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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. Compare and Contrast Functionalism and Marxist Theories of the Role of Religion These Two Different Ideas Try To Identify the Role of Religion.

    In his last analysis he believed that aborigines worshipped the social group and society,and created totems to create a concrete symbol of their own society. Durkeim in his own view religion performs two functions, one is social integration and social regulation. Social intergration is when people from a local community is drawn to one particular holy building ie church. This creates social solidarity and order and makes feel warm and welcomed towards the whole community. Social regulation is where rituals which reinforce collective conscience.

    • Word count: 1320
  2. My talk is about lowering the drinking age of alcohol…

    This is because drinking by these people is seen as a "badge of rebellion against authority" and a symbol of "adulthood." If the age limit was lowered there would be less drunk people on the streets because there wouldn't be a need to show off anymore to their friends and people around them. They can go into a restaurant, pub etc.

    • Word count: 456
  3. Pearl’s Ostracism.

    He really sets her apart from most Puritan infants, when he says, "The infant was worthy to have been brought forth in Eden; worthy to have been left there, to be the plaything of the angels" (93; ch. 6). The baby Pearl is unique in the sense that she can be seen fitting in with angels in Eden. To add to this, Hawthorne emphasizes Pearl's intense beauty by the clothes that her sinful mother chooses for her. Hawthorne again makes it obvious that Pearl is not a normal Puritan in any sense of the term.

    • Word count: 1005
  4. Women During World War Two

    The most important thing the women had to do was ensure the safety of their families. There were many different things to remember in order to achieve this. A woman had to be extremely aware of things like air-raid sirens, because if one went off, she would have to rush her children to the nearest air-raid shelter and put a gas mask on the children in case of a gas bomb, keeping her family's security before her own. If the sirens went off at night, she had to hurry and draw all of the curtains and make sure no light

    • Word count: 1570
  5. Fahrenheit 451- Creative Writing.

    It is full of joy, gossip and fun. We have evening meetings by the fire, where we recite books and tell stories. Our relationship to each other is greatly valued, like nothing else. The society we live in is like one whole family. People are treated like they should, and given what they need- honestly and love. In our society, there is plenty to keep everyone fulfilled. We are confident in the ultimate triumph of reason and the strength of the human spirit. The houses and huts we live in, are lighted, unlike the dull, gloomy houses of our past.

    • Word count: 555
  6. Using theories of Marx and, more broadly, utilitariansim, examine the ways in which Dickens and Dostoevsky creatively explore the impact of industrialisation on humanity and education.

    Bitzer characterises those who are the products of rational education. His mean-spirited adherence to rationalism personifies the ideals of utilitarianism and capitalism. He identifies himself as a commodity "made in the cheapest market, and ...to (be) disposed of... in the dearest" because "the whole social system is a matter of self-interest"2. Ironically, it is the confrontation with Blitzer (a product of Gadgrindesque education) that contributes to Gadgrind's eventual redemption and the decision to make "his facts and figures subservient to Faith, Hope and Charity"3.

    • Word count: 1622
  7. Explain Foucault’s conception of power, with reference to one or more of his historical studies.

    Foucault discards the Marxist formula of power and knowledge as totalizing and restrictive and as such his conception of power is positive and non - totalizing (Sarup, 1993). To explain Foucault's conception of power this essay will describe Foucault's idea of discourse and later discuss the importance of discourse within his conception of power by drawing on The History of Sexuality. It will provide a brief overview of his main shift in thought from 'Archaeology' to 'Genealogy', and will discuss the importance of his use of 'the subject' within his later works.

    • Word count: 2161
  8. Charles Wright Mills

    C. Wright Mills was born in Waco, Texas, on August 28, 1916. He was one of two children and was born into a middle-class Irish and English Catholic family. In 1920 his family moved from Waco to Dallas, where Mills began to educate himself at Dallas Technical High School. The reason for the move was because his father had a job offering for an insurance company. At an early age it was very noticeable to see that something was different about Charles Mills (he dropped the Charles in college and then used the initial C and his middle name, Write).

    • Word count: 2525
  9. What is Social Control? Discuss the Main Agencies of Social Control in British Society Today.

    So what are norms and what are values? Norms are culturally established rules within a society/community. Values give us information and have a broad meaning. We learn norms and values from a process of social interaction i.e. socialisation. Norms and values are what create a society and it enables all members to meet basic needs, e.g. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Social control allows all of us access to these basic needs. But why do some people deviate, even though the majority don't?

