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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. Women opposed to Men

    Nonetheless, women still live longer than men, so yes gentlemen you do and will die faster than women. Do women see themselves as inferior and men in general see themselves as superior? Can we as women accept that? No. Not now, not ever. So they can stop dreaming about an all male dominated planet and women waiting on their hand and foot. One more thing, men have treated women badly before and currently in this century. Consequently, there is no reason for men to ask anything more from us. They've gained too much. We women should gain what we want as well.

    • Word count: 1045
  2. Female's job

    First and foremost, women are now able to attain the same levels that men are in business as well as other realms previously male dominated. Even though the society may not be completely prepared to include women in the world of jobs, there are some jobs that women can perform as well, if not better than men. This breakthrough in women's rights has allowed women to achieve that which they fought for for so many years. However, there are more reasons why women should stay, with the most important being their naturally ability to feed an infant child.

    • Word count: 656
  3. what have caused the increase in lone-parents?

    Women to get way from such institutions of violence and to protect children, they leave their relationships. Most are left financially deprived and so have no choice but to live in benefits, but this is not necessarily a fixed sate, many end up marrying and working for themselves. This links to my aim because women are inactive counterparts in this violence, what choice do they have apart from leaving these abusive relationships. The second type of threat to contemporary marriage is the apparent rise in marital breakdown.

    • Word count: 1257
  4. Jessica Yassen's Philosophy of Meaning and Value Plan

    The personality cannot know unity and therefore cannot know the meaning of unity. There is no fixed, inherent meaning in our lives, in creation, in duality. Everything is subject to change, so all meanings will change. The meanings given to things are a complex product of culture, beliefs, personal values, philosophy, realizations, life experiences, habits, and more. Society often uses meaning to construct a coherent narrative of our lives and uses this narrative to give a context for the decisions made according to the values held.

    • Word count: 2728
  5. Functionalist view of the family

    Functionalists believe that reproduction is a key function to the family. An increase in birth rates can benefit the society and economy, it can help society develop and increase the rate of man-made labour. Marriage another key function is a way of controlling the sex drive, and this functions to prevent chaos and disorder of unregulated relationships. An heterosexual (man and woman) relationship is consider as a norm. "He also saw the family as meeting it's members' economic needs..." (Item B).

    • Word count: 812
  6. Free essay

    Remo and july

    This shows how the lower classes work from an earlier time then the upper classes which is a sign of social difference. Another point is the use of bright gaudy colors such as 'bright yellow' and 'red plastic blazers', which are used to describe the scavengers and their vehicle normally associated with cheapness.

    • Word count: 507
  7. Political Spectrum

    This year on, April 27 2007, Durham YMCA held an open house for their new Y-Knot Abilities Programs. This program offers children and youth with physical disabilities access to the YMCA programs. The Y-Knot creates an "Equal Playing Field" for disabled youth. The Y-Knot Abilities program shall run every Friday from 5:00 to 7:00 pm in the gymnasium. Through the years, the YMCA has setup the YMCA Strong Kids Fundraiser. The money raised helps provides, families YMCA memberships, Children and Youth a chance to go to camp, renovations on community YMCA's and the fees for training new employees.

    • Word count: 634
  8. Why are young black boys involved in more crime than young white boys?

    A study in the early 1980s in the Metropolitan police force revealed that racist comments were widely used, similarly racist language is quiet commonly used over the personal radio. Afro-Caribbean people are about seven times more likely than white and Asian people to be in prison. There may be many reasons for this but I can identify two, Afro-Caribbean people are seen to commit a lot more crime, and some people believe that the criminal justice system is racist and works against the black communities.

    • Word count: 1388
  9. Does the research method of participant observation (P. O.) reveal more about the society observed or about the cultural preoccupations of the observer?

    and in short, living the life of the people under study". (Hughes, 1976) Participant observation is a key ethnographic data collection technique. The term "ethnography" comes from cultural anthropology, "ethno" means people, and "graphy" denotes the description of something. Therefore ethnography means describing a culture of society and understanding the way of life from the people who actually live in that particular culture or society. Class exercise: The "Outsider" During the class exercise we were split into two groups and were told by our teacher the characteristics of our culture.

    • Word count: 2548
  10. Write a general essay on functionalist ideas on the family.

