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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. Gentrification in Barnsbury

    Burgess identified five rings of land use that would form around the CBD (central business district.) These rings were originally defined as the (1) central business district, (2) zone of transition, (3) zone of independent workers' homes, (4) zone of better residences and (5) zone of commuters. He said that the newest houses were on the outskirts where the wealthiest people lived and the poorest areas were near to the CBD like 'Little Sicily.' The black line running through the centre represents Lake Michigan and the area to the right of the black line is all water.

    • Word count: 16387
  2. Gender - Women have always taken a subordinate role to men in American society.

    The American Heritage Dictionary defines gender as "classification of sex." They also define bias as "preference or inclination that inhibits impartiality; prejudice." Thus gender bias is separation of gender in a way that prefers one sex to the other. Holly Devor, a professor of sociology at the university of Victoria in British Columbia, states that "Children, and later adults, learn the rules of membership in society, they come to see themselves in terms they have learned from the people around them" (Devor 415).

    • Word count: 1233
  3. A study of how far societal pressures are central to the main plots of ‘Blood Wedding’ and ‘Chronicle of a Death Foretold’.

    In 'Blood Wedding' the bridegroom's mother is aware of the risks that face her son if he follows Leonardo, however she feels the honour code must be carried out. She thinks the situation is hopeless. '"...those people are so quick to kill. But what else can you do? You have to go..."' showing how ultimately society chooses for her, we see this idea in 'Chronicle of a Death Foretold' too as Angela is given no choice in her marriage partner.

    • Word count: 1651
  4. Describe the different ways in which sociologists understand how inequality works within school situations and comment on their validity

    This highlights the relationship between education and occupation variables. Colquhaun supported this statistic by specifying that an individuals life chances were determined by family background, location in family and class and relates to the cycle of privilege or cycle of poverty. It can be argued that education is not always related to wealth but to the socialisation an individual receives. It was found that on the whole by JWB Douglas, middle class parents generally encouraged and took more of an interest in their children's education than working class parents.

    • Word count: 1048
  5. Functionalism in the Social Sciences

    Whether or not the drought means the lack of rain or the lack of something else, it doesn't matter because the principle is still the same. If this is the case that everything has a purpose, does that mean war and poverty has its purpose too? To clarify this two new phrases have been made. Dysfunctional, meaning the negative side of functions and Eufunctional, meaning the opposite. But as some point out, what could be dysfunctional for one, could be eufunctional for another, for example a poor man having to work all day for the benefit of a rich man.

    • Word count: 741
  6. Why slavery was abolished

    When Sharp heard of this, he took Lisle to court to regain Strong his freedom. Sharp won the case and it got him a lot of good publicity, which Sharp later used, for his further campaigns. William Pitt was a prime minister at the time and he also heavily opposed slavery, he got parliament to make the law that to improve conditions on the plantations in the West Indies but unfortunately this had very little effect. Josiah Wedgwood was the younger son of Thomas Wedgwood. Josiah created a plaque to try and change people's minds about slavery, the plaque was of a black slave in chains and around the sides read: 'Am I not a man or a brother?'

    • Word count: 1093
  7. Examine how Shaw uses comedy to draw attention to the absurdities of class structure in ‘Pygmalion.’ Contrast this with another of your texts.

    Professor Higgins is a professor of phonetics. The reason Shaw decided to include this in his most famous play is because of his interest in this particular subject. Throughout his life he tried to change the English spelling system because he thought that most English spelling was absurd because it had nothing to do with the way words were pronounced. At the beginning of the play Pickering makes a bet with Higgins that he cannot make Eliza into a lady.

    • Word count: 1439
  8. Compare and contrast the Inca and Aztec civilization in terms of religion, politics, social structure, etc. Which of the two do you think was the more powerful empire? Explain your answer.

    When they settled in Cuzco, around 1200, they began to become a powerful empire by attacking apposing tribes. Despite these two empires similarities the Inca had the more powerful empire. This is because the Incas had a much larger empire at it height and a better sense of government while the Aztecs had a better social structure and were more devout to their religion. To these two comparable empires religion was of great importance. So important that the taking ones life in the sake of religion was accepted.

