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Asses the view that conjugal roles are now almost equal

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Asses the view that conjugal roles are now almost equal Conjugal roles are the roles a husband and wife have within their marriage. During the industrial period, domestic labour primarily became the woman's role and the man's role was to work. Oakley (1974) stated that this was due to the series of Factory Acts from 1819 onwards that restricted the labour of children and then women. Gradually women were excluded from a number of industries, so they and their children were economically dependant on men. These restrictions to the home meant that the domestic labour was the only role for women; thus creating segregated roles. However, recently, according to Young and Willmott (1973), family life has steadily improved for its members as it becomes more equal. This movement away from the segregated roles was a step forward to integrated roles - where the roles of the husband and wife are similar. ...read more.


Unfortunately this burden is not significant and causes the women to have a double 'shift' of employment and domestic chores. However, Young and Willmott claimed the roles were becoming increasingly similar, as in the home, couple's shared their work and shared their time. Husbands increasingly helped with domestic chores such as washing up and cleaning; though this still remained the main responsibility of the woman. Decisions about family life were shared greatly, and it appeared that the division of labour based on gender was breaking down. The study by Young and Willmott shows that conjugal roles are now becoming more and more parallel. Further evidence of a movement towards greater equality in domestic labour is by Gershuny (1992). He analysed data from 1974 to 1978. It showed the gradual increase in the amount of household chores performed by men. He claimed that it increased the greatest when the wives are in full-time employment. ...read more.


Another problem is the responsibility. This is because there is a difference between helping to do a task than it actually being a person's responsibility. Finally, job satisfaction - time studies tell us little about the amount of satisfaction women and men derive from domestic labour. Women do tedious and monotonous tasks, whereas men do the interesting and creative tasks. In conclusion, there are considerable amounts of studies to prove whether conjugal roles are becoming more equal. I believe that conjugal roles are levelling out because women have more say in their lives and what they can do in them. I feel that the emotion work is gendered towards the women as men are 'emotionally distant'. Finances are gendered towards the male, as it tends to be the person with the highest wage has the biggest say in how it is spent. Decision making is mixed. The women dominate the decisions on food, clothes and interior decorations. Whereas the men dominate whether the family move house or buy a new car. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amy Morris 12/8 Sociology Family ...read more.

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