• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the different ways in which sociologists understand how inequality works within school situations and comment on their validity

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Education Describe the different ways in which sociologists understand how inequality works within school situations and comment on their validity Inequality comes in many forms within the school community, whether it is in the social or academic groups, because of colour, wealth or gender and is impossible to avoid. In the first ages of compulsory schooling, the Tripartite System was introduced. This was a system whereby the pupils were tested in the 11+ and the results determined which secondary school they went to. For the bright children there were the Grammar schools, for the mechanically minded they went to the technical schools, and the low achievers went to the secondary modern. This caused much questioning by sociologists due to certain statistics. Halsey, Floud & Martin stated that sons or daughters of professional people had a 1 in 1 chance of going to grammar school, whereas working class children only had a 1 in 10 chance. ...read more.

Middle

Due to the evident social class division caused by the Tripartite System, it was gradually phased out as comprehensives came into action the first one opening in 1952, and was supposed to abolish inequality. However it appears to have failed. Julienne Fard discovered that depending on location, determined the quality of education received. In deprived inner city schools they did not achieve the same level as supposedly middle class schools in the suburbs. It was stated that 'comprehensives were the tripartite system under one roof'. It was also found that another inequality occurred relating to academic ability. Dale & Griffith investigated and found that working class children were predominantly in the lower streams, and those that did achieve were most likely to be friends with middle class pupils. This apparent new division was caused by the 'New Directions' scheme which introduced setting and streaming bringing with it academic and social status. Again this was thought of legitimising inequality preparing for adult life and the inequality it brings, supported by Stanworth & Giddens who found that 60-90% of top positions were occupied by 5% of ex students that attended private schools. ...read more.

Conclusion

Teacher's expectations of Asian pupils are to be courteous and hard working. Also including the gender issue they also found that Asian girls are often over looked. Byrnes highlighted the unequal government spending on girls in education, although perhaps this is not so applicable today as girls continue to achieve higher than boys. In reference to all the above theories it is impossible to pinpoint one primary reason for inequality as too many factors are involved. It is only to be concluded that socialisation starts at home and perhaps the importance of education is not instilled enough into the individuals. However this can always be counter argued that even the brightest and most hard working student will find it hard to achieve in an crowed class room with little or no facilities, or if they are de-motivated because of teachers expectations. Nevertheless as the education system evolves inequalities are being reduced with more working class students getting to university and the gender issue not being a real focus anymore. The racial element is still evident however, and perhaps that is the next concern to be addressed. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michelle Lambe Education 13A 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Gender Inequality.

    differences are socially constructed, by reinforcement through the process of socialisation within the family. Ann Oakley, feminist sociologist, criticises functional theorists Murdock and Parsons. Oakley examined numerous societies whereby biology had little or no effect upon women's roles. For example the Mbuti Pygmies, a hunting and gathering society whom live

  2. Gender Capital ? - Bourdieu and Gender Inequality

    (see table 3, Social trends, 1998:62). Firstly I will briefly outline Bourdieus' theory, contextualising it in the Marxist school of thought with which it is aligned. Next I will discuss its usefulness regarding key feminist concerns. Finally I will outline what modifications would ensure integration of gender into Bourdieus' theory,

  1. Sociology - Social Inequality

    Weber argued that each of the four classes had different amount of status wealth and power. In Marx's view though ownership was the most significant division of society, other inequalities arose from class divisions. Weber, however saw class and status as two separate aspects of stratification.

  2. Using your knowledge assess explanations of gender and ethnic inequalities in health chances, Write ...

    Women position in society should be regarded very highly as they are situated in such conditions which lead to ' housewife syndromes' acknowledged by Jessie Bernard causing ill health. It is the woman's job in society i.e. in the family, to make decisions, bring up the children which is quite

  1. Crime - 'The media portrays ethnic minorities in negative ways', Discuss.

    research because I had more views from one particular age group and not many from the others. I now know that in future I would hand out more questionnaires and make sure I don't end up aiming for one particular age group.

  2. Briefly outline one major inequality which exists in the UK today. Analyse and discuss ...

    Nonetheless, although covert, inequality within education continues. The hidden curriculum is an unspoken language, which runs 'alongside' the national curriculum and plays a large part in gender socialisation. It is composed of implicit messages of how society expects men and women to act and the purpose and function of each gender within society.

  1. To try and find out why girls are outperforming boys in GCSEexaminations?

    One particular aspect that interested me was regarding; 'Boys and girls subjects' I think that this is still true today as people do refer to certain subjects as a boys subject or a girl's subject. This particular chapter refers to the point in when students have the chance to pick

  2. Determining the Elite within Politics and the Judiciary.

    This has led to its labelling as the most exclusive of all elite groups in Britain (Stanworth 1984 p253). "Brock's study shows that, whereas 67 per cent of High Court Judges sitting between 1820 and 1875 were of 'upper' or 'upper-middle' class backgrounds, the figure rose to 76.8 per cent for the period 1951-68.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work