    • Word count: 900
  9. Functional Perspectives on the Family Underestimate the Amount of Strain and Exploitation within the Family Unit. Discuss.

    until they reach puberty, when they can be deemed full. Primary socialisation is now complete. However the bottle cannot stand alone for long before falling and breaking, so the second role of the family is to stabilize the complete personality. We can present this as the milk bottle being put in a crate where it has support to keep it upright. He sees the ideas fed into children as being vital to the survival of society. If children didn't learn these values they would not be properly prepared for the world.

    • Word count: 1071
  10. Assess the part played by socialisation in the development of gender roles and identities

    Genetic instruction Wilson types, means men are more promiscuous due to evolutionary related urges and that women are more involved in child-care.6 Those social scientists putting forward the importance of the 'nature' perspective in this area are of number and both Talcott Parsons and John Bowlby have put forward sensible arguments. In this spaces, I hope to communicate my fine understanding of gender roles, identities and the evolution of, rather than biology, present here only because of the enhanced visibility of the matter.

    • Word count: 2981
  11. Discuss the view that the culture of society is based on consensus.

    It is a structulist theory so it sees an individual as less important than society as a whole. Society is studied rather than the individual because they are the product of society. Talcott Parsons (1902-79) was an among the American sociologists who developed the theory into its form today as mentioned above. He saw Functalism as the key to understanding human behavior, this theory shows society is made up of inter dependant groups of people and these groups cut across class boundaries. Today Functionalism in sociology is greatly less popular than it was in the 1950's. The main criticisms of the Functionalist theory are that they ignore the fact that power and wealth are not evenly distributed in society.

    • Word count: 725
  12. By comparing 3 to 4 different poems show how you have learnt about American Cultures, Issues and way of life.

    For the first poem I am going to look at "Copperfaces", the red men and consider the similarities between this poem and Right on: White America. Copperfaces focuses on the multi-cultural aspect of America. Right on: White America also discusses cultural issues. This poem also discusses the fact that America and Americans have received much more from other races around the world than they have ever given. For example, the Red men have given the Americans 'tobacco, the weed for the pipe of friendship, the potato, the spud, sunflowers'.

    • Word count: 1096
  13. Families in developing and pre-literate societies are extended; families in industrial societies are nuclear

    It is also found in these communities that the various families are very close knitted, therefore marriage is often arranged to increase family acreage, and the parents of the community have many children because of the of the rough work and the more people working the easier it is on the rest of the community. The extended family discintegrated into the nuclear family with the introduction of the industrial society. The industrial society caused people to move from their rural homes and lifestyles and adopt other lifestyles away from their families.

    • Word count: 826
  14. The Grapes of Wrath

    Also, the Joad's are barely getting by on the journey and to make things worse, they have burdens to carry along the way. Family obligations get in the way when the Joads have to drug Grandpa to make him come along, take Granma to a hospital because she has the chills, take care of Noah because he is mentally retarded, cheer up Uncle John who is depressed and a pregnant woman named Rose of Sharon. The sad part is that the only person who made it in the end was Rose of Sharon and even then her baby died.

    • Word count: 1632
  15. Why Gangs?

    Due to this, a clear-cut definition of a gang does not exist. However, most agree that a gang is a group of mostly males that engage in delinquent activities. However, the definition goes much further than that. A police officer, for example, may call a gang "an on-going, organized association of three or more persons who individually or collectively engage in or have engaged in criminal activity" (Conly 5). A sociologist, on the other hand, may use another set of values to describe a gang, such as "A group of people who are generally perceived as a distinct aggregation by others in their neighborhood, recognize themselves as a denotable group (almost invariably with a group name)

    • Word count: 2440
  16. Biological and psychological explanations of human behavior are inadequate to sociologists

    Society, however, cannot be simplified down to such a broad definition. Human behavior, similarly, is a complex term that cannot be evaluated through psychological and/or biological perspectives alone. When we look at the concept of "human behavior" from a sociological context, we can observe that individuals, as social beings, do not operate alone in the world. Rather, they act, interact and react to other individuals around them. This process of social interaction, by which individuals learn the social codes of their group, or society, is called socialization.

    • Word count: 697
  17. Why is understanding human behaviour a problem for sociologists?

    In the early 19th century Count Joseph Arthur de Gabineau proposed the existence of 3 races, white, (Caucasian), black, (Negroid) and yellow, (Mongoloid). According to de Gabineau, the white race was far superior than black and yellow; these ideas influenced the formation of groups such as the Nazi party lead by Adolf Hitler, and other white supremacist groups such as the Ku-Klux-Klan in the United Statesiii, these movements up to date affect how we behave towards society. Forth, religion affects how one behaves within society; Sociological approaches to religion are still strongly influenced by the three classical sociological theorists: Marx, Durkheim, and Weber.