    . There have been many great Sociologists that support Functionalism. I.e. Parsons and Murdock Functionalists have views on the family aswell. They see the traditional as a positive effect on modern day society. They believe that the family contributes to every day life, such as introducing their offspring into sociality and teaching them Norms, Values and Believes which will help them in life when their older. There are many functionalists who believe that a stable family is one the most important things. Functionalists believe that the parents of the family should be married, and produce one or more children.

    • Word count: 682
  11. Assess the view that sociological arguments and evidence support functionalist views of the role and functions of religion in

    He claims that it unities society and reinforces the collective conscience. For Durkheim social life is impossible without shared values and moral beliefs which he called the collective conscience, he saw religion as promoting unity, respect for social duties and obligations in society, and providing social solidarity. Examples that back up Durkheim's view are firstly Americanism. America is a nation of many cultures but what unities them is their faith in their country. The people are very patriotic and every morning across the country children swear allegiance to the flag at school, and many homes have the flag proudly displayed outside their homes etc.

    • Word count: 1219
  12. Compare Rawl's Theory of Justice with those of Nozick and Walzer. How may such diverse definitions of justice affect our judgement as to whether social policies are fair or not?

    supports the idea that the distribution of wealth and income via the government should be distributed to everyone's advantage. For those who are in need, their position should never be worsened. Members of society will never all are on equal terms. The theory accepts that people will be unequal in regard to each other but the inequality can be justified by benefiting each member of society. Principle (b) states that every person should have the same opportunities. For example, when applying for a job, the job should be open to every person regardless of status and skill. An unjust society would not give every person a fair chance which results in discrimination.

    • Word count: 1826
  13. Functionalism and Marxism are both macro and structural theories and they both have very comparative views on family but at the same time, they both have contrasting views for example, both functionalism and Marxism both talk about reproduction but by th

    Another comparable view which both Functionalism and Marxism have on the family is about primary socialisation but however, they have contrasting views regarding the end result about primary socialisation. Functionalism sees the end result of primary socialisation benefiting society as a whole whereas Marxism sees the end result benefiting the ruling class/capitalist class. Functionalism and Marxism both have very comparable views about nuclear family but both also have very contrasting views regarding the nuclear family as Functionalism emphasises the positive aspects of family

    • Word count: 566
  14. How important is the relation between a person's occupation and his or her identity?

    v A way in which people identify themselves is by 'self categorization' (Turner et al 1987). This is very similar to Althussers´┐Ż Idea of interpellation[S4], in that we identify with a group or individual and then categorise ourselves according to the similarities or differences. v Children do this from a very early age. From the age of two a child, for example a boy, is able to identify with other boys in behaviour and selection of toys with which he's going to play (Bem 1970).

    • Word count: 2214
  15. The Myall Creek Massacre

    Prior to European invasion the Aboriginal people led a fairly nomadic lifestyle, with a belief system based upon that of the 'dreamtime'. "The dreamtime stories were used as an explanation of how the world came to be, and how people must conduct their behaviour and social relations". (6/Richard Broome, Aboriginal Australians, p19). The Aboriginals followed strict traditions, and preferred a life of continuity rather then change. Traditions and belief structures were passed between generations and were deeply engrained in society, ensuring Aboriginal communities were stable and struggles for wealth and power rarely existed.

    • Word count: 2898

    it's about a system recognising the religious purity and individual positioning of people in society. While a caste system exists in cultures beside India, this is the most well known caste which I will be predominantly focusing on, to be exact the Varna Model. These divisions of status seen in a caste are religiously ruled 'arranged in hierarchical order...the Brahmins (priests), Kshatriya (warrior/ king), Vaishya (merchants) and Shudra (servants)' (Jayaraman 4). Below the Shudra is an even lower class known as the Harijan which have been labeled as the "untouchables".

    • Word count: 2640
  17. war oppertunities for women

    Women were encouraged to join the armed forces, and thanks to propaganda, over 500,000 women had joined the Army, Navy or Air force, by 1945. Groups also proving popular with women were the Auxiliary Territorial Service, the Women's Land Army, and the WAAFS-Women's Auxiliary Air Force. Jobs such as working with a Secret Code breaking groups were a lot safer than some of the more strenuous jobs taken up by some women. Women were expected to maintain and run their households, with their husbands on the front line, but were also expected to work part time in one of these associations, without making a fuss.