    • Word count: 987
  10. Hiphop is a contemporary religion for youths

    Hiphop being a form of resistance from the wider society can be seen as a religion because it holds it's own values and beliefs from the wider society. In this research, I will be taking a statistical measure by giving out questionnaires in order to collect quantitative data. My hypothesis may show that I have a preconception about the topic because of the way my hypothesis has been structured and because I have a positive view towards my hypothesis Context Referring to my second objective (to give a brief history of the evolution of hiphop).

    • Word count: 3950
  11. To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee and An Imaginative Woman, from Thomas Hardy’s selection of Short Stories

    This is a main factor of the plot and as Scout (Jean Louise Finch) is growing up it started to become apparent to her at an early age when she, Jem and Calpurnia visited Calpurnia's church 'Lula stopped but she said "You ain't got no business bringin' white chillun here - they got their own church, we got our'n"' Then later in the story of the trial of Tom Robinson Vs Mr. Ewell '"Lemme tell you somethin' now, Billy" a third said, "You know the court appointed him to defend this nigger."', '"Yeah, but Atticus aims to defend him.

    • Word count: 1487
  12. Why do men and women have such different experiences of health?

    Another biological factor is connected to differences in physical make-up other than biological function. This view is based on different genetic features; for example women are generally smaller and so men are generally considered to be stronger. This view is, however fraught with inconsistencies because of the variations that obviously exist in physical attributes among men and women. It also ignores social and cultural factors that are vital to any appreciation of gender. Our ideas in society tend to construct gender differences in health problems, there appears to be some evidence that men take more risks than women such as dangerous sports, Violent activities and hazardous occupations.

    • Word count: 998
  13. The Role of Activist Agences in Shaping the course of Women’s History

    Activists continued to use similar tactics in the 1970s to demand changes in the law, such as free nursery places (as removed from local councils responsibilities under the 1980 Education Act) and better maternity benefits. The real changes came about however, not due to the prominent high profile activists, but to the grass roots campaign where women won seats on town and city councils. Historians can often look for the big story to write about, sometimes however the big story is made up of lots of little ones. Women's position in the economy changed prior to the war as well.

    • Word count: 1695
  14. The Birthday Boys by Beryl Bainbridge

    When reading the book it never feels like a team effort. It is one where the reader follows each individual and their plight for what they wish to achieve. I think the heroism present in the 'Birthday Boys' is so idiosyncratic because there does not appear to be a common goal. With the exception of Dr. Wilson, these men were not going to the South Pole for Scientific Research, they were there for the glory, and they were there for the chance to be a hero. This drove them on. Temperatures in the Antarctic reached below -60�C, which was more than most of them had ever dreamt of suffering.

    • Word count: 849
  15. What representation of American Social Class is there in the first four scenes of Falling Down?

    Another indication is when D-Fens tries to cool himself down and his air conditioning system doesn't work, so he tries to open the window but the handle is broken, the car is like a metaphor for D-Fens' life shabby, worn out and not like it used to be. There is quite a range of different social classes represented in the opening scene all seen from D-Fens' point of view. In the back seat of the car in front of D-Fens is a young Hispanic girl who is staring impassively at him watching his frustration and breakdown unfold.

    • Word count: 1777
  16. Ageing – Elder people in the European Community

    This is a process that has been occurring most prolifically in the last 30 or so years but has been happening for over 100 years in some countries such as the UK, with different countries at different stages in their increasing old aged population. Notably, It can be seen that many of the EC countries are experiencing growth in percentages of old age in both absolute and the proportionate numbers of older people. This means that the percentage of older people is increasing when in direct comparison with younger age groups and also the actual quantities of older people are increasing in these countries.

    • Word count: 3070
  17. Social Stratification - Theories

    Education, information G. Symbolic rewards, resources; prestige, honor II. "Public" and Labor Markety Inequality A. Knowledge, information, graining B. Occupational qualifications, attainment C. Job seniority, career advancement D. Earning and Income E. Authority, autonomy, managerial opportunity vs. subordination, Supervision III. Factors, Causes, Explanations, Issues A. Structural-Functional Analysis: Role Differentiation B. Neo-Classical Economics Analysis: Women's "Tastes," "Preferences" C. Marxist Analysis: Capitalist Exploitation of Historical Gender Subordination to Appropriate Surplus Value of Women's Domestic Labor D. Patriarchy: Continuity of Historical Patriarchy in Domestic Sphere, and Transfer of Patriarchy to Public/Labor Market Sphere E. Roles, Positions of Women in Contemporary Class Formation =?? RACE, ETHNIC, RELIGIOUS, LANGUAGE, PRIMORDIAL GROUPINEQUALITY 1. Discrimination: Theoretical and Empirical Problems Surrounding Individual Stigma, Group Stereotypes, Broader-Collective "Orientalism."