    • Word count: 1376
  18. Gender and Power in the Workplace

    Grant and Porter remind the researcher that the concepts of male and female are not independent relationships of the workplace, but have been strongly influenced and determined by the relationships of male and female in society at large. Unfortunately the gendered division of labour has maintained its origins in the home, while reproducing its structure in the workplace. This can be seen inside families through the sharp distinctions between paid work and non work, paid and unpaid productivity, and even the separation of the private and public spheres where women are perceived as attached to the private and men to the public domains.

    • Word count: 1434
  19. What effects did World War One have on social classes?

    Differing theories put forward by Mayer and Maier divide pre-war societies into either "bourgeoisie or aristocratic old regime" (Unit 7-10 page 95). Maier's theory was that after World War One when various "socialist and revolutionary elements threatened the existing Tim Brooker AA312 R8413113 TMA 03 order of 'bourgeoisie' Europe, governments and establishments rallied and adopted policies which skillfully maintained the essential features of pre-war society."(Unit 7-10 page95). Alternatively, Mayer believed "that monarchies, aristocracies and landed welfare retained the greater part of political power and social influence."

    • Word count: 2563
  20. Social Groups & Formal Organizations

    He fell into a daily routine of going to a cafeteria called the I-house. Bart was another regular who was also a middle class citizen. Bart was a little different in the since that he was a white man. In the height of segregation Bart felt a little strange to be conversing with a black man in public. Bart was very fond of Slim, he knew that everyday Slim would come into the I-house at the same time everyday.

    • Word count: 464
  21. Outline and assess the differences and similarities between the Functionalist and Marxist views on how society works.

    According to Browne. 'Sociological perspectives centre on how much freedom or control the individual has to influence society.' There are, as he asserts, two main approaches - structuralism and interpretivism. 'Structuralism is concerned with the overall structure of society and the way social institutions ...act as a constraint, or limit and control individual behaviour.' Structuralism offers a view of the individual as being rather like a puppet, not as an autonomous entity, but as being controlled by the society in which they live As we shall see, although both Marx and Durkheim are similar in that they can both be described as structuralists, their vies on how society as a structure influences the individual are radically different.

    • Word count: 1826
  22. The Chrysalids

    I begin to regain hope when David's sister, Petra, contacts, through ESP, a woman in a far off but much more highly developed society, 'Sealand'. This ultimately brings rescue for most of the group. Furthermore, another highly intelligent way the narrative is used is the paradox which runs through the entire novel. This is that Waknuk is a society of the future, set in the past. Waknuk is far in the future. The people of Waknuk are constantly trying to climb back into the grace of God.

    • Word count: 1769
  23. Functionalist analysis of crime and deviance

    In order for change to occur, yesterday's deviance must become today's normality. Since a certain amount of change is healthy for society. Deviance can be a safety valve, providing a relatively harmful expression of discontent. In this way social order is protected. Durkheim argued a state of Anomie can occur when people regard the rights and needs of others as unimportant and they prefer instead to look After there own interests. Durkheim has been criticised as there are many examples of deviant and criminal acts, which are socially destructive and could not be seen as reinforcing collective sentiments.

    • Word count: 607
  24. A Short Time in the Life of a Teacher

    Now I have my bike and I am the biker chic of the century, to be honest, I feel very superior to the people I whiz past when I am on my bike and they are sitting in their dreary cars! It takes me half an hour in the morning with all the traffic, I can weave in and around all the cars but I still have to wait at the traffic lights, which seem to change red every time I come close to them!

    • Word count: 5077
  25. “The family is symmetrical.” Discuss

    Wilmott and Young support the notion of the increasing isolation of the middle class nuclear family, leading to joint conjugal roles. However, it is recognised that the male participation maybe an attribute to a certain 'trend' of equality. This 'trend' has in fact been the revolutionising of the nuclear family unit since the early seventies. However, the dramatic change of family size has decreased within the last hundred years, the 19th century middle-class trend of limiting the family size was adopted by the working class after the First World War, the slight fluctuation between an average of two or three children finally resulting with the nineties average dropping below two.

    • Word count: 1330

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