identityin Chopin's Desiree's Baby

    And what a human life is but an everlasting search for the right word that would complete the sentence. As if we could complete it, our personality will be completed as well. And after years of searching, finding and again searching, we finally understand that there are so many 'I ams' some of which have no logical explanation or certain definition and all are subjected to so many social and personal factors. Nevertheless I will turn to one literary interpretation, Kate Chopin's Desiree's baby. Here I would mention that it concerns not only women's social role but also gives voice to some racial issues that still plagued Chopin's South.

    • Word count: 655
  20. The Regency Era, generally referring to the time period of 1800-1820, was undeniably a time of pleasure seeking and over-indulgence

    During the reign of George I, fighting with swords became obsolete and battles were settled with fists. Boxing began to improve and rise in popularity in 1788 when the three eldest sons of George III began to give their support to the sport (Georgian Index). Bare-knuckle boxing was a favorite amongst the Regency gentlemen and was more than a spectator sport, there was a large amount of betting, and many of the gently born participated. In the mid-1700s, Jack Broughton completed the first set of rules to be used at bouts in his club. Not counting cock fighting, these rules were the first applied to sporting events in modern history (GI).

    • Word count: 876
  21. Should men and women re-take their natural position in society? My answer to this, is no!

    Before, women were meant to stay home, clean, cook and bring up children. And men were supposed to work, come home and expect their dinner on the table. Still in society today there is a barrier between men and women, maternity and paternity leave, divorce settlements and position in jobs, are a few examples. Where would we be today without Marie Curie who discovered the element radium. Which opened the door to deep changes in the way scientists thought about matter and energy and also found cures for many dangerous diseases.

    • Word count: 430
  22. Night Waitress" by Lynda Hull is a poem that describes the feelings of a waitress that works the night shift of a diner

    These two characters are both related in their ways of life and their classes in our society. They both make just enough money to get by and often think about what it would be like to be of a higher class. In "Night Waitress" the speaker often brings up the thought of feeling of feeling trapped in her private world.

    • Word count: 350
  23. Assignment 5: Dichotomous key

    The first organism presented in this assignment is a starfish. Starfish fall into the class Asteroidea. Starfish have a regular body shape with radial symmetry. It has arms which extend from a central disk and has a knobby body surface. Using these physical characteristics, we would classify the starfish into the Kingdom Animalia, phylum Echinodermata, and class Asteroidea. The second organism is a species of bird. Again using the dichotomous key, we find that this organism has a regular body shape.

    • Word count: 669
  24. Do macro-sociological approaches or micro-sociological approaches tell us more about why some pupils under-achieve in school?

    Durkheim believed that the major function of education was the transmission of society's norms and values. He claimed that schools perform two central functions, relating to social cohesion and the division of labour. In order to exist society members must share common beliefs and values - these are only partially taught by the family. The school continues this process and broadens the forms of behaviour and shares beliefs of the children. In modern societies the division of labour holds society so that schools train people for the different jobs available.

    • Word count: 987
  25. The extent to which families have become 'Symmetrical' has been greatly exaggerated. Discuss

    attractive to the husband; in working class families the tedious nature of jobs leads members of the family to be more 'home-centred' rather than 'work-centred' like the middle-class. Despite all the reasons for the rise of the symmetrical family, many sociologists (particularly female) argue that the extent to which families are symmetrical has been greatly exaggerated. Anne Oakley for example found that Willmott and Young used inadequate methodology in their research producing results which do not give an accurate picture of the family, her own research gives a contrasting image of conjugal roles to that of Willmott and Young.

    • Word count: 865

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