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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. Outline some of the Background to the present role of home care workers within community care policy and explain why this role is important within the policy

    Foucault noted that a black man, because of the colour of his skin is often seen as a deviant, likewise, a teenager, because of their age as rebellious. These views then give society power in naming and categorising these people because of how they look, and not who they are. (Reader, Pini, p. 161) I will use myself as an example; I am white, I have blue eyes, I am Scottish, I am female. These are predestined features, which determine who I am, but I have power to change many features relating to my body, like the colour of my

    • Word count: 2023
  2. Assess the view that the modern family is symmetrical

    However, the number of women in paid employment is very dependant on her personal circumstances, with the number of married or cohabiting women in paid employment outweighing the number of lone mothers in paid employment. Possible explanations for this include the financial disincentive of benefits, rising housing costs and the lack of affordable childcare, and the fact that while cohabiting or married mothers have to work to help towards the financial responsibilities faced by the family, many lone mothers face continuing poverty whether they are engaged in paid employment or relying on state benefits (Family Policy Studies Centre).

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    In order to draw a comparison I will go on to give an account of present day theories like that of Hamnett, Saunders, Forrest and others, and investigate whether the entitled contention is justifiable. Social class is a concept which identifies certain groups within society that share common characteristics, over and above all, in terms of wealth, to create a somewhat hierarchical system of social stratification. Two prominent theories surrounding social class are that of Marx and Weber. Marxist and Neo-Marxist theorists base class on the capitalist job market, with its unequal power relations between the owners of capital (or the means of production)

    • Word count: 2153
  4. The following essay will use the ideas of Durkheim to construct my social biography .First part of this essay will discuss Durkheim theory in general , and part two will attempt to apply Durkheim ideas to my social biography

    Before we can discuss Emile Durkheim theory it will be important to familiarise ourselves with the meaning of norms .Norms according to Durkheim refers Expectations or rules (often unwritten) that forbid or encourage certain social behaviors ( Giddens, 1997). Many different people, from many different backgrounds can define society in many different ways. To some it is the community they live in, to others it is the entity that shapes their lives, and yet to others, it is an exclusive club in which they're a member of.

    • Word count: 2535
  5. As a forty-four year old lady with a family, I was very nervous about boarding the R.M.S Titanic, for the sakes of my whole entire family. Recently my daughter Dorothy almost drowned in a well

    Recently my daughter Dorothy almost drowned in a well, and being superstitious and believing in this, the local myth was that a person saved from drowning would one day die the same way, I boarded the R.M.S Titanic in great fear. The ship was now ready for its departure after a very long nervous wait. Sounds of funnels blowing steam, steaming and churning, it was about to become a famous landmark, about to create history, that I know is for certain, yet at this point in time my family and I had no idea of what was about to come.

    • Word count: 2715
  6. Maggie, an Anti-type of a Victorian woman - The Mill on the Floss

    Eliot presents Maggie's great enthusiasm for learning and studying, and we can observe her high intelligence when she goes so far in her imaginative ponderings on whatever she hears or sees, "I gave Spouncer a black eye, I know; that's what he got by wanting to leather me; I wasn't going to go halves because anybody leathered me." "Oh, how brave you are, Tom! I think you're like Samson. If there came a lion roaring at me, I think you'd fight him, wouldn't you, Tom?"

    • Word count: 2051
  7. With reference to female sexuality, evaluate to which a Foucauldian analysis enables a full discussion and analysis.

    They all search outside the body, the body are the sites of the illness but the illness itself is caused by external factors. Much Western medicine merely treats physical symptoms as opposed to more holistic treatments, which treat the person as a whole, linking the relationship between the social, mental, emotional and physical. Sociological perspectives give very different accounts of the role of medical knowledge and of the social causes of disease. Marxists place emphasis on the causal role of a conflictual and exploitative industrial capitalist society, which prioritises profit ahead of health.

    • Word count: 2681

    "Six o'clock." The punctuation of this line presents the meaning of this poem through its form. The position of this line breaks the rhythm and sound patterns. It stands out because it is not in the traditional verse form that a reader expects. The mere fact that it is "Six o'clock" and this is isolated demonstrates the automation of society. Their lives have become so mechanical that time rules their existence .This line directly follows the "smell of steaks in passageways".

    • Word count: 2126
  9. To what extent is it possible to demonstrate that a sociological analysis of the body and its varied states shed 'light' on the experiences of embodiment?

