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Anarchism and Marxism - what's the difference?

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Collectivist Anarchism The philosophical roots of Collectivist Anarchism lie in socialism rather than liberalism. Collectivists believe that human beings are social animals better suited to working together for the common good, than for individual interests. When people are linked together by a common humanity they have no need to be controlled or regulated by a government. As Michael Bakunin proclaimed, 'social solidarity is the first human law, freedom is the second law'. Collectivist anarchists are sometimes criticised for holding a na�ve and hopelessly optimistic view of human nature. ...read more.


But Collectivists and Marxists do come into conflict over a couple of things... Firstly Anarchists criticise Marxism's deterministic character, taking destiny out of the hands of the people, and making it an economic certainty. Marxists view the proletariat as the only truly revolutionary class, whereas anarchists view everyone from peasants, to students, to the ethnic minorities, as victims of repression. The ideologies also differ in the need for a 'vanguard party', with the specific purpose of leading the oppressed to utopia. Anarchists have always rejected traditional political means, and that only a spontaneous uprising of the masses can lead to true anarchism, and so avoid a... ...read more.


Anarchists as a consequence often use the Kronstadt Naval Mutiny as an example of Marxist failings. This new proletarian state, massacred the sailors responsible via the same means that the old, repressive, bourgeois state would have employed. Radical Democracy Whilst Liberals see democracy as a viable way of offering both an accountable (via elations), and a legitimate (by voting you give your consent to be ruled) government. Anarchists argue that this is just a clever ruse to get you to consent to your own oppression and subjugation. Anarchists as a have as a consequence turned to a more direct form of democracy, as suggested by Rosseau. A much more decentralised system, where small communities manage their own affairs, on a voluntary basis. By Sunny and Jon 1 ...read more.

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