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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. The origin and evolution of animal societies

    Since it is required that social interaction must take place to achieve production of offspring in this way. However it is obvious that many species live in far more socially interactive societies than just merely for reproduction. Ants and some other insects live in societies that are not just for reproduction, since nearly all of the members of their society are incapable of producing offspring. Therefore such organisms must gain other benefits from being in the society since the only way they would contribute to the production of a new generation, is by protecting their queen and finding food for her.

    • Word count: 1554
  2. The Dead Poets Society

    The first world we enter is the world of the club 'The Dead Poets Society.' This world is of a secret club created by the boys, to escape the stresses of school. This club or secret society is totally against school rules and regulations and is the beginning of the risks each boy beings to take. The feeling of taking a risk is taking more risks and pushing them to the limit. There are images such as mysterious darkness and fog as they are entering the cave for the first meeting, which represent the change in world.

    • Word count: 784
  3. Is sociology a science?

    To do this they would have to examine the parts in relation to each other, since they work together to maintain the life of the organism. In functionalism the various parts of society are seen to be interrelated and taken together they form a complete system. In order to understand any part of society i.e. family or religion, that part must be seen in relation to society as a whole. And will examine a part of society in terms of its contribution to the maintenance of the social system.

    • Word count: 2077
  4. What do you think Hardy thought about the class system in England? Refer to at least two storie that you have read.

    The main topic of discussion in 'The Sons Veto' is class. There is a perfect example of how people allow the class system to affect them. Mr Twycott is aware that if he weds the domestic servant, Sophy that he would become ostracised from the social elite that he would have associated with before: "Mr Twycott knew perfectly well that he had committed social suicide by this step." I believe that Hardy feels that people are shallow to the extent that they will remove people from their social circle because of who they are wed to.

    • Word count: 886
  5. An investigation and analysis of the role of women in contemporary Islam in the context of a multicultural society

    Analysing how Muslim women can stay true to their Islamic faith in such a society is an integral part of this essay. In Islam family life from many famous scholars is referred to as being the 'corner-stone of society' as it brings new generations into the world, therefore the parents have very important duties to play. They also have vital duties and obligations towards one-another. The duties of a husband and the wife towards each other are clearly stated in Islam (Qur'an 4:34).

    • Word count: 2338
  6. Despite the Australian context, The Removalists, is able to dramatize convincingly issues, which are relevant to any society. Discuss.

    Immediately, Simmond's relaxed sitting position in contrast with Ross' uncomfortable and uneasy standing position depicts the different power status between the two. The motion of Simmond "circling" Ross further distinguishes the different amount of power and authority held by each character. Other than the application of stagecraft, physical body language also plays an important part in portraying social issues. As particularly highlighted by the character of Simmonds, it is common that power and violence, some of which are illegal and invalid, are being overused within the society for various reasons.

    • Word count: 1614
  7. Social Action vs. Social Structure - Are people the “Puppets of Society?”

    Possibly the system can be called unfair, it is a fair comment, but it can be taken back to the individuals school life. They could have been a mis-behaving student in a low set, or a mis-behaving student who is very able, yet due to their behaviour failed certain tests (i.e. 11+) and was sent to a secondary modern or technical school which are not as reliable of releasing students with top grades as say, a public or grammar school is.

    • Word count: 444
  8. The Patriarchal Society

    It is quickly evident that Bigger is on the bottom rung of the social ladder. He is poor, black, and denied any chance to advance himself in life; As Ann Algeo put it, "Bigger is poor, uneducated and considered a nonperson... the only other people held in such low regard are communists" (Algeo p50). Bigger, like many African American males faced with these conditions, turns to acts of violence (though initially accidentally) in an attempt to leave the bottom of the patriarchal pyramid. His first act of violence is the murder of Mary Dalton, the daughter of his landlord.

