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It is rather like a group of cells that join together to make a body part. That part is useless unless it has other parts to which it can then join onto in order to make the whole bodywork. The idea of an ideal family then is one that makes and breaks a whole society. If one of the parts of the unit breaks down in this case the family then this will have repercussions for the rest of the institutions that we hold in high regard in our society.
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In others words, valued resources are unequally distributed among individual in society. This cause society to be divided into levels or strata where those who belong to a particular group or stratum will have awareness of common interest, a common identity and share a similar lifestyle. This would distinguish them from members of other strata. These levels or strata are ranked hierarchical order in terms of superiority and inferiority. Persons or groups in a higher ranked stratum have greater access to valued resources such as power, prestige, wealth, and privilege than the persons at the bottom or in the lower ranked stratum.
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This means that society is a unit of elements working together in order to maintain social order. This stems from the idea promoted by Durkheim that religion is a form of "social cement". This statement means that religion provides values which "hold society together". In this way he believed that religion created stability, identity and a "collective conscience" which kept social order and reduced social change, revolution and conflict. In this way the functionalist perspective does not believe that religion causes conflict and division. Within this viewpoint Parson's has also developed the opinion that religion allows social solidarity to take place by formally setting out the parameters of behaviour and social expectations.
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There is a heavy dependence on peers and a strong need for the "self" to be accepted by them. This also includes concerns about appearance (thin girls and strong boys), self-consciousness and the development of active sexuality. In addition to this, the adolescent starts to spend a significant amount of time thinking about what they want to become as adults. With this, comes the extreme pressure for academic achievement combined with personal development. It is in the nature of gifted students to demonstrate characteristics such as unusual retentiveness, advanced comprehension and logical-mathematical thought, ability to think in abstract terms, solve complex problems, generalize and ability to see unusual/ diverse relationships.
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a reciprocal "social contract" which is seen as the "core idea of corporate social responsibility" These definitions encapsulate the notion that business has a responsibility to society as a whole, aside from the basic profit maximising ideas dictated by traditional free-market theory. in direct contrast from the classical economic sense of increasing shareholder wealth (Friedman, 1970) that it is a 'fundamentally a subversive doctrine'. In the pharmaceutical industry has ia system that produces drugs in two categories. Category A would include drugs for conditions like hypertension and diabetes, which affect people in both rich and poor countries, so there is a benefit for the drug company that occurs both ways.
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All humans have basic needs like food shelter clothing and also have the right to have a part in society at whatever level that person wants to fit in. To assist in this and the idea of social inclusion and to meet these needs the welfare state was created after the compilation of the Beveridge Report 1942 which is the main ideal of the British welfare state it was to create a vision of how there could be a better society and a better way of living.
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The structuralist perspective places great emphasis on socialisation as the key to social identity being constructed. It's sees socialisation as a great influence in terms of the way people are labelled and categorised into certain structures of cultural identities. For symbolic interactionists, such as Cooley who developed the 'looking-glass self theory', he stated that once an individual had established his own self-awareness, they would then use the behaviours of others towards them as a 'mirror' in which is a reflection of the image the individual is and this creates their identity.
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Cinematic identification involves two different tendencies. Firstly there is the dreaming and fantasy that involves the multiple and contradictory tendencies within the construction of the individual. Secondly there is the experience of the narcissistic identification with the image of a human figure perceived as other. The spectator does not therefore 'identify' with the hero or heroine: an identification that would, if put in its conventional sense, involve socially constructed males identifying with male heroes, and socially constructed females identifying with women heroines.
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This essay is aimed to distinguish between what Marx means by alienation in relation to productive activity and specie being, identify and use relevant concepts from Marx to analyse the attached reading A: maid to order, in the essay question booklet and
transformation of useful labor to abstract labor, the employer fixes your area of speciality, your job duties, and your wages and hours of work. "According to Marx alienation of labor makes man not able to affirm himself but denies himself" (Morrison. K.1995). Alienation from productive activity makes human lose control over the capacity of their labor to affirm their being and define their self existence i.e. human are barred and enstrangered from realizing labor activity alternatives and it's full range of possibilities and abilities.
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She felt her ancestors were suppressed, not only because of their African race but because they were woman. Her poem, Woman Work, is about a woman's struggle everyday to keep up with life, and do the housework. The woman in Woman work is unhappy with her life. She has many jobs to do, and does not show any positive emotion towards them. She is constantly working, and this is her main priority in life. We know that she has children. She says 'I've got the tots to dress''. There is no mention of the children's fat her in the poem, which may indicate that he gives her no help in the housework.
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An ordinary man may get depressed about being unemployed and automatically accept it as his own personal trouble. He will be condemned as being 'lazy' or 'work-shy' and labelled simply as a 'scrounger'. However, if there are thousands of other individuals also unemployed, Mills argues it should then be treated as a 'public issue'. Another good example of this is divorce. If only a few divorces occur within a society than it can be seen as person troubles of the people involved. If, however, masses of people are getting divorced every year than it can be seen as a public issue where institutions like marriage, law and media need to be looked at.
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The young and homeless may be referred to as the underclass, though some may bring the black population that are dependent on state welfare into this category. The poorest groups and individuals in society have been marked out as being dangerous classes and social outcasts. Illegitimate births, crime, drug abuse, single mothers, prostitution and begging are all seen as key features for the underclass. (Muncie, 1999 p.140) Ken (1982) believes that the underclass is the people that cannot escape from poverty.