    In contrast to sociological theories are those within the biological essentialist paradigm, whose explanations reduce the understanding of the body into terms of the physiological and absolute. This essay will attempt to illustrate the importance of the sociological explanation in understanding the body and its varied states, whilst highlighting the limitations of the more essentialist approach. The health and illness of the human body has traditionally been defined in terms of the biomedical model, which is based upon the reliance of scientific facts.

    • Word count: 2361
  10. Defined, Labeled, and Identified: A critique of gender and race ideology

    In other words, Gender Studies theorist believe that cultural implications and constructions are what define masculinity and femininity. Race critics, on the other hand, often focus on the labels that are placed on minority groups by those who represent the majority who is in power. Respectively, two critics, Chandra Talpade Mohanty (engaging gender) and bell hooks (race), each take on aspects of these two fields. A third critic, Mae Gwendolyn Henderson, takes a step further as she engages both gender and race.

    • Word count: 2716
  11. To what extent do the concepts of 'inclusion' and 'exclusion' characterise the nature of social control in late modernity?Consider the concept of 'risk' in your analysis.

    With both these concepts working on and off in our society, they create and form of social control "... which refers to social mechanisms that regulate individual and group behaviour, in terms of greater sanctions and rewards"3. It is this social control that keeps human beings following norms and values that are accepted by society. With inclusion and exclusion working together in society, this means that the law and its rules can work efficiently to keep society together. For example, imagine there are four elements in our society: The Law, the Education System, Family and Religion; and it is these four elements that keep society running smoothly and intact.

    • Word count: 2049
  12. From an urban sociological perspective, to outline one aspect of what a city is. Cities by their very nature are in a continual state of flux and transition, no sooner does one section of the city

    Cities by their very nature are in a continual state of flux and transition, no sooner does one section of the city settle into a recognisable form, it begins to change. Such processes usually take place over decades and centuries and thus can be recognised and researched. One such process is Gentrification, which predominantly takes place in small enclaves of the inner city in developed countries and provides an area to study the patterns of social urban transition due to the attitudes and culture of those involved in the process.

    • Word count: 2081
  13. Against the background of Marxist views on Law, State, Class, and Property analyse the critique of 'Religion' and 'The Family'.

    This can be seen in societies such as the antipodean aborigines or the American Indians. However, the emergence of the capitalist system generated classes whose interests are in fundamental conflict. The role of the state within a capitalist society involves the necessity to hold 'class antagonism in check'. It can be said that the 'state' is shaped and controlled by 'the most powerful economic dominant class.'1 1. Engels - Origins of the Family, Private Property and the State (1884) Lenin summarised the 'state' as 'a product and manifestation of the irreconcilability of class contradiction'. He said that the state arises where and when and to the extent that class contradiction cannot be reconciled and conversely the existence of the state proves that class contradictions are irreconcilable.

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  14. Gender oppression and how this manifests in education and society.

    Oppression suppresses the natural self-expression and emotions of others (http.wikipedia.org 2005). A person or group of people may experience oppression as result of two or more social divisions intertwining. Neil Thompson (2001) proposes a model to understand the different levels on which discrimination and oppression operates - the personal, cultural, and structural model known as PCS analysis. It highlights the problems that show discrimination operating at different levels, each reinforcing and being reinforced by other levels. The letter 'P' refers to the personal level, that of thoughts and feelings.

    • Word count: 2720
  15. "No matter what class we are born into we are all equal under the law," how true is this statement?

    It appears to be apparent, from statistics, that the criminal justice system seems to control those in society who are from a lower class, i.e. less affluent people. As Reiman (1995) notes about 45% of the U.S. prison population are unemployed, and for those who are employed earn less than $10,000 prior to their arrest. So what about the crime that exist within the upper classes? The upper class crime is extremely different from lower class crime, as the upper class tend to be affluent therefore certain crimes, such as theft, wont be committed.

    • Word count: 2197
  16. Max Weber (1864 - 1920)

    This 'purposive rational action' is steered by the 'media' of the state, which substitute for oral language as the medium of the co-ordination of social action. There is then antagonism between these two principles of societal integration - language, orientated to understanding, and 'media', which are systems of success orientated action. The same 'disunity of reason' caused by the separation of science, morality and art means that cultural production moves from a collective basis to a commodified basis led by individuals orientated to their own success rather than to a collective well being.

