• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'CONSERVATISM IS MERELY A RULING CLASS IDEOLOGY.'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'CONSERVATISM IS MERELY A RULING CLASS IDEOLOGY.' Conservatism has three strands: Traditional, New Right and Post New right conservatism. It serves in the interest of the rich and powerful and it serves in the interest of every social class, including the poor. Marxists in particular would argue that conservatism is a class based ideology. They would also argue that ideologies reflect the interest of a particular class. Burke was a traditional conservative and he believed in the organic state. Traditional conservatives are motivated by the organic state they believe that the society is a living entity, rather than a mechanism. They consider society as a pyramid and command structure, which serves in the interest of the rich because society is fixed and the rich will always be at the top. Society can never have social equality because of hierarchy. They do not believe in meritocracy and individualism, they believe that society is more important than the individual, therefore they believe in collectivism. ...read more.

Middle

They believed in the mixed economy. They disliked nationalization and wanted to privatize most nationalized businesses. They introduced the minimum wage and it was popular and a vote winner. In 1979, Thatcher became Prime Minister and she also served the interest of the rich. She privatized industries such as British telecom, British railways. Liberal New right believed in and rolling back the state, hence the belief in laissez-faire economics. They believed in the non-interventionist state, that the state will not intervene in the economy to help the poor. For example: the Battle of Orgreaves, the miner's strike; the government refused to subsidize what they called the uneconomic picks. Thatcher setup grant maintained schools which got more money. Schools were a two tier system and the 'better-off' benefited from this. This basically suggests that Thatcher reeks of the rich. Society was more differential because people had more respect. Disraeli introduced one-nation conservatism, and he was genuinely concerned about the poor, evidenced in his quote, 'there is a gap between the rich and the poor' and his Crystal Palace speech. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cameron has adopted and fused neo-liberalism with elements of One-nation. Cameron believes in social responsibility. This means that society has to work together to look after and care for each other, however if we care for each other the government will not help us. For example: Jamie Oliver; it was not the government that improved school dinners. Social responsibility is a way of saying 'rolling back the state', Cameron uses One-nation rhetoric, though he still wants a smaller state, he does not want to regulate the state. He wants to take politicians out of the NHS. He fused neo-liberal elements and one-nation because he cares about the economy, example targeting families who have to pay child-minders; instead they pay money to family relatives to look after your children. This is One-nation because keeps social cohesion. In 1979, the working-class voted Thatcher in because in 1983, the Conservatives promised that people could buy council houses and Labour said they would nationalize the banks. Thatcher would win because she had taken on the Falklands war and found victory. BY VIVIAN AMOBI ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. 'There's no such thing as society - merely individuals and their families'. (Margaret Thatcher). ...

    We can see clearly from the definition from Websters that a society is based on a community, suggesting sharing and collaboration, where interaction is social and grouped. The very essence of human life is begun born in groups, raised in groups, working in groups, playing in groups, interests defended in groups, and dying in groups.

  2. What Civil Society Can Do to Develop Democracy

    David Hume David Hume, in his Treatise on Human Nature, argued that there was no unity between Reason and Morality, and that people set their goals on the basis of Morality, but use Reason in achieving them. His three fundamental rules of conduct - the stability of possessions, their transfer

  1. Does the Education System Benefit the Ruling Class?

    The basis of an interactionalist approach is interaction. In my observation the interaction between teachers and pupils would be observed, therefore, I believe this is a suitable method of research. The reason why I have decided that I would carry out an overt observational study is that I believe this

  2. Who Voted Nazi and Why?

    While the farmers where facing ruin and so voted for the only party offering help, the rich while slightly worse off were still living in comfort and had little reason to change from one right wing party to another on the same scale as the farmers.

  1. Has Conservatism been more concerned with social stability or economic freedom?

    A firm belief in respect for authority as a means of achieving stability within society thus naturally follows. Conservatives hold that authority is best exercised from the top downwards, thus providing leadership, guidance and support for those who lack the necessary education, experience and knowledge to govern their own lives prudently.

  2. Discuss whether the family is an institution which maintains the power of the ruling ...

    Where as Althusser believes that the state consists of two elements or 'apparatuses', both of which serve to keep the bourgeoisie in power: * RSA. The repressive state apparatuses which maintain the rule of the bourgeoisie by force or threat of it.

  1. Does Class Alignment Still Exist In British Politics?

    DATA COLLECTION The first question to be raised is whether the lower classes are still more likely to vote for Labour than any other party and if the middle classes remain inclined towards the Tories. If there is proof of continued class alignment, I would subsequently delve into more depth,

  2. It was Oscar Wilde who said "There is only one class in the community ...

    Augie's first sexual experience with a woman is an old prostitute in a brothel frequented by Einhorn. Bellow gives the impression of pity for Augie using his inexperience to portray the emotions of the characters around him. The fact that the prostitute has bee already chosen for him is a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work