    • Word count: 758
  18. O’Casey depicts people as victims of their environment. Show how thet social and political unrest in Ireland in the early 1920’s affects the characters in Juno and the Paycock. In your answer you should examine at least three characters in deta

    During the course of the play we see that Mary is on strike because of the victimisation of a fellow employee and that she believes this to be the right course of action. The social conditions under which the Boyle family existed were of extreme poverty. They lived much of the time on borrowed money. They owe twenty pounds and are worried in Act 1 "what'll we do if he refuses to give us any more on the tick". O'Casey clearly believed that poverty could show in peoples faces because he describes Juno, in the stage directions "were circumstances favourable

    • Word count: 1797
  19. Has Narcissism triumphed over social solidarity?

    Also the rise of coffee houses - which became hives of discussion and expression of 'the self', and the explosion of fashion - which gave people a chance to express themselves as individuals, but also acted as a pre-cursor to the consumerist culture we have today - were very important in helping the development of individual thought. Although the foundations were being laid, the concept of the individual existed in a dormant form within popular thought, until that is the 'science of self', and later on the 'philosophy of self' came about.

    • Word count: 1645
  20. Critically evaluate the main explanations of violence against women.

    Moreover, by 1915 a London Police Magistrate ruled that; "The husband of a nagging wife could beat her at home provided the stick he used was no thicker than a mans thumb" (Young 1976 cited in Dobash&Dobash 1980: 74). 1 Both the law and the general public supported his right to privacy and as a result, there was little protection for wives who experienced abuse from their partners. As we can see, throughout history domestic violence was commonplace for many married women.

    • Word count: 4173
  21. Teenage Stereotypes

    Some parents have past experience in dealing with growing young men and women, in which they would share to others. In a way the parents of teens in cliques, may be in a clique of their own. Public schools in many urban and suburban areas have a "social clumping" that is formed from interaction of different cliques. This interaction causes various differences in style, dress, appearance and attitude. The groups that are formed may be banned with a stereotype in relation to this.

    • Word count: 606
  22. Does the Education System Benefit the Ruling Class?

    Rist, 1970 'Labelling and social class.' He studied several Kindergarten schools in North America. Rist observed that by the 8th day of a new academic year the children had been permanently seated. Table one were the fast learners and tables two and three were the less able children. Rist believed that it was not ability that determined the seating plan but it was conformity to the teacher's own middle class standards that separated the children. Obviously the middle class children conformed more so than working class because they look and sound better, i.e. Rist concluded that teachers evaluated and labelled pupils on the basis of their social class, and subsequently the children were seated on ability based tables; this is like a streaming process.

    • Word count: 1309
  23. House of Mirth

    "She was so evidently the victim of the civilisation which had produced that, that the links of her bracelet seemed like manacles chaining her to her fate" (8). Wharton also introduces early into the novel the social notion that women without financial independence but bred to marry well were victims to the duty of matrimonial unions based on concepts of expediency. Lily Bart needed money and rich but dreary Percy Gryce represents an opportunity. Lily must use arts and charm so that "he might ultimately decide to do her the honour of boring her for life."

    • Word count: 3013
  24. Conjugal Roles

    Bott found extreme segregation in working class families. This maybe due to their connected social networks. Bott's study showed the degree of segregation in the role relationship of husband and wife has direct connections with the connectedness of their social networks. The more connected the network the greater the segregation of the roles. Bott's theory has been criticised as she only studied twenty families in one particular area therefore her findings are not representative of the population. Rosser and Harris addopt Bott's arguments but have elaborated on them.

    • Word count: 1212
  25. A comparison and contrast between “Beauty and the Bloke”, by Cosmo Landesman and “Breadwinners”, by Caroline Harris.

    Whereas Beauty and the Bloke is full of imagery and descriptions, "some grey, older geezer with bad skin, black bags beneath his tired eyes and more lines than British Rail running across his face". The titles of the pieces also contrast.

    • Word count: 436

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