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A Woman's Place Is In The Home - People who agree with this statement - Lionel Tiger & Rob Fox The Imperial Animal 1972

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Introduction

A Woman's Place Is In The Home People who agree with this statement: Lionel Tiger & Rob Fox --> The Imperial Animal 1972 These two anthropologists say that to see behaviour simply in terms of culture ignores biogrammar e.g. A genetically based program, which predisposes human beings to behave in certain ways. Since 99.9% of mans existence has been spent as a hunter and gatherer it is reasonable to assume that he has become genetically adapted to this way of life. Men are more aggressive and dominant because of male hormones (testosterone) which create behaviour appropriate for their role. Women are programmed (oestrogen) for reproduction and care of children. "The mother is totally essential for the well being of the child. Attempts to abolish gender roles will go against nature". What Tiger and Fox are saying that from day one men have been the person of the family who goes out to work and the woman stays at home and takes care of the children. They also say that biological hormones have programmed men to be like men and women to be like women so it would go against nature to make changes to these gender roles. George Murdock --> Social Structure 1949 This functionalist suggests that it is not genetic differences but differences in reproductive biology which create the sexual division of labour e.g. The greater physical strength of men and the fact that women bare and nurse children leads to separate gender roles because it is practicle and efficient to do so. ...read more.

Middle

Oakley says that we are tremendously diverse. Jessie Bernard --> The Future Of The Family 1976 Bernard a feminist criticises Willmott & Young's theory of symmetrical families as representing a male view because there is a need to look at the husbands and the wife's marriage separately because the benefits to each are radically different. "There is no greater guarantee of long life health and happiness for a man than a wife well-socialised into devoting her life to taking care of him and providing the regularity and security of a well ordered home". The wife's marriage is rather different as evidenced by the research, which shows more wives than husbands express marrital dissatisfaction e.g. demand most divorces. Compared with single women, married women are more likely to suffer from physical and mental ill health. Bernard claims that for married women there is a Pygmalion effect involving a woman conforming to the wishes and needs of her husband. She concludes that given the evidence of the harmful effects of marriage on women "In truth being a housewife makes women sick". Bernard's quote means that not only are housewives sick physically but mentally they feel sick also. Hannah Gavron --> The Captive Wife : Conflicts Of Housebound Mothers 1966 Gavron looked at the lives of fourty-eight working class and fourty-eight middleclass women with small children in north London. Her sampling frame was a doctors list and this is what she noticed: The women were asked questions about home life, marriage equality, children, leisure and work. ...read more.

Conclusion

The rape was a few days after she had left him. A 2000 Home Office study estimated that there are 300 thousand rapes and serious assaults on women in a year although only 10% are reported. Most of the assailants are known to the victims e.g. are husbands, lovers, boyfriends. Stranger rape is falling. Traditional Patriarchy is stil around but is decreasing due to females being more educated and willing to work even after they are married. Conclusion Finch and Mason --> looked at negotiations around family responsibility in 1993 They found that there was no general agreement about the level of help and obligation one should feel towards family members. They therefore argue that we should talk about guidelines rather than rules in this respect, as what is expected within families seems to be varied. It is here that the importance of negotiation becomes apparent. The lack of clear rules leaves room for discussion, taking the form of negotiations about the type and amount of help to be given or expected. Most Patriarchy theorists believe that a woman's place is at home and to some extent it maybe but it is also arguably to say that what is it that women can do that men can't in the home. Some radical feminists say that all men lead to patriarchal views but this is a biased view and it is not justified. Other feminists say men lead to domestic violence to keep women under control but there are also minorities where women attack men. In today's society people have choices and if these choices are denied they cause problems. Chirag Patel - 1 - ...read more.

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