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Deforestation of the Amazon Rainfores- Humanities Essay

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Introduction

Deforestation of the Amazon rainforest GCSE Humanities Coursework This essay will investigate the hypothesis (Statement) "Deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest is a major global issue that only the Brazilian government can solve" and whether the evidence or the arguments' support this hypothesis or not. The Amazon rainforest is the largest of its kind on the earth. It is therefore also called the lungs of the earth (as the rainforest cuts down a major part of the total amount of the Co2 emissions). It is situated in 9 countries in South America with the most of it being in Brazil (60%) and the rest of it in Columbia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guiana, Suriname and French Guiana. The rainforest encompasses an area of 1.2billion acres which is equal to 7million kilometres sq. Tropical rainforest are a very important ecosystem for the earth. Half of the world's species live and exist in the rainforest and this is very unique. The Amazon rainforest has a very large unexplored bio diversity which means that it may provide us with a lot of medicines and herbs for the future. There may be cures still to be found for diseases such as leukaemia. The rainforest is environmentally important to us because it's like the earth's lungs as it absorbs a vast majority of the co2 produced by the burning of fossil fuels such as oil, gas and coal and this Co2 (Carbon Dioxide) is absorbed and transformed into O2 (Oxygen). The climate is regulated by the process of transpiration which happens in plants, this process regulates the temperatures and it also controls the levels of humidity (amount of water vapour in the air) which means that when the air is not humid enough there will be more rapid transpiration and vice versa. The Amazonian rainforests store over half of the earth's rainwater. Without rainforests continually recycling huge quantities of water, feeding the rivers, lakes and irrigation systems, droughts would become more common, potentially leading to widespread famine and disease. ...read more.

Middle

The Brazilian government is trying to change all this and make every region of Brazil developed so that regions like the South-East become less so populated and so that they can cope with the rising population. To do this Brazil needs money and so they have been borrowing vast amounts from MEDC's such as the U.K, U.S, France, Germany and etc... Whom have been charging huge amounts of interest on these sums and Brazil needs to pay this debt back (economic pressure). Some of the pressures on the Brazilian government are social and economic. There are a percentage of people in Brazil who are poor peasants without any land or home and they have to live in favelas and have no electricity and no sanitation facilities (social). It sounds fair that Brazils wants to build their country but to pay back this money they need to get it from somewhere and that is when the Rainforest comes in. As Brazil has huge debts they needed to get money quickly and the easiest way to do this is to allow deforestation and therefore this means cutting down the trees and getting money from logging, mining, cattle ranching, HEP schemes and the construction of factories. The deforestation and the pressure on the Brazilian government are strongly linked because if they didn't have any of the above mentioned pressures then they would need to cut down the forests. Brazil has been stating that they will cut down their emissions if developed countries start doing so first. Brazil has though the biggest percentage of ethanol powered cars in the world. Even though it may seem that the Brazilian government should be in control of what is happening in the rainforest they really are not as all the demand for the resources comes from the outside of brazil. The Brazilian government has no choice. Deforestation is directly linked to world climate change and global warming. ...read more.

Conclusion

As the Amazon is a major global issue it means that everyone is affected by it, hence not a lot of countries are taking important and significant decisions. The Amazon is situated in 9 countries then why should Brazil be the only country able to solve the deforestation. The forest is being cleared as Brazil need money from the clearing of land, logging, mining and cattle-ranching. Nearly all the debt Brazil has is because of the money borrowed from MEDC's such as the US, UK, France and Germany etc... Brazil's debt should be cancelled, so that they can ban all deforestation forever. Nearly half of Brazil's GDP is going to debt instalments to MEDC's and if they don't have to pay debt then they can invest and research into other ways of making money, Brazil could be an ideal place for Solar powered energy and electricity as there is a lot of sunshine there. All the countries that have a part of the rainforest should together form a rainforest alliance; this alliance could then help care for the rainforest and help research into new medicines and technology from the rainforest's resources. We all don't want to die just because we wanted all our furniture to make out of mahogany. We all want to stop global warming and its time that governments seriously have a MAJOR rethink. Governments should not just decrease their Co2 by 10% it should be 40-60%. The earth has been turned into a death-trap, if we destroy the rainforest we will all die because of global warming, if we use Nuclear power instead of fossil fuels for power and electricity then we would be at risk from dying from radioactivity. We should all invest in much more renewable energy such as solar power and wind and also new forms of energy. The earth main defence against global warming is the Amazon rainforest, then why destroy it? At what price are we destroying the forest, is it the price of life? <<<<< (Global Warming caused by the destruction of the rainforest and other Co2 emissions). ...read more.

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