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GCSE: Sociology

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  1. Evaluate the view that Religion acts as a conservative force in modern society.

    These 'traditions' are used in society to keep women in their place and are often not questioned. Feminists provide much evidence which supports the conservative role of Religion. A criticism is that, while God in Christianity is perceived as a male, in many Religions 'Goddess's' have a very important role and obtain much dominance over many males. Even today women have many leadership roles in the growing 'Pentecostal movement' Karl Marx and Tradition Marxism would agree that Religion acts as a conservative force as it "Justifies the dominance of the ruling class and provides consolation for the subject class" meaning the Bourgeoisie' are controlling the ideologies of the proletariat making them less likely to want revolution.

    • Word count: 1177
  2. 'The main function of religion is to provide people with a code of behavior which regulates personal and social life' Assess the extent to which sociological argument support this view of religion in modern society.

    He says that, "collective worship has a crucial social significance" as it constantly unifies the group; this frequent unification means that bonds between individual and the supernatural are reinforced by "re-pledging their support for values and beliefs". This shows that there is no worship towards a 'God'; it is simply to justify their beliefs. Durkheim also deems that "As society develops, it becomes more speicalised", this is based on the Functionalist idea of 'The division of labour'. As Industrialization created more specialist jobs through its evolution, through Religions Evolution it has also become more specialised, it "weakens the collective conscience".

    • Word count: 881
  3. "Marxism and other theories of social conflict are irrelevant to an understanding of modern society". Assess the extent to which sociological arguments and evidence support these views

    This view is similar to the Empiricist view of observations equaling knowledge. This positivist outlook justifies the lack for the need of conflict in modern society as what modernity strives on is the unity of Science and nature define the way society evolves. Gay (1973) taught us that "in struggle of man against nature the balance of power was shifting in favour of man" meaning that with the rise of industrialization and science leads to nature becoming redundant as an outside source to define human behavior, resulting in the irrelevance of social conflict and a conflict between man and nature.

    • Word count: 1081
  4. Discuss the key concepts within, and state the similarities and differences between, the following theories: Functionalism and Marxism.

    institutions rather than focusing on individual or small group interactions that would be of interest to theories such as Weber's social action theory. This particular approach is also known as a structural consensus perspective as it assumes that a certain degree of order and stability is essential in the maintenance of social systems. [The Consensus Perspective, October 3, 2006] It implies that society and social behaviour is all structured and governed by rules which appear in the form of values, providing a basic guideline for behaviour, or in the form of the more specific directives of roles and norms.

    • Word count: 2323
  5. Integrative assesment strand

    For example the recent media attention given to a report by the new UK Drug Policy Commission (UKDPC) which criticises current drug policy and suggests that the UK has the highest level of drug abuse in Europe. Similarly, an increase in knife and gun crimes which can be related back to gang culture and drugs has concerned the public as it continues to feature in the press. 1.2 Does the UK employ an effective policy for tackling the negative effects associated with drug use? 1.3 The aim of this investigation is to analyse contemporary UK drug policy and possible alternatives.

    • Word count: 6739
  6. Evaluate competing ideas on the effects of deprivation on a child during their early years

    The mother was going blind and the father kept her confined to the house. A connection with the outside world was maintained through the teenage son who went to school and did the family's shopping. Despite the appalling conditions in which she lived, Genie endured years of her life locked away. She was not toilet trained, had very little opportunity to hear conversation and her father beat her if she made a noise. The only way he would communicate to her was though animal sounding grunts and barking noises.

    • Word count: 1476
  7. sociology research hypothesis - Attitudes towards Arranged and Love marriages In the Indian community

    Background information - Types of arranged and love marriages Arranged marriage can mean many different things. There are different types of arranged marriages. Before, around 60 - 70 years ago or many even more, people arranged their children when they were at a very young age for example 9 months old. Children were promised at that age maybe because it was a family tradition or maybe the families knew each other and they agreed from then on. After they would have been promised they would start to talk to each other and get to know one another if they were at a suitable age.

