• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the employment of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of war.

Extracts from this document...


GCSE HISTORY-. COURSEWORK ASSIGNMENT NO.1-THE IMPACT OF WAR ON BRITAIN, 1914-1918. 1. Describe the employment of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of war. As war broke out in 1914 about 1/3 of women were in some type of paid employment. The majority of this was domestic service or secretarial work and most people accepted, there was no place for women in manual labour e.g. dock-labouring, mining or road -digging. A woman's role was very much as the homemaker. They were regarded as the weaker sex and the sex that had fewer rights than men. Decent women were expected to stay at home and rear the children of the family. They had to obey their husbands. Britain's leisure class was kept in comfort by an army of domestic servants. A large landowner with a wife, two children and a 62-roomed house n the West End required an indoor staff of 36. Some of the servants accompanied the family to its other homes - the country house, the seaside villa, the 'shooting box' in Scotland - each of which also had its own separate staff, containing many women. ...read more.


At the outbreak of war women earned about 65 per cent of the male wage. The employment of little errand girls, usually only 14 years of age was common. Their work was very varied - running errands, matching materials, and taking out parcels, cleaning the workrooms, and often also helping in the work of the house. To be running around doing 'odd jobs' for the employees of a busy workshop was hard work and tiring. It was not surprising that the young women in those workshops often looked weary and overdone; but there were plenty of girls to take their place, so they would not give in. Many others were employed to work on the surface of coal mines or on fish docks at hard, tiring, physical labour. A sexist outlook upon women in the workplace operated throughout this period. It resulted in skill definitions and pay differentials. Women's work was usually considered unskilled, where as a man doing the same job would be considered skilled. For example welding was perceived as a skilled job when men did it but when women became welders during the First World War it was seen as unskilled, with women being paid half the male rate. ...read more.


with the management or the definition of skills, which affected pay, were controlled by men and favoured them; skilled women were poorly recognised. Women were also paid piece rates and found their wage lowered if they earned too much. One factory inspector remarked that 'What can one do when a girl is earning as much as 15 shillings a week but lower the piece rate?' In a survey just before the war the social commentator and reformer, S. Rowntree, had argued that �1 a week was necessary in order to live above poverty but few women received this amount. In J.M Barrie's comedy What Ever Woman Knows (1908), John Shand, the railwayman turned MP, owes his success as a debater to his wife Maggie, who has transformed his boring speeches when she typed them up. Women had achieved some degree of marital equality and been given some educational opportunities by 1914. They had also begun to make some inroads into traditional male occupations and they had focused political action on winning the vote. 894 words ?? ?? ?? ?? Sophie Ride 01/05/07 10 Lincoln Draft number 2 01/05/07 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. 19th century Pre-1914 Prose Assignment, Discussion of the women.

    and has individuality, which is something that Marina Warner sees as being impossible, 'Liberty like many abstract concepts expressed in the feminine, is in deadly earnest and one-dimensional'. Fevvers is more than simply a statue or a symbol. It is her personality and her individuality that allows her to withstand

  2. What Impact did the War Have on the Role of Women in British Society ...

    did not break through sufficiently and simply reverted back to the status they had previously before the war. For this reason it is debatable whether or not these changes amounted to an enormous alteration of women's role in British society.

  1. Media, leisure & fashion - Britain in the 1930's.

    Dresses often had decorations such as a butterfly, large, puffy sleeves, trains, bows, or fabric flowers. Fur was popular for capes, coats, wraps, accessories and trimmings. Hats, such as berets, were always worn at an angle, pill box and brimmed hats became popular.

  2. The changing status of women in employment

    I will also research newspaper articles to find out the public's perception on gender inequality, and the glass ceiling faced by women in the workplace. However newspapers are sometimes 'sensationalised' to increase profit. I will use the internet to research whether gender influences status in employment.

  1. History Coursework: - Southend.

    as causing considerable damage to the adjacent railway forcing it's closure for a period of time. The Kursaal Originally opened in 1901, the Kursaal was the world's first ever theme park, pre-dating Coney Island in America. Designed by the architect Campbell Sherrin, also responsible for amongst other things, the Brompton

  2. Explain the differing reactions of people in Britain to the policy of Evacuating children ...

    He would have said this because he came from Gorton, an inner city area of Manchester, where there is lots of smoke and smog because of the factories in the industrial city area this means that he would not have experienced fresh air before being evacuated.

  1. Why did a campaign for women suffrage develop in the years 1870 - 1914?

    This was the beginning of a push. All women recognised that they did have a voice and that if they tried, they could make a change, they could revolt. In 1870, the 'Married Woman's Property Act' was enforced. This new bill allowed women who live with their husbands to keep their earnings.

  2. Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914 at the outbreak of ...

    In 1911, nearly 2130 women were working in domestic service, which was more double the job with the second highest female workers (870).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work