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Compare And Contrast Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society and Education.

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Compare And Contrast Marxist and Functionalist Views on Society and Education Society There is a division between functionalists and Marxists over the functions of the society. Marxism was founded by Karl Marx. Marx saw society as divided into two major parts, the economic base otherwise known as the infrastructure and the super-structure. Functionalists see society as a set of parts which work together to form a whole. Functionalism is also called a consensus theory. Marxism and functionalism are similar in that they see that the way society is structured as an important part in determining the way people have relationships and behave between themselves. This is known as structural perspective. Both functionalists and Marxists believe that people are portrayed as creature within the social system. Functionalists believe that society operates to the benefit of everybody. They stress that societies continue to exist because a lot of the time there is consensus between various aspects of society. ...read more.


A Functionalist would disagree with this and would say that we work for our status; they believe that success is from a personal achievement and that it should be rewarded. Marxists and Functionalists also differ in their views on social order. A Functionalist would say that social order is based on a consensus agreed by all whereas Marxists would say the social order has been imposed by the powerful. In conclusion Functionalists see society working in a harmonious way, with everyone working towards common goals and we are in general agreement about how to reach those goals. Marxists see conflicting interests in society. For example there is conflict at work with the boss wanting you to work more hours for less wages, while we want the opposite. The boss however has the power to impose their will on. Education Both Marxists and Functionalists see education as serving the needs of society but they differ in whether it is an industrial or capitalist society. ...read more.


They are not concerned with the individual. They both also see schools justifying and explaining social inequality. Marxists see that if this inequality was seriously questioned it might threaten social stability, they say that one way of avoiding this is to promote the belief that inequality is justified. Bowles and Gintis argue that education does this by broadcasting the myth that it offers everyone an equal chance. Functionalists believe that education provides a means for upward social mobility for those who have the ability. Marxists will completely disagree with this idea and say that with the exception of a few individuals, education confirms an individual's class of origin, as their class of destination. They believe that education contributes to the reproduction of class inequalities between generation, and does not provide a means of upward social mobility for most people. In conclusion Marxists are interested in the way education works in the interests of the ruling class in a capitalist society. Whereas Functionalists are mainly interested in the positive functions education performs for society and in particular, for the economy. ...read more.

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