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"Assess Sociological Explanations for the Relationship between the Family and Industrialisation"

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  • Essay length: 799 words
  • Submitted: 27/08/2003
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GCSE Sociology

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"Assess Sociological Explanations for the Relationship between the Family and Industrialisation"

There were several different views on exactly what the relationship was between Industrialisation and its effect on the family. Most sociologists accept the idea that before Industrialisation, trends in the family suggested that they lived and worked together as an extended family. This type of family unit and how it changed is central to the arguments of several key researchers.

Parsons, a functionalists, argued that pre-industrial (extended) family performed many of the functions that modern society now serves. (Such as education / support / and health). He believe that in the present, due to structural differentiation, more specialised institutions have risen in modern society. Parsons argues that there are now only two basic family functions left today: The primary socialisation of children and the stabilisation of adult personalities

Parsons view is fairly controversial as he is criticised by many other sociologists that have formed strong arguments against his ideas. Laslett, a historian, revealed that there was no solid evidence that the extended family was ever dominant in the pre-industrial society, that modernisation took place so easily because the family was already mobile. He uncovered historical

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