    • Word count: 2400
  8. usefulness of quantitative and qualitative sources of data in studying suicide

    There may be a risk of bias in the way the researcher interprets qualitative data. Qualitative methods also have the problem of being difficult to replicate so they raise the issue of lack of reliability. Quantitative methods, however, may be more reliable but often lack validity as they involve collecting numerical data under often controlled conditions. Essentially, different types of research situations may be more suited to qualitative or quantitative methods. However, in many situations qualitative and quantitative methods may actually complement each other and researchers can benefit from the advantages of each.

    • Word count: 742
  9. Changing attitudes to marriage

    Marriage patterns and changes in family diversity has became as a part of our life- we can choose freely what we want to do, as post modernists would say, our lifestyles are much more about choice rather then tradition. In the past the marriage rate was high, because it was cheap to get married, women needed lots of support (such as money), it was very expensive to divorce, it seemed deviant not to get married etc. Marriage and divorce were complicated in the past, however now things nave changed a lot and they became much easier now.

    • Word count: 2328
  10. evaluation of methods

    This will definitely affect my results. When doing it together, they will often share their views to each other, and the result of this would be that each of their answer will be influenced by each other. If one thought that arranged marriages are actually very good, but as doing it with their friends, there will be more chance of them writing down what their friends think, meaning that their results will depend on their friends' results. This therefore shows that, my results are not going to accurate, since some of the results are not going to be accurate because some of the answers were relied upon others' answers.

    • Word count: 4541
  11. Mateship - origins and meaning

    Past - as the portion of the timeline that has already occurred; it is no longer current but gone by, over. The past is having existed in an earlier time, it is previous experiences and activities; it is beyond in time; beyond the power, scope, extent or influence of; it is beyond in development; having served formerly in a given capacity; it is of, relating to or being a form used to express an action or condition prior to the time it is expressed.

    • Word count: 1436
  12. secondry data on why people vote

    2001 578 72.4 2005 554 67.6 This table has shown me to focus mainly on the labour and conservative parties due to them dominating the political agenda. This means that the labour and conservatives are the two which mainly debate over the policies. I researched the BBC news web pages to look into the main political bodies so I had a full awareness of all the other parties registered with the electoral commission. These are some of the constituencies found in the UK: Labour Conservatives Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Ulster Unionist Party SDLP Democratic Unionist Party Sinn

    • Word count: 933
  13. Why are girls out-performing boys at GCSE

    Instead of fact-retention and recall, in which girls and boys are roughly equally proficient, the question now requires empathy, something that females excel in, and at which males are useless. However many disagree with the subjects being more feminine and suggest that there are other reasons such as major sporting events that distract the boys progress. On the BBC from James, UK says: Has it not occurred to anyone that the World Cup was on during the GCSE exam period?

    • Word count: 2580
  14. Once Upon A Time in America

    The plot of this movie fits in well with all the three major theoretical perspectives in Sociology: the Conflict Theory, Symbolic Interactionism, and Functional Analysis. One can find a lot of examples of the conflict theory throughout this movie. It is a story most of us have heard many times. The boys grow up, make their own gang, fight their enemies, chase their lovers, and eventually wind up in betrayal. But the story is not told from all their points of view.

    • Word count: 739
  15. Family and Households

    They also pursued justice on behalf of one another; if one family member were hard done by; all the other family members would help sort it out. The pre-industrial societies were largely based on extended kinship networks; land and other resources were commonly owned by a range of relatives that extended well beyond the unit of the nuclear family. It was very common for families to work alongside their cousins and even live with them. This extended family was responsible for the production of the shelter, food and clothing for the family.

    • Word count: 624
  16. The ethics of IVF treatment.

    This issue has been in the news recently, when Natallie Evans lost her appeal to the European Court of Human Rights to use her and her ex-partners embryos against his will. The first piece of media I am going to use is an article from 'The Guardian' which has the headline "Woman loses battle to use frozen embryos created with her ex-fiance". It says a woman who was left infertile by ovarian cancer lost a five-year long battle for her right to use the frozen embryos that she created with her former partner.

