• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Conservatives are more concerned with the Preservation of Stability and order than with Freedom' - Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Graham Samuels AMDG Wednesday, 30th October 2002 CONSERVATISM - ESSAY QUESTION 1992: 'Conservatives are more concerned with the Preservation of Stability and order than with Freedom.' Discuss. Conservatives strongly agree with a strong state. A strong state preserves order, defends from invasion and punishes law-breakers. They also believe that human beings are limited, security-seeking, imperfect and irrational, and therefore conservatives reject abstract 'rational' theories. There is therefore a need to sacrifice liberty, or freedom, for security. The conservative's concern to maximise and retain preservation of stability and order and their lack of concern, or perhaps secondary concern, with freedom both stem from their belief of the concept of human imperfection. Human imperfection is understood in several ways. Firstly, human beings are thought to be psychologically limited and dependent creatures. In the view of conservatives, people fear isolation and instability. They are drawn psychologically to the safe and the familiar, and, above all, they seek the security of knowing 'their place'. Other political philosophies trace the origins of immoral and criminal behaviour to society, and conservatives believe that it is rooted in each individual. ...read more.

Middle

Freedom is rather a willing acceptance of social obligations and ties by individuals who recognise their value. Freedom involves 'doing one's duty'. Conservatives believe that a society where individuals know only their rights and do not acknowledge their duties would be atomistic and rootless. Indeed it is the bonds of duty and obligation that hold society together. So, the conservative view of freedom is still restricting, as one is not free to neglect their duty, and it is one's obligation to do their duty and to fulfil their value and ability, otherwise society would not function, and would be rootless if man were free to neglect their duties in complete knowledge of rights, knowledge that neglects duty. Conservatives believe that high-sounding political principles such as the 'rights of man', 'equality' and 'social justice' become very dangerous when they are thought to provide a blueprint for the reform or remodelling of the world. This is why, Conservatives suggest, reform and revolution often lead to greater suffering rather than less. ...read more.

Conclusion

The conservative new right therefore stands for the restoration of authority. The strengthening of 'family values' is believed to maximise authority, as the family is thought to be naturally hierarchical. If authority relationships within a family are weakened, children will be brought up without a set of decent moral values and with little respect for their elders. A permissive society is therefore a breeding ground for anti-social behaviour, delinquency and crime. In conclusion, Conservatives are more concerned with the preservation of stability and order than with freedom, as their concern and emphasis for freedom is quite minimal, and therefore it doesn't take much for their concern for preservation of stability and order, something by which conservatism is defined, recognised and known, to overtake the emphasis that conservatism has for freedom. The conservative idea of freedom still requires one to do their duties within society, which true freedom would not make obligatory. So, to a certain extent, it isn't really freedom, as requirements are considered above rights. Conservatism is well known for it's belief in order and preservation of stability, and so these are at the forefront of the ideology's concerns, whereas freedom is much further down their list of priorities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Crime - 'The media portrays ethnic minorities in negative ways', Discuss.

    and because of this the media tend to say that all the ethnic minorities are bad people they are hear to hurt everyone and take everything away, so they make-up stories through the media, show them as negative characters so people will think that ethnic minorities are actually really bad people and end up hating them.

  2. Eugenics - good breeding.

    This allows a people who would typically be declared unfit or flawed by the terms of a classic eugenicist such as Sanger, to live within society among those who would be labelled fit (Cavanaugh-O'Keefe). General teachings within the Church are also contrary to the goals of eugenics.

  1. Has Conservatism been more concerned with social stability than with economic freedom?

    The need for authority is a key feature for conservatives in particular neo-conservatism for whom it enhances a sense of discipline and communitarianism. One nation in regards to Disraeli was concerned with social stability as he warned of the danger of Britain being divided into "two nations: the rich and

  2. DO CONSERVATIVES PLACE SOCIAL STABILITY BEFORE ECONOMIC FREEDOM?

    Joseph Chamberlain. Thatcher was a New Right Conservative; she privatised industries which became efficient. By privatising industries such as BT, led to workers being laid off, unemployment was rising and people feeling bitter, therefore there was less social stability e.g.

  1. Social Security Policy.

    to the poor compromises that individual freedom, this is said to be done in two ways; the first is by asking those who earn wages to pay extra taxes to support the poor and secondly, by creating the conditions under which poor individuals and the state will have a relationship of dependency.

  2. Has Conservatism been more concerned with social stability or economic freedom?

    Hobbes, Conservatives have traditionally supported tough law and order policies to ensure social stability. They believe that crime is a consequence of basic human instinct and appetite, rather than a product of social inequality or disadvantage. The maintenance of order and stability in society therefore requires a strong state and

  1. The Cost of Freedom? Priceless.

    Reparations for slavery can be made available to Blacks if they can agree that it will benefit their culture. The main debate over reparations is whether or not Blacks should allow white America to place a value on slavery, a historic legacy.

  2. Explain and discuss the significance of Mill's work for philosophical considerations of freedom.

    Yet he was also a great supporter of individual rights, promoting more power and freedom for women among campaigning for many other things. In 'On Liberty' he argues that danger in the past had come from the monarchs holding power at the expense of the common people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work