• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the usefulness of participant observation in sociological research

Extracts from this document...


Assess the usefulness of participant observation in sociological research One of the most popular and widely used research methods is Participant Observation. Participant observation involves the observer in the activities of the people in that society, so that instead of just observing the people, the observer is able to get a more hands-on experience of how these people live their lives. There are all sorts of problems with simple observation. There are places where observers are prohibited - in government, in much of business, and often in the bedroom, but even where a person is allowed in the existence of a passive observer sat in a corner perhaps taking notes disturbs the participants and makes them change their behaviour. One solution is to observe a situation where the presence of observers is considered more normal, but these are few and far between. Another strategy is to be in a place so often and for so long that it becomes normal to be there. ...read more.


The other thing about participant observation is that it is good fun and you can make friends. Participant observation is very often inductive in actual method so you find certain things happening that put a whole new impetus into research, and you then follow up what is in effect a new hypothesis perhaps using other research methods. But there are disadvantages. One is the time required; another is the demand of participation, which may be illegal or dangerous. There is the potential of psychological change to who you are. The researcher can be accused of being subjective, especially if seen to be sympathetic, but even if only because of the necessary interpretation and retelling of the data. Furthermore you can never get away from the researcher effect, unless it is successfully covert. The disadvantages of participant observation are that it is sometimes unwelcome by the society being studied; as they often feel disturbed and that the anthropologist is invading their privacy. ...read more.


There are also some Problems of society: The people being studied often feel disturbed, distracted or that their privacy is being invaded when they are being studied by a stranger, who can often seem to be uninvited studying their every move. The people could argue that it is unfair for ethnographers to freely enter into a society and begin to study the people; his ways of thinking and living may often seem very different and unwelcome to certain societies. It is often very difficult for ethnographers to overcome these problems, as it is not easy to find a compromise between that which he wants to do and that which he must do in order to allow the people being studied feel most at ease. Overall participant observations are useful in some ways and also can be a drawback. They are very useful to use in observations however can have some disadvantages. I would probably use this method as it can be quiet valid. ?? ?? ?? ?? Anam Bajwa 12.0 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. The position of widows in Nepalese society - sociological study.

    Child-marriage, polygamy, the wide age-gap between men and women, war and increasingly the scourge of AIDS has greatly increased the numbers of widows, especially young widows. Women outnumber men among elderly populations almost everywhere, and the majority of these are widows less able, as in the past, to call upon children to support them in their final years.

  2. Does the research method of participant observation (P. O.) reveal more about the society ...

    Neither group knew what each other was doing, so when we walked into their room we were engaged with a completely new culture. In doing this we experienced what a real anthropologist goes through when being the "outsider". We walked into the other room and were faced with another language,

  1. my sociological study

    Also how the staff interacting with each other when the bar was not busy, as most of the staff was male except for a lone, supervising female. Karl Marx is one of the most important sociologists and so I will apply his theories first.

  2. What is distinctive about sociological thinking?

    children, that is an act of individual racism, widely deplored by most segments of the world, but when in that same city, Birmingham, Alabama, five hundred black babies die each year because of lack of proper food, shelter and medical facilities, and thousands more are destroyed or maimed physically, emotionally

  1. Participant Observation.

    Is it right to invade some-ones privacy? The subjects may feel disturbed or even awkward if they know someone is observing them and therefore they may not act in their usual manner and then the research is useless as it is of no relevance. The observer may also find it difficult when they have to participate in immoral or unethical behaviour.

  2. Participant Observation

    a charade to protect yourself and you can maintain your own personal beliefs so being able to discuss issues amongst a group and giving personal input. In the observation of a Glasgow gang James Patrick had to keep a very high level of secrecy with the group and came close

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work