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Conservatism as a Ruling-Class Ideology.

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Introduction

Conservatism as a Ruling-Class Ideology There are many political ideologies in the world, and all of them have their strengths and weaknesses, although some do not concede to the fact the have weaknesses. This is such the case with conservatism, which defends economic inequality and justifies the ruling class taking care of the poor. But in defending these, they state that conservatism can help the poor, and are a party for all. Whether they can be more than just a vehicle for the ruling class to solidify their power, or a serious ideology which can help all concerned is what I intend to find out. Conservative ideas first appeared in the late eighteenth century, and this was mainly in reaction to the bloody revolution in France. It was seen as a refuge for those against the sea of change that was threatening to engulf them from all sides, a huge surge of liberalism, socialism and nationalism. It instead stood for an under-siege way of tradition, especially in the social order. It is these social divisions, often based on socio-economic positions, which cause so much friction when discussing conservative beliefs. The core elements of conservatism range from pragmatism, to authority, but one of the main ones its tradition. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore they lead by example, and pull the whole of society up by the bootstraps. This improvement means an increase of standard of living for those at the bottom also. This is a conservative view of inequality, and to them it justifies the fact that there is inequality on the economic and social scale of the society. The other view would be that it is simply the ruling-class making excuses for remaining in power, without being any less selfish than the poorer members of society. In philosophical terms conservatism claims that human nature is selfish, but can this be proved? It is just a tool for those on top to remain there. Also according to conservatism, especially the New Right, the two most successful economies should have been Britain and the USA, but it was in fact Germany and Japan. This goes further to disprove the fact that letting those 'elite' take charge and let those without privileges sink, as they did so with a mixed economy. The same mixed economy which Von Heyeck claimed would lead to a totalitarian state, and yet none of the leading ones have become so. As with Regan's policy of keeping a tighter belt where money was concerned, the Welfare state was jeopardised. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ingle put the point: "...the policies of Conservative governments in the past have always embodied more than class interests. To believe otherwise would be absurd. On the other hand, to believe that the assortment of principles which make up the conservative tradition and which is only randomly related to the policies of Conservative governments could have survived as an ideology had it not also suited the interests of the advantaged, ...would be even more absurd... It is the existence of this relationship between the interests of capital and conservative ideology which makes us confident that, like the poor, the Conservative party will always be with us." So do we believe that the whole ideology of conservatism is one which is based on the maintenance of power for the elite of the ruling-class? Well I believe that although it does have a great many points which would lead you to believe so, this is not the prime aim. It means well, and also tries to help, encouraging people to try harder and gain wealth for themselves. It is the promotion of a free market and lack of Nanny State, and even ideas such as noblesse oblige mean well, despite being somewhat arrogant. ...read more.

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