• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

A Woman's Place Is In The Home - People who agree with this statement - Lionel Tiger & Rob Fox The Imperial Animal 1972

Extracts from this document...


A Woman's Place Is In The Home People who agree with this statement: Lionel Tiger & Rob Fox --> The Imperial Animal 1972 These two anthropologists say that to see behaviour simply in terms of culture ignores biogrammar e.g. A genetically based program, which predisposes human beings to behave in certain ways. Since 99.9% of mans existence has been spent as a hunter and gatherer it is reasonable to assume that he has become genetically adapted to this way of life. Men are more aggressive and dominant because of male hormones (testosterone) which create behaviour appropriate for their role. Women are programmed (oestrogen) for reproduction and care of children. "The mother is totally essential for the well being of the child. Attempts to abolish gender roles will go against nature". What Tiger and Fox are saying that from day one men have been the person of the family who goes out to work and the woman stays at home and takes care of the children. They also say that biological hormones have programmed men to be like men and women to be like women so it would go against nature to make changes to these gender roles. George Murdock --> Social Structure 1949 This functionalist suggests that it is not genetic differences but differences in reproductive biology which create the sexual division of labour e.g. The greater physical strength of men and the fact that women bare and nurse children leads to separate gender roles because it is practicle and efficient to do so. ...read more.


Oakley says that we are tremendously diverse. Jessie Bernard --> The Future Of The Family 1976 Bernard a feminist criticises Willmott & Young's theory of symmetrical families as representing a male view because there is a need to look at the husbands and the wife's marriage separately because the benefits to each are radically different. "There is no greater guarantee of long life health and happiness for a man than a wife well-socialised into devoting her life to taking care of him and providing the regularity and security of a well ordered home". The wife's marriage is rather different as evidenced by the research, which shows more wives than husbands express marrital dissatisfaction e.g. demand most divorces. Compared with single women, married women are more likely to suffer from physical and mental ill health. Bernard claims that for married women there is a Pygmalion effect involving a woman conforming to the wishes and needs of her husband. She concludes that given the evidence of the harmful effects of marriage on women "In truth being a housewife makes women sick". Bernard's quote means that not only are housewives sick physically but mentally they feel sick also. Hannah Gavron --> The Captive Wife : Conflicts Of Housebound Mothers 1966 Gavron looked at the lives of fourty-eight working class and fourty-eight middleclass women with small children in north London. Her sampling frame was a doctors list and this is what she noticed: The women were asked questions about home life, marriage equality, children, leisure and work. ...read more.


The rape was a few days after she had left him. A 2000 Home Office study estimated that there are 300 thousand rapes and serious assaults on women in a year although only 10% are reported. Most of the assailants are known to the victims e.g. are husbands, lovers, boyfriends. Stranger rape is falling. Traditional Patriarchy is stil around but is decreasing due to females being more educated and willing to work even after they are married. Conclusion Finch and Mason --> looked at negotiations around family responsibility in 1993 They found that there was no general agreement about the level of help and obligation one should feel towards family members. They therefore argue that we should talk about guidelines rather than rules in this respect, as what is expected within families seems to be varied. It is here that the importance of negotiation becomes apparent. The lack of clear rules leaves room for discussion, taking the form of negotiations about the type and amount of help to be given or expected. Most Patriarchy theorists believe that a woman's place is at home and to some extent it maybe but it is also arguably to say that what is it that women can do that men can't in the home. Some radical feminists say that all men lead to patriarchal views but this is a biased view and it is not justified. Other feminists say men lead to domestic violence to keep women under control but there are also minorities where women attack men. In today's society people have choices and if these choices are denied they cause problems. Chirag Patel - 1 - ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. One is not born, but rather becomes a woman' (de Beauvoir 1956). Discuss the ...

    His theory was based on countless successful gender reassignment operations he had performed. Money's only provisos were that such "sex assignments" be done as early as possible - preferably within weeks of birth - and that once the sex was decided on, it was to be kept a secret from

  2. "Age is a social construct". How far do you agree with this statement?

    This enforces the different handling of the transitional period of different societies depending on its tastes. Old age is said to be socially constructed in that in Western society when someone reaches 'old age' they tend to be treated differently.

  1. The purpose of this essay is to describe four studies relating to gender each ...

    (O'Donnell, 1988, page 271) Pollert insisted that women working in factories such as this one are faced with 'double subordination', as they are both working class and female, thus women are confronted with additional controlling methods used by men as a tool of oppression.

  2. Compare and contrast the portrayal of Indian marriages in the stories 'The Old Woman' ...

    trying to emphasise on the continuity of such traditions and customs and how they are strictly followed, even today. The position of the mother-in-law is mentioned, also in "The Bhorwani Marriage", but it is more subtle there as there are no direct comments regarding the matter, although the requirements of

  1. Comparison between 'Woman Work' and 'Overheard in County Sligo'

    Woman Work starts with a long list of chores that she needs to do. This highlights her massive workload that she has to deal with. This verse is the largest to emphasise all the jobs that she must do. In Woman Work, I feel the atmosphere is very sad.

  2. What do sociologists mean by culture? What functions does it perform in society? How, ...

    Christmas when it is customary to have a tree and receive presents in the majority of Western society (normally in Christian families). Another example is when at a funeral in Britain it is customary to mourn and wear black, to wear a pink suit would be seen as breaking social

  1. Is George Murdock's 'Nuclear Family' still, the norm in British society?

    Asking the individual to put their questionnaire in a blank envelope once they had completed it, and then hand it to me. Not only, does this mean confidentially will be kept, it will also allow the participant freedom to disclose information without them fearing they will be judged, as there

  2. Shifting Gender Norms: The Ideal Woman in Story of an African Farm.

    (140), that women need no education to raise and educate children (139), that equality will bring about the death of love (140), and that women can choose not to marry if the institution and its laws that favor men do not suit them (139-140)-all with common sense.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work