    • Word count: 2149
  17. "Gangsta's Paradise"By Coolio

    "According to a study teens involved or around a lot of violence show signs of serious mental disorders including drug or alcohol abuse, conduct disorder, post-traumatic stress, depression and suicidal tendencies" (Everding). In the Ghetto making the wrong move can cost a person his or her life. "You betta watch how ya talking, and where ya walking, or you and your homies might be lined in chalk" (Coolio, 8-10). Being in the wrong place, saying the wrong thing or even being associated with the wrong people can cost a boy his life.

    • Word count: 2270
  18. One is not born, but rather becomes a woman' (de Beauvoir 1956). Discuss the sociological arguments for and against this statement and it's relevance to men and women in modern society.

    At the present time even though women are beginning to take part in the affairs of the world, she argues that it is still a world that belongs to men. According to De Beauvoir's view, genes do not determine the way that men and women behave or think nor do they force us to act 'masculine' or 'feminine'. Rather, our cultural environment shapes our gender characteristics. Societies inhibit gender patterns and project them through socialisation. From birth we are trained to behave and conform to how society expects a male to act, and a female to act.

    • Word count: 2388
  19. Trace the development of the idea of Progress in the18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.

    Vico also presents a better understanding of the idea of progress and classifies three stages through out the historical progress. For Vico "age of gods," "age of heroes" and "age of people" are the three stages in the historical progress. This classification is also very similar to Comte's law of three stages. Age of gods is the first step where theocratic system has emerged, where as the age of heroes refers to the monarchic systems. Heroes who are semi-god semi-human were the main element of this stage.

    • Word count: 2147
  20. Children are born to succeed or fail

    My observations from my work experience will be a good form of primary evidence as it will be my own observations and they will not be biased and will tell the truth. One of the main sources of my secondary evidence will be a sociology textbook under the name of "An Introduction to Sociology" by Ken Browne. I will also be using a few source booklets which contain a large amount of useful government statistics. I am going to write this assignment by collecting all my evidence.

    • Word count: 2869
  21. Methodology For my study, I am investigating roles within middle class homes and whether roles have become more joint in recent years. I also want to know their opinion on the household chores do at home.

    I am keen to find out whether domestic roles within these households have become more joint. The principal research method I will be using is a quantitative questionnaire containing closed ended questions. The questionnaire will be distributed to marital couples so they can give their views on conjugal roles. I will then use the data gathered to produce graphs to observe if there have been any significant changes in modern British society. Hypothesis: Conjugal roles in modern middle class families are increasingly becoming more joint. I am interested to see whether women are still expected to perform a variety of tasks within the home or whether the roles in the household have become more joint.

    • Word count: 2367
  22. Outline Some Of The Key Tenets Of The Functionalist, Marxist and Interactionist Theories Of Education And Give Some Critical Evaluation Of Each

    Both of the functions achieve different but overlapping goal. Transmitting norms and values promotes social solidarity. Differentiation matches skills to societal needs and supports society's economic needs. Another theory of the functionalists is that the school serves a function which the child's family and peer group cannot provide. This is because being part of a family is based on kinship relationships and therefore doesn't really involve the child making a choice, the child gains automatic membership to the family when it is born.

    • Word count: 2309
  23. I predict that girls do better at GCSEs in Samuel Whitbread Community College than boys because boys don't work as hard as they should as they

    Although boys could become lawyers, doctors and onto a higher education. This was because in society at the time it was considered the man's duty to be the breadwinner and the women staying home to look after the children. ACTION PLAN I am investigating find out why girls do better than boys at GCSE. In my investigation I am going to refer to my hypothesis and: * Hand out between 25-30 questionnaire asking teachers and students if boys adopt a 'laddish anti-learning culture'. (1 week) * I will do secondary research by collecting information from books and the Internet and compare the results from them to see if the match hypothesis.

    • Word count: 2098
  24. Critically Examine the Subcultural Approach to Crime and Deviance.

    In this sense, Merton is arguing that individuals can experience anomie not because normative guide-lines do not exist, but rather because they are unable (or unwilling) to behave in ways that conform to such norms. In his work, Merton explored the idea that, in American society, there existed a lack of fit between the socially-produced goals for people's behaviour and the means through which they could achieve these desirable ends. In effect, what Merton was arguing was: People were encouraged, through the socialisation process, to want certain things out of life.

    • Word count: 2750
  25. Coursework prose study

    Mrs Marroner at first feels furious with the girl and her husband for deceiving her in this way but her anger soon turns into pity for the girl and she feels outraged at the way her husband treated bother her and the girl. She sees this not only as a crime against her but also against womanhood. She then leaves her home and husband to live in seclusion and secrecy with Gerta and the baby that she helps to raise.

    • Word count: 2123

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