    • Word count: 2052
  9. Little Red Cap: A Reflection of the Past

    Men were spiritual leaders because they were considered to be spiritually superior and more vigilant than women. The Brothers Grimm's version of "Little Red Cap" reflects the ideologies of the time period in which it was written with respect to social values, gender roles and religious expectations. Social values are society's position as to what is desirable or undesirable. One of the social values in this folktale is that a woman's place is primarily in the home and a man is to leave the home to earn a living. Little Red Cap leaves her house only to travel to her grandmother's home.

    • Word count: 816
  10. Jan Muir and Roleplaying

    Jean Muir plays the game to her advantage and in so doing subverts and challenges the rules of the game. She has a whole array of costumes, make-up, wigs..etc. She uses these to control and portay a certain public image, acting different roles for different people and for different occasions. The importance and the the power behind role-playing is revealed early on in the text when Jean Muir retires to her room and removes her 'mask' ; her hair, her make-up, 'several pearly teeth' and 'appeared herself indeed, a haggard, worn and moody woman of thirty at least'.

    • Word count: 1983
  11. Civil Disobedience

    My plan was not to gauge others' attitudes by asking them to talk to me; the potential audience is limited, as many people do not like being stopped in the street. There is also the danger of the 'Hawthorne effect' - if subjects are aware they are being tested their responses will be altered. Instead I chose a public place - Broad St, Reading - to begin a loud discussion on law with a friend. At first passers by just ignored us, keeping their distance.

    • Word count: 877
  12. Discuss the Formation and Social Impact of Religion and Belief Systems

    For example, by this definition communism could be regarded as a religion even though it explicitly rejects religious beliefs. In addition, medicine and leisure can address the means to deal with the 'ultimate problems of human life', which itself is nebulous and open to interpretation. On the other hand, substantive definitions are concerned with the content of religion rather than its function or purpose. Here we find the discerning content between religion and other belief systems is that religion can be defined in terms of supernatural beliefs.

    • Word count: 2946
  13. Assess the contributions that functionalists, Marxist's and feminists have made to the study of the family

    This was the basis for his argument that the family performs four basic functions; sexual, reproductive, economic and educational. He sees the family as integral to society and ideal for producing capable adults. Its 'many sided utility' makes it indispensable for society and accounts for its universitility and inevitabilty. Parsons stated that there were two basic and irreducible functions of the family: Primary socialisation of children, Stabilisation of adult personalities. Primary socialisation is when the child of a family is taught the specific norms and values of the particular society and his/her role in society.

    • Word count: 1421
  14. Has the family became symmetrical?

    The symmetrical family - developed from the early 20th century, spreading from the middle class to the working class (stratified diffusion). Home centred family life, greater equality between men and women and less role segregation by sex. Family type-nuclear. In their study Young and Wilmott found that 72% of husbands did housework other than washing up during the course of a week. They also found that men help more with raising children and that leisure time and decision-making is becoming increasingly shared.

    • Word count: 836
  15. Are exam results gender related?

    This will be re-iterated later in this coursework. Data for all subjects available will be "grouped" to determine if exam results are gender related overall. Also, data for specific subjects will be analysed in order to discover if one sex does better than the other. The GCSE subjects that will be analysed and discussed are English, Science, French, Maths and I.T. Also, all A Level subjects will be "grouped" and analysed. I think this gives an appropriate spread of subjects with different skills involved, so the data could be used to comment on whether girls and boys have different skills.

    • Word count: 3205
  16. Social Security Through History.

    Anger came from many occupiers of land as all were to be taxed by the parish to pay for the work that inmates were sent to do. In modern society this is still the case workers are taxed out of there wages to provide for the needy and the sick. In 1601 an Act for the relief of the poor was set up and replaced a variety of previous Acts that recognised the state obligation to the needy. This Act was aimed at the church allocating relief and the use of correction houses for the vagrants.