    • Word count: 718
  17. School Newsletter

    We were given a deadline as to when we had to submit the articles to the editors, and once our stories had been written, we then sent them to the editors via email who would comment, edit and then submit to be published in the newsletter. Throughout the year, I wrote three articles about recent events and issues affecting our school community. An issue I researched was the school's proposal to the council to move to another location in West Ealing.

    • Word count: 645
  18. Free essay

    I am not convinced that it is a familys fault that they are living in poverty. There are many things that cause it.

    I believe that this is one of the leading factors in poverty. There are many children who would love to have an education, but they haven't additional resources to survive if they don't contribute to the well being of their family. Poor health lowers the amount of work impoverished unhealthy individuals can do, their income becomes lower and they fall deeper into poverty. Disease such as HIV/AIDS or malaria can cut off a major source of income for a family and can also result in high medical costs that many impoverished families cannot afford or even death.

    • Word count: 674
  19. Gender difference

    It will also provide me the grounds to explore possible links between gender and educational success in their experience. This would be my primary research. My secondary piece of research would be to look at existing exam results from previous years and seek the more successful gender. I predict that the more successful gender would be the girls. I intend to test this predication and also find out why, during the course of this investigation. I would also look at sociologists' research on this topic and relate my findings to these theories. Some of the key concepts in my work are: * Socialisation- Boys and Girls are socialised differently and have different upbringings.

    • Word count: 2413
  20. Pre-industrial society and the views on children

    This was primarily because children were seen as small adults, being labelled as such meant that children took responsibility for themselves, if children were too young to work then they were expected to look after younger siblings. Crimes such as theft were punishable as severely and children caught stealing could face being hung, theses children probably didn't know that it was wrong to steal as they had noone to set an example for them. Parents were working for over 75 hours per week and just simply did not have enough time to worry and care about their children, the parents worked for this long so that they could afford simple things such as basis food and shelter.

    • Word count: 786
  21. Marxist and feminist theories help our understanding of religion in society differently

    By comforting people it dilutes the demand for change, religion stupefies its adherents adhere than bringing them true happiness. For Marxists religion also acts as a mechanism of social control by keeping people in their place. It does this by making difficult lives bearable which discourages people from changing their situation. Religion offers an illusion of hope in hopeless situation and by providing justifications for society religion distorts reality and helps to produce false consciousness. The ruling classes also adopt religious beliefs to justify their dominance i.e.

    • Word count: 730
  22. Analyse of myself

    At School I am a student the norm is that it is expected that I sit and do my work, participate when required and it is my responsibility to do my homework which I do, do which is more than I can say for what I do at home.

    • Word count: 503
  23. The power of democracy.

    One of the main differences between the early and the modern democracies is that the early democracy of Athens was a direct one, i.e., people had the right to pass laws themselves while a modern democracy (e.g. Malta) is a representative one, i.e., people choose, by means of elections, the person to represent them in parliament. Before, laws passed "from the hands of the many" while today the pass from the hands of the few. This is one of the few things that the modern democracy lost.

    • Word count: 722
  24. canteen food

    Mzizima's canteen has a very poor quality of food that leads to many health problems. For example, the canteen provides French fries which are rich in carbohydrates. The fat content of the oil in which the potatoes are fried is too saturated and brings about obesity in students,. A lot of oil is deposited in their body which forms a layer around their hearts. Studies show that: "Most students, 95% of the men and 70% of women consume too much of Junk food provided in schools that causes hypertension"1.

    • Word count: 714
  25. Have conjugal roles changed in the last 50 years? Design section

    I think this because the couple of fifty years would have very segregated conjugal roles perhaps because they would be sticking to the conjugal roles that were traditional of their generation. Whereas the younger cohabiting couple of only a few years I think would tend to have shared conjugal roles, because in our current society it isn't uncommon for both partners to have a career and it's most likely that they would both have a job. This might effect the tasks they carry out in the home as they may have equal time in the home.

    • Word count: 866

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