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Comparing and Contrasting Nietzsche and Freud.

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Introduction

Essay Comparing and Contrasting Nietzsche and Freud Nietzsche and Freud both had the same idea that society was a major factor affecting ones behavior. However, they differed in their perception of the innate qualities of humans and how human progress is achieved. Nietzsche believed that humans were innately good and that the essence of humans lied within their will. Freud believed that humans' innate qualities were bad and it was society, which needed to suppress these qualities. Nietzsche felt that society had too much control over individuals. He states that society had adopted a type of slave morality. ...read more.

Middle

He wanted the will to be unobstructed by society and in order to do this one had to do away with conscience and consciousness. Conscience is ones sense of right or wrong, which comes from what society, says. Nietzsche believed that ones consciousness is an illusion and it must be abandoned. By leaving behind what society said and following ones will the individual could achieve greatness. Contrary to Nietszche, Freud believed that individuals were naturally born bad and it was society which made him or her bad. Freud believed that individuals were born with an id. The id is composed of ones biological drives, such as aggression and sexual desires. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is why I feel that Nietzsche is invalid in his reasoning. If society is not present to tell you what you are doing is wrong, then how are individuals controlled? Nietzsche states that humans are innately born good and it was society that makes you bad. If rules from society today are not present and it is the will that governs how you act, then society as we know it would be in total chaos. Serial killers and the mentally insane would completely corrupt the masses as murder and rape are to run wild with no control. According to Freud if these id drives of aggression and sexuality are not controlled then the natural evil tendencies of humans would destroy the stability of any society. ...read more.

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