    • Word count: 1466
  18. sex and gender

    Stevie Jackson and Sue Scott Judith Butler's book "Gender Trouble" concentrates on the issues surrounding gender. She takes into account gender roles, sexualities and perceptions of others. She implies that a person's gender is a performance which we play in order to satisfy the society around us. She claims that gender is a matter of what we become not what we are born. This encourages the idea that gender is socially constructed. "Woman itself is a term in process, a becoming, a constructing." Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. Judith Butler. This is backed up by feminist writer Simone de Beauvoir's "The Second Sex".

    • Word count: 1603
  19. Free essay

    Major trends of Sociology

    Functionalism, or structural consensus, was developed as a concept by the French sociologist Emile Durkheim. He believed, like Comte on whose work he drew, that sociology should be viewed as a precise science, and that a sociologist should approach their work with an open mind (value freedom), and that society should be studied objectively. Durkheim was himself one of the first sociologists to make use of scientific and statistical techniques in sociological research Durkheim placed great emphasis on 'social facts' which he saw as 'ways of acting, thinking or feeling that are external to individuals and have their own reality outside the lives and perceptions of individual people.'

    • Word count: 1853
  20. Feminism can be defined as the belief that women and men are, and have been, treated differently by our society, and that women have frequently and systematically been unable to participate fully in all social arenas an institutions

    Haralambos & Holborn (2004:103), state that the exploitation of women is done by men. To a radical feminist, it is primarily men who have benefited from the subordination of women. Wilma van der Veen, E. (Ph.D). (2006), states some of the issues that pertain to radical feminism as, women's oppression is the fundamental oppression at the root of other "isms", sexism is at the core of patriarchy especially in the family, violence against women (rape, sexual harassment, incest, pornography and domestic violence)

    • Word count: 1902
  21. Examine the factors that influence a sociologist on their choice of research methods

    Practicality, ethics, theory and subject of study also contribute to the methods used for research. Durkheim, a positivist, called the external social forces that make up a societies social structure that cause or mould people's ideas and actions social facts. Durkheim said the aim of sociology should be the study of social facts, which in most cases could be measured and observed quantitatively, in number or statistical form. Such as the number of people applying for visas to work in a particular country. As emotions, feelings and motives of individuals cannot be observed and measured he suggested they should not be studied.

    • Word count: 826
  22. Haralambos & Holborn (2004, ), state that the differences between men and women are sometimes seen as the basis for inequality between them as the use of biological, socialization, and learning explanations take centre stage

    This idea sets out the main differences between men and women biologically. Their ability to bear children put men at a disadvantage but they do need men in order to be pregnant. This has given ammunition to feminists who argue that differences between men and women are socially constructed and can be overcome. Andersen (1997: 23) states that the biological sex of a person is established at the moment of conception and is elaborated during the period of fetal development in the womb.

    • Word count: 1581
  23. Discuss the view that the influence of religion on UK society is declining.

    Looking at statistics of ex and current communist countries it is clear that secularisation is very high with the majority of Britain from Chinese decent claiming they have no religion, it is also known that countries that follow a Marxist, however stringently, doctrine that government officials must have no religion, this is very widely enforced within the Peoples Republic of China's administration but not as obligatory within the soviets of the USSR. With only one class there should be no reason for a religion to control society, however when countries became communist the did not all suddenly drop there views

    • Word count: 2314
  24. How does Ferlinghetti show difference in American society in his poem "Two Scavengers in a Truck, Two Beautiful People in a Mercedes"?

    The first people in the poem to be described in detail are the two people in the Mercedes. He is portrayed as an upper class architect and the woman is portrayed as a young woman that would only be with the man because of his social status. After the setting, the first thing mentioned is the vehicles. These show a difference between the two types of people because of the affordability of them. Although both types of people drive vehicles the price of them and the status in society that they bring are very different. The architect drives a Mercedes that, if someone saw it in the street they would automatically assume that it belonged to someone that was wealthy.

    • Word count: 970

    The reason that this is happening in society for my hypothesis to come true is because the way the media portrays black girls, compared to the way they advertise white girls, it is totally different. Some black families are socialised different to white families, the girls might be treated different, and I will test this by doing questionnaires about how the girls are treated at home, both in the black family and in the white family. CAGE- Culture, Age, Gender and Ethnicity PFERM- Peer Groups, Family, Education, Religion and Mass Media Ethnicity does relate to my hypothesis because black girls and boys are treated differently compared to white boys and girls.

    • Word count: 728

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