    • Word count: 1804
  17. The role of women in society is very different today compared to the role of women in Victorian society, in the 19th Century. Discuss this statement with reference to Maggie Tulliver in ‘Mill On The Floss’

    Little by little the myth according to which women had to stay at home to carry out their "natural mission" of raising children, bearing children, and serving as an instrument of pleasure is dying out. Even though in small numbers, women began to be seen in some professions, up till then deemed "male," as they dared to enter careers such as law or transport, breaking down barriers, taboos, and prejudices. However these changes in attitudes towards women have not been shared across the world, countries such as Afghanistan still treat women with little or any respect and authority.

    • Word count: 1407
  18. What effects did America’s prosperity have on the way life of different social groups in US society?

    Not only were these houses identical but the lives of the people living in them were stereotyped as well. Father went to work, mother stayed home and the children all went to the same school. On Sundays the family went to church and out of work or school the family took part in activities such as baseball. However this mass move to suburbia had other effects. The first was 'Keeping up with the Jones's'. This was an obsession with people living in the suburbs. Whatever your next-door neighbour had, you had to have one better. If the people living a few doors down bought a new fridge you had to get the next model up.

    • Word count: 863
  19. The poet William Blake refers to ‘the mind-forg’d manacles of man’. To what extent do nineteenth century novelists represent individuals as subject to psychological rather than social restrictions?

    Madame Bovary, p166 The writer ridicules the Church, and its failure to provide comfort, through a juxtaposition between a spiritual relationship with Jesus and an adulterous relationship with Emma's secret lover, and a juxtaposition between religious ideals, 'delights descended from the heavens', and harsh reality: 'tired limbs' 'a gigantic dupery'. Tied in with this is superstition, another societal restriction resulting from a need of faith: "Three black hens asleep in a tree. He shuddered, horrified at this omen. Then he promised the Holy Virgin three chasubles for the church" (Flaubert, 1995, p262).

    • Word count: 4225
  20. The Difference Gender Makes to Humour and Comedy in Contemporary British Culture.

    She also says that early women comics have occupied clearly defined roles, used only as comic objects. Those who made it to the stage operated in fixed stereotypes, for example, Barbara Windsor was a tartly, giggly blonde, others were mother-in-laws and housewives, Phyllis Diller originally had a frazzled housewife appearance on stage. Joan Davis was the 'funny person', she was clumsy and showed constant self-rebuke, but when a female tries to imitate the male 'funny-person' by wearing baggy clothes, she is classed as 'fat'.

    • Word count: 1974
  21. What Problems Do Older People Experience?

    This may be the skin just stretching. Elderly people become more susceptible to disease and illness as they age. Often all of their senses begin to fade/fail, for example their hearing or eyesight. Therefore the brain has to work harder to process everything. Elderly people become confused more easily because of this. Cartilage wears away and therefore bones wear away after many years causing a lot of pain. After many years, fat blocks arteries, which cause many heart problems, like blood clots. The body is always renewing itself. Each time a cell is copied to renew itself, the copy degrades and errors begin to creep in.

    • Word count: 1956
  22. Give a lecture to Swindon College students explaining how George Bernard Shaw uses the power of language to make his audience think about social change.

    a policeman's lookout. Language is major feature in class divisions, especially on the streets of London. There is a huge gap between the language and the structure of the language, of the Lower classes compared to the Middle and certainly Upper Classes. This is powerful in the structure of the play because we monitor Eliza's progress as she moves from the language of the gutter into a lady. Although her attitudes to some things have changed, because she has seen a new life, but she is actually the same person she always has been.

    • Word count: 2216
  23. The ever-increased violence with children is attributed to the rise of violent television and computer games.

    Newson, however, makes the point that only a correlation has been established between smoking and lung cancer. It's not correct to say that smoking causes lung cancer because the mechanism has not been explained. My second focus is a recent study by psychologist Rowell Huesmann. This states that girls who often watched shows featuring aggressive heroines in the 1970s have grown up more aggressive, and confrontational, e.g. shoving matches, chokings and knife fights, than women who had watched few or none of these shows.

    • Word count: 1295

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