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An experiment to find out which adjectives of human behaviour is gender stereotyped (which sex the word is mainly associated to).

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Introduction

An experiment to find out which adjectives of human behaviour is gender stereotyped (which sex the word is mainly associated to) Abstract: The aim of my investigation is to find out which of the following words are generally associated to each of the sexes: * Emotional * Resourceful * Witty * Forgiving * Affectionate * Cruel * Hard-headed * Fussy * Warm * Confident These words will hopefully show how genders can be stereotyped by a group of teenagers. I will ask thirty participants (fifteen males and fifteen females) to judge weather they would associate words to either males or females. These participants were randomly selected from a chosen population. Introduction: Gender stereotypes are ideas that embody the expectations of gender roles (gender roles are behaviours and attitudes that society expects from each gender. These are obtained through the socialisation process). They are beliefs about what males and females are supposed to do. These are generalised ideas. Gender stereotypes are believed to be often learnt through the social learning theory. This is because gender stereotypes that are portrayed in the media have a powerful influence on all of us, especially children who are acquiring their own gender identity. ...read more.

Middle

This target population is aged sixteen to nineteen years of age and includes people of different ethnic backgrounds, religious beliefs and genders. Materials: The materials which have been used for this investigation are thirty A4 papers which have the instructions for the participants with the twelve adjectives printed on and a black ball point pen. Procedure: The following is a step by step procedure of how to carry out the investigation: 1. Select a population of sixth form students. In this investigation, students were selected from Longslade Community College's sixth form. 2. Randomly select fifteen males and fifteen females to be the participants 3. Place the participants one by one into laboratory conditions. This laboratory condition is used to reduce the chance of confounding variables affecting the results. The main confounding variable to be avoided is other people influencing the participants' decisions. Demand characteristics can also be avoided by the experimenter not being present when the participants are judging the adjectives. 4. The participant will read the instructions to the investigation 5. The participant will then use the black ball point pen to tick the relevant box to their judgement of the adjective (they will have to decide weather the word is mainly associated to males or females in their opinion). ...read more.

Conclusion

Their results are identical to the results of this investigation. My results also agree with the original hypothesis (H1) which stated their will be a significant difference in the number of times a sex associates an adjective to a specific gender. From my results, I can conclude that gender stereotypes are still used by many people. The population, society, still expects people from different genders to act and behave in specific ways depending on their sex. I think my research has added to our understanding of this area of study as it has specifically found which adjectives are associated to males or females. It also shows that these gender stereotypes are still believed by modern society. I don't believe any confounding variables have affected the results. Evaluation: If this investigation was to be repeated, it could be improved in the following ways: * More participants would be included to exclude any irregular results that may have occurred. This would also give a more accurate average result * More adjectives would be included that describe human behaviours * More people from different populations would be used as participants * For further research, cross cultural research could be carried out. This would find any differences in gender stereotypes from different belief from around the world. ...read more.

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