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In the UK the queen is both the head of state and head of the Church of England. Oaths allegiance used in the armed forces and police stress 'god, queen and county'. Shills and Young argue events like the queens coronation affirm both patriotic and moral values. Some sociologists argue that the funeral of Princess Diana performed a religious function in that it brought society together as a moral collective and reaffirmed our commitment as a society to Christian values.
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Secondly the love (both sexual and emotional) and security provided by a family maintains an individuals levels of well being and self esteem so they can participate in society to the best of their ability. Essentially the family keeps everyone happy and aware of the requirements expected of them (norms and values) to contribute to a successful society which in turn will guarantee that societies success.
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Computer based technology are moving us into a world where the real is gradually being replaced by the virtual. Do you agree or disagree. Give examples.
People explore simulation games, enter chartrooms where thy have friends and lovers and build an intimate relationship with computers. We project our dramas onto the computer screen in which we are the producers, directors, and actors. We unfold relationships, sexuality, politics and identity on the computer screen. All this appears to be more real than what reality actually is. We can say that we are living in a virtual world now.(Turkle,1996:25). Recent studies have revealed that text based computer games like The Next Generation indulge thousands of players into them up to eighty hours a week participating in intergalactic explorations and wars.
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He never seems to have a quarrel with Oriel, his wife, having most of the control of the family. Essay 2 Textual integrity requires a composer to be constantly aware of all the elements of a work, especially the writer's values. Discuss the relationship, textual integrity and values in your understanding and interpretation of Cloudstreet. Textual integrity is important in the construction of a novel. It makes the readers more aware of the author, Tim Wintons intentions. A personal interpretation of Cloudstreet includes the characters values, the narrator of the novel and the symbolic images which make up the novel.
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'How far do these sources support the historian Vincent Crimon's view that the witches of the 16th Century were predominantly "poor old hags"?'
The process is described as an interrogation, and begins "I am a witch" and describes how the Devil approached the lady in the middle of the woods, and offered her great wealth, it goes on to tell how she could do nothing to resist and was soon under the Devil's power. This source relates to Source A because it shows that women were often accused and tortured to extract a confession no matter how forced they were to admitting to witchcraft.
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Using examples describe a range of sociological perspectives and theories (including both classic and contemporary perspectives)
They believe that social institutions such as Police, NHS, Church, Schools, etc ensure that certain prerequisites are met and they must all work together to produce a healthy society. Those prerequisites are that people need to learn how to be part of society (socialisation), people need to develop skills to enable them to work and they need to stay healthy in order to make money. The education system would probably be a good example of this. College help teach people so they can gain desired qualifications which will allow them to go out and work in society.
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Observational learning does not require reinforcement, however new behaviours are acquired more rapidly if they are reinforced. Reinforcement of gender appropriate behaviour can take two forms, direct and indirect, and considerable research has been conducted into the way parents reinforce their children for this behaviour. FAGOT (1978, as cited in HARALAMBOS et al, 2002) studied parents at home with toddlers aged 20-24 months and found girls were encouraged and praised for activities like dancing, helping with domestic chores and dressing up.
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Robert Dahl carried out a study in a small town in the USA called New Haven. He found that no one group of people has all the power in their society. He found that different groups of people shared the power and influence in the different decisions that had to be made. This disproves the Marxist theories because the state isn't controlled by one group and that is neutral and not biased towards any one group in society. However Marxists would say that all of the decisions would have been made in favour of the capitalist class or as concessions to keep the working class happy and to stop them revolting.
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Evaluate the idea that class conflict is on the decline in contemporary France, paying particular attention to the strikes of winter 1995.
The implication of European integration and French economy must also be understood, as well as the relation of this movement to the values of the left in France compared to that of the right. To initiate this evaluation, one of the factors that must be taken into consideration is France's volatile political culture. One could describe French culture as volatile, because of the numerous changes the French political system has undertaken over the last century. Some may suggest that they are still suffering from teething problems of a relatively new republic and the episodes of 1995 and the elections of
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Societies have evolved a variety of structures for settling disputes. Select two contrasting examples- one from the textbook, to illustrate their methods and examine the success of arbitration in any one society.
The essay concludes that although we may initially think the more personalised approach of the Zapotec may have a more favourable outcome regarding social cohesion, it has to be recognised that such methods may not be practical or necessary in our western state society. First to consider is our own Western system for settling disputes. Western state society has a regulatory court system in which there are an extensive number of laws and sanctions that are formally codified (Peoples & Bailey, 2003).
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It is particularly tied to the end of the Cartesian worldview, the decline of patriarchy, and the use and depletion of fossil fuel reserves. Capra goes to some length to say that the Chinese concept of yin and yang applies to the situation. Western culture tends to favour the yang, or masculine side. It gives preference to rational analysis rather than intuition leading to synthesis. "It is now becoming apparent that overemphasis on the scientific method and on rational, analytic thinking has led to attitudes that are profoundly antiecological" (41).
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Her stories concentrate on the lives of women, but the types of women vary from prostitutes to rich and powerful. Kate Chopin lived in a very prejudiced society, specifically involving racism; this was so strong that a mixed race marriage was totally unconceivable. This is evident within 'The father of Dessires baby'; the character knows that he will lose his respect and dignity if he remained with his wife, however he has no hesitations because he knows that all the slaves are gossiping about him and the mixed race baby.
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The focus of this essay will be to identify the stereotypes, to explain why people stereotype in this way and how Billy and Jess change people's views and overcome these stereotypes. In Billy Elliot we see stereotypes about three main people in the film. The main and most obvious one is Billy; then there's his dad and then his friend Michael. Billy's dad is stereotyped as a tough Geordie miner, who doesn't care what his son really wants to do; he does what's best for his image in society of being 'hard' so the society around them respect them.
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