• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess Sociological explanations of increasing educational underachievement among boys in contemporary Britain

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assess Sociological explanations of increasing educational underachievement among boys in contemporary Britain When talking about the fact that females 'out do' males in the classroom it is not simply a case of 'boys doing badly, girls doing well'. The relationship between gender and attainment is much more complex; It is not the same in all subjects- boys perform slightly better in GCSE math's than girls, it can not be applied to all levels of education, particularly university where the drop out rate is higher amongst girls and also it has changed throughout history. Many different reasons are behind the different levels of achievement, for instance the Hidden Curriculum, 'Laddish Culture', Biology and changing attitudes. In 2003, 57.8% of girls got five A*-C grades compared to 47.5% of boys.1 Which shows just how dramatic the difference is in the gender gap. The schooling system has changed dramatically to reach what it is today in contemporary Britain. Woman weren't allowed to even sit exams until the late 19th Century when the London examining board permitted it. ...read more.

Middle

Shaw3). A study done by Rosenthal and Jacobson, on the effects of labelling on American elementary school children showed that labelling does effect your education. Therefore, if teachers label males as underachieving compared to females, they will be. A valid criticism of this is the fact that labelling can work two ways, either the pupil will live up to their expectation (the Self Fulfilling Prophecy) or they will rebel against their label, and 'prove the teacher wrong'. An explanation of the reason for educational underachievement in boys is the biological one, or also known and the genetic explanation. One argument is that females mature earlier than males. This can be shown in girls out doing males exams taken at a younger age, for example the 11plus. It also explains the fact that in the past males out done females at exams taken above the age of 16. Although this does not explain why females are progressively outdoing males at all levels, including post 16 exams. ...read more.

Conclusion

This may be due to the change in the working sectors, as more 'feminine' jobs come in, less 'masculine' jobs are available (for instance, labour work). This could lead to the males not having sufficient male role models. In conclusion I believe that it is a mixture of different factors that are effecting the male underachievement in education, in contemporary Britain. These include, changing female attitudes and roles, biology, the development of a 'Laddish Culture', and the Hidden Curriculum. I don't believe you could put it down to just one of these explanations. I also believe that something needs to be done to help the males become equal with females in educations as, "If present trends continue then females will be the dominant gender in education."6 1 DfEE statistics 2 Reynolds, Kate Feminist Thinking on Education (Social Studies Review, March 1991) page 200 3 Lawson, Tony AZ Sociology Handbook 2nd Edition (Hodder and Stoughter 2000) Page 228 4 BBC news Girls top of the class worldwide BBC MMIV 16th September 2003 5 Ibid 6 Taylor, Paul Sociology in Focus (Causeway Press Limited 2002) page 303 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Sociological investigation into why do girls do better than boys in school.

    I think that Pupils believe that this is the reason due to them seeing boys in their 'groups of mates', and they don't see one another revising, or working independently. Members of my family seem to concentrate on the view that Girls are more independent, I think this is due

  2. The Hidden Curriculum; Hegemony and Capitalism.

    use of the education system try to establish and maintain their sense of coercion or domination over the people. In his article entitled, "Multiculturalism or Ethnic Hegemony: A Critique of Multicultural Education in Toronto," Aminur Rahim discovered that, "a dominant ethnic group, by virtue of its political power, plays a

  1. Is working class underachievement better explained by factors inside or outside the school?

    Working classes tend to emphasise collectivism rather than individualism. Hyman says that most middle class occupations provide more than one opportunity and chance for advancement, which includes income and status; this contributes towards a better future and lifestyle. Where as within working class occupations there are less chances and opportunities to better themselves such as the chances of promotion.

  2. Analysing Education in Britain. Student fees, Acadamies and Differences in Attainment Levels.

    Class has the most important effect on educational attainment. It is three times greater than ethnicity, although ethnicity comes second and has around twice the effect as gender. The Sutton trust has recently came out with a study that states that Pupils on free school meals are fifty five times

  1. Why are girls out-performing boys at GCSE

    My pilot study was my friend Louise May, when her test came back and it had performance for a lot of the questions I realised I had to say, if it is to do with performance what might affect it.

  2. To try and find out why girls are outperforming boys in GCSEexaminations?

    Advantages: * Provides quantitative data (data in statistical form) * Easy to conduct and are Cheap & quick * Efficient & Have a high response rate Disadvantages: * Some of the respondents may lie * If the interviewer is not present then some questions may be misunderstood * You do not know whether the right person has completed it,

  1. I think that Girls are better at maths than Boys.** I ...

    Year 8 = 64/170 x 25 = 9 Year 9 = 38/170 x 25 = 6 Year 10 = 68/170 x 25 = 10 9 + 6 +10 = 25 I made sure that my answers where correct by adding them up and they added up to 25 so the method did work.

  2. I predict that girls do better at GCSEs in Samuel Whitbread Community College than ...

    evaluate it to see if I was correct I what I predicted. * By gathering data in these ways I have stated I will review of results. METHODOLOGY Firstly I will use a questionnaire because they are relatively cheap to produce, easy to fill out and return, easy to understand,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work