• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast the Inca and Aztec civilization in terms of religion, politics, social structure, etc. Which of the two do you think was the more powerful empire? Explain your answer.

Extracts from this document...


Peter W. Squire III History Essay Colon Saturday, April 28, 2007 Question: Compare and contrast the Inca and Aztec civilization in terms of religion, politics, social structure, etc. Which of the two do you think was the more powerful empire? Explain your answer. The Aztec and Inca Empires Both the Inca and Aztec civilizations have similarities in religion, politics and social structure. The Aztecs were nomads that were instructed by Huitzilopochtli, the Aztec sun and war god, to head south in search of an eagle on a cactus with a snake in its mouth. They were to establish their city there. When they came about this representation the Aztecs founded their city, in present day Mexico. As they began to establish their city they copied other civilizations through their religion, cities, commerce and culture. By 1325 they began to settle. The Incas, on the other hand, were a small tribe in the Andes in struggle for the rare, rich soil in order to establish farming. ...read more.


It was rare that they would sacrifice a human; it would be more common to see a goat or other animals be sacrificed. They would only sacrifice a human during a famine, war, etc. Though both empires were very stanch and devout to their religion, the Aztec had the more powerful religion Although the religion was somewhat the same, between the Inca and the Aztec the social structure was much different. The Aztecs based their social structure on a ladder of four classes: nobility, commoners, serf and slaves. The nobility and the commoners could own Land. Serfs were members of the lowest social class. They were assigned and attached to the land owned by the nobles and required to perform labor with a certain amount of work for an amount of free time. A serf was very similar to the indentured slave, in the seventeenth to eighteenth centuries. Then there was the slave who worked on the noble's properties with no release. ...read more.


As a deity or god, the emperor owned all the land and regulated the amount of food rations each person got. This is similar to our present day socialism and communism. This government was not as centralized as the Inca. Pachacuti, the 9th Incan ruler, created an authoritative central rule to calm the large empire. He shaped a very detailed and intricate structure consisting of tax collection, courts, military, and trade security. Also a common language - Quechua - was developed to enforce a less diverse society. There is no doubt that these two empires were very powerful for their time period. But they couldn't have been that powerful. Towards the ends of both of these empires they were attacked and conquered by the Spanish conquers. This shows that these empires led to bigger, better and new empires such as the Americas and the Europeans. These empires taught us to farm on a rocky plain by using steps and various other great tools. They also help us with the understanding and importance of human sacrifice. As you can see these were both two great empires. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. The ancient civilizations of Central and South America

    The men were the ones that suffered the misfortune of conducting all the menial labor that was required, as well as worked the fields, and making temples or other structures for the ruler. The women were slightly smaller in their height, which was natural.

  2. Max Weber: Basic Terms (The Fundamental Concepts of Sociology)

    It involved a renunciation of salvation in favor of the groundless and always only particularized grace. Actually, this standpoint of unbrotherliness was no longer a genuine religion of salvation. A genuine religion of salvation can exaggerate brotherliness to the height of the mystic's acosmism of love.

  1. Determining the Elite within Politics and the Judiciary.

    In the Conservative Party, the number of aristocratic and outstandingly rich MPs continued to decline. However, this loss was not compensated through a recruitment of those from humble social origins, and if anything the party's make-up became more uniformly middle-class.

  2. Unit 4 Assessment: Power & Politics

    They also find it more difficult to get into positions of power and influence because of discrimination and the power men have over women. The Pluralist view on the role of interest groups has also been because most citizens are not part of the interest/pressure groups.

  1. The Politics of New Social Movements - Why is it difficult to define a ...

    One important ramification of this is that the adherents to social movements are prepared to step outside the law to achieve their goals. This creates a very serious dilemma for governments because if people are prepared to act illegally then the threat of legal action will not act as a deterrent.

  2. "Methodism, the most astonishing eruption in the eighteenth century history of religion, was an ...

    Loss of influence in the upper echelons of power, with monarchs of differing faith on the throne and the abbots losing their majority in the Lords was coupled with strain on authority in the parishes through lack of adequate funding or dynamism.

  1. Does Class Alignment Still Exist In British Politics?

    Heywood comments that, "it is generally accepted that one of the consequences of partisan and class dealignment has been the spread of issue voting."4 A further theory is the Dominant-ideology model, which states that party competition and political debate is increasingly influenced by the media, however, this ignores individual calculation and overstates the process of social conditioning.

  2. Defining religion.

    - like Durkheim o When you need something to help you cope with what you don't understand o People turn to prayer/ God if they have to deal with something challenging - Prayer helps fear to be coped with more easily o Helps to deal with life crises (birth/marriage/death)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work