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Describe China's economy and society in the late 1940's and early 1950's.

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Describe China's economy and society in the late 1940's and early 1950's Throughout the 1940's China faced many economic and social problems. Chinese society had developed very little since the nineteenth and had been hit badly by the warfare of the twentieth century. Additionally, the ongoing war with Japan initiated by Japanese troops in Beijing as part of a carefully prepared plan wherein Japan would invade China in an attempt to fuel their hunger for land and steadily increase their own empire. Naturally, the Guomindang and the Communist parties remained in their own designated areas from where they had previously suppressed the Civil War between them.This caused much disunity among the people and quality of life in the countryside areas of China deteriorated rapidly. ...read more.


Little was done by local governments to resolve these issues, this was largely due to them being used to bribery and corruption, thus making any decision making to be extremely slow. Conjointly, Chinese society was exceedingly traditional. Arranged marriages and bigamy were commonplace. Basic welfare problems, medical care, poor housing and poverty all had a negative effect on peasants, numerous of them living in the so called 'liberation areas' under Communist control, and made life for them incredibly hard. Yet again the government, mainly the Communists, did very little to deal with these issues, they did, however, make a few perhaps insignificant, at the time, social reforms, in the laws of women. Consider that women had been oppressed virtually since the start of Chinese society: it was traditional to practice such things as foot-binding and child prostitution. ...read more.


However it did not try to deal with China's primary problems, and so because of this it soon earned a reputation of being trivial. The Rural Service, like the New Life Movement, was criticised as being frivolous which did nothing to tackle China's deep-rooted poverty. In conclusion, it becomes clear that neither the Communists nor the KMD did little or nothing to improve life for the masses of Chinese people. Many people died of starvation due to the lack of organisation at harvest time and generally throughout the year. The Government had not done much to help peasants and in some cases their living conditions became worse. From here, it seems as though things could not get any worse, and as the winners of the Civil War, the Communists, led victorious. They now had to deal with these not quite glitches in the system, but major problems, for China to be united once again. ...read more.

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