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Assess the view that poverty is the main cause of social class differences in educational achievement

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Introduction

Assess the view that poverty is the main cause of social class differences in educational achievement This essay will assess the view that poverty is the main cause of social class differences in educational achievement. There are many causes of these differences which can be linked to cultural deprivation, and will be discussed in this essay. Material deprivation is lack of money and things which money can buy, and is the main cause of poverty. Item B suggests that that this is the main cause of social class differences in educational achievement as it says that most truants come from poor working class backgrounds and are less likely than their middle class counter parts to obtain a good formal education. ...read more.

Middle

Douglas 1964, claimed that middle class children received more attention and encouragement from their parents which was the single most important factor affecting their attainment whereas working class pupils received little encouragement and lacked the motivation to succeed at school. Also sugarman believed that the working class subculture was fatalistic, concerned with immediate gratification and present time orientated. This meant that they wanted to earn money straight away rather than sacrifice for the future. Middle classes were however prepeared to sacrifice for the future-they were future time orientated and concerned with deferred gratification. However a criticism of immediate gratification in this case is that the students aren't usually sacrificing as the first year of uni is enjoyable. ...read more.

Conclusion

Education is based arounf middle class values and therefore certain knowledge is privileged. As their culture is closer to that of the school they are more likely to succeed. A similar view is expresses by diane reay who studied social capital and concluded that it is mothers who have the main influence on their childs education. This is because middle class mothers have more cultural capital and material capital- they have more qualifications and information about how the educational system worked. In conclusion there are many causes of social class differences in educational achievement and poverty is one of them. It is important because material capital ie books etc can be converted into high qualifications. However cultural capital may have more of a significance because middle classes naturally have more cultural capital which can be converted into high salaries etc. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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