• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Assess Sociological Explanations for the Relationship between the Family and Industrialisation"

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Assess Sociological Explanations for the Relationship between the Family and Industrialisation" There were several different views on exactly what the relationship was between Industrialisation and its effect on the family. Most sociologists accept the idea that before Industrialisation, trends in the family suggested that they lived and worked together as an extended family. This type of family unit and how it changed is central to the arguments of several key researchers. Parsons, a functionalists, argued that pre-industrial (extended) family performed many of the functions that modern society now serves. (Such as education / support / and health). He believe that in the present, due to structural differentiation, more specialised institutions have risen in modern society. Parsons argues that there are now only two basic family functions left today: The primary socialisation of children and the stabilisation of adult personalities Parsons view is fairly controversial as he is criticised by many other sociologists that have formed strong arguments against his ideas. ...read more.

Middle

Willmott and Young believe in the privatisation and promotion of the nuclear family. A new institution, much smaller and self contained, mainly with the individuals expressing themselves within this unit. They agree with Parsons Idea of specialisation of the isolated nuclear family, yet they also produced their own theory: The Three Historical stages of the family. (Pre-Industrial, early industrial, and symmetrical stages). Authors such as Parsons, Willmott, Young, and Fletcher have all suggested that it was the process of industrialisation that brought the later symmetrical stages, which contrasted to their prequel stages. They believe that the along side the isolated nuclear family, there emerged the modified extended family (in which through the use of technology such as the phone, there can be maintenance of contact and support across great distances). Anderson did research based on the historical research carried out by Preston, intent on showing the rise of the Modified Extended Nuclear Family that came about due to hardship in early industrial times. ...read more.

Conclusion

I believe that the industrial revolution brought about a massive change in the structure of society, and that the fact that the family has changed is agreed by all. Functionalists believe that family adapted smoothly so as to fulfil the demands of the industrial society while surviving. To do this it needed to modify the extended family, and become more dependant internally for support. Marxists believe that the revolution preyed upon the working classes by locking them into dull, alienating roles of work. The integration of unfair employment terms and the new machines, allowed capitalism to rise and dominate in modern society. Whether either is right, it is true that the nuclear family is common today. The working class has not revolted in most industrialised countries, and the fact that society continues to function without visible friction, suggests that a state of harmony has been achieved. Marxists would suggest this harmony is a mere illusion, but I believe the functionalist approach of adaptation and indefinite stability is the most relevant, and well backed up here. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Changes in Family Roles

    idea of the symmetrical family shows that women's roles have taken a turn. Women now have a voice in the family and they are now permitted to have a job. Also, the reasons for this are that women started getting educated at which point, they were able to get jobs

  2. As society has become more industrial, the family has changed structurally along withit and ...

    The family being a unit of consumption, with an economic role to play in society, is a view held by some Marxist theorists. In particular, Zaretsky (1976), is an integral part of the capitalist economy, whereby the labour of women is directed towards the reproduction of subsequent generations of workers,

  1. Assess the view that the modern family is symmetrical

    This, they discovered leads to resentment and can ultimately lead to the breakdown of the family unit. A survey carried out by the Office for National Statistics in 2004 also discovered that men in full time employment have on average an extra half hour of free time per week day, compared to women in full time employment.

  2. Examine the effects of industrialisation on the structure of the family

    Parsons believed that the separation of extended families caused nuclear families to be formed in order to take advantage of the new job opportunities that had been brought about. He also argued that the second fundamental change to the family was that they no longer needed to produce their own

  1. 'Examine the effects of industrialisation on the structure of the family'

    He concluded that 10% of households in England (1564 - 1821) include kin beyond the nuclear family. He claims hoe the nuclear family households may have been a characteristic of much of North West Europe and Laslett argues that this may have been important factor encouraging the process of industrialisation.

  2. “The nuclear family is the cornerstone of society”.Discuss with reference to three sociological perspectives.

    Functionalism assumes that society is a complex system (whole unit) whose parts work together to promote stability.These parts is social institutions: The economy, government, the health care establishment, the family and so on. It also focuses on the functional requirements, or needs of a social system that must be met

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work