• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Different views on the family.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Different views on the family There are many different views on the family, some positive and some negative. Four of the main types are Marxist, functionalist, feminists and the New Right. Marxists view the family in a very disparaging light and views the family as a tool of Capitalism and the Bourgeoisie. Marxists believe that the family has many roles, which are beneficial to Capitalist society. Marxists believe that the family aids Capitalism by being a big consumer of goods, which they have to pay for. As long as the family are around, people will keep buying the product and the bourgeoisie will continue to make money. Marxists also believe that housewives are producing the next generation of the proletariat. This means that more people will be created to fill the jobs of the retiring proletariat. Marxists believe that the family cushions the main provider. This is similar to the functionalist "warm bath theory". After a hard day of being exploited by the bourgeoisie, the main provider, usually the male, will be comforted by his family the family are there to relieve the pressures so that he can go into work the next day feeling less stressed than when he left the evening before. ...read more.

Middle

that the women face from men as commanding heads of the household, and the fact that women run the household yet get no form of pay from the Male head of the house or the Capitalist society. Functionalists feel that the family is the most important aspect of society, and that there is no substitute for the family structure. Functionalists use the analogy of the human body to show that everything in society fits together and depends on each other for survival. In this analogy, the heart, possibly the most vital organ in the human body, is used to represent the family. This shows that functionalists consider the family to be the most important part of society. One man who studied the family was Murdock. Murdock stated "The family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually co-habiting adults." Murdock reached this definition of a family by visiting250 societies across the globe, and Murdock found supporting evidence in all two hundred and fifty. ...read more.

Conclusion

They are categorised by crime, family, instability and unemployment. A key theorist for this was William Wilson noted a considerable rise of black middle class families in the USA. Those black families who remained in the slums and bad areas did so not because of discrimination but because of economic disadvantage. In the UK, Thatcher and the Conservative Party were big influences on these right wing policies. The conservative party had huge similarities to the Republican Party in America, and Thatcher has a lot of theories and views that she shares with Reagan. In the UK, the New Right way of thinking still exists in the Conservative party, however with Labour in political power, we are witnessing left wing views instead. This involves the abolition of section 28, promoting homosexuality and schools, and providing extra benefits by working for single parent families. Overall, the evidence suggests that all of the above theories are invalid because they are so completely exaggerated. There is no middle path between Marxism and Functionalism. Radical feminists are abusing their power and instead of campaigning for women's rights they are looking to oppress men. The New Right theory is fascist in every sense and gives no thoughts to the anguish of deprivation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Changes in Family Roles

    From the three interviews I compared I found that many of the original roles that both the wife and the husband played in the family have changed majorly. The woman now plays a more important place and is treated more equally.

  2. Pitted against Patriarchy

    she does from one boarding house to the next, existing on the margins of her community, Hearne is only ever a visitor to those domestic spaces assigned to women. She is never able to feel completely comfortable in these spaces as she simply has no knowledge of how to occupy them.

  1. With reference to the family, consider how functionalist perspective enhances understanding of the diversity ...

    Women are beginning to feel that they don't get the recognition they ought to have when they stay at home being a housewife, and a system of meritocracy now means that they can fulfill their potential and live their dreams (Haralambos, 1990).

  2. Organizational Perspectives on Stratification.

    MULTIPLE PARAMETERS: Intersecting parameters improve the integration of various groups by raising the rates of association between their members; increase structural complexity (nominal - heterogeneity; graduated - status diversity) and social mobility thereby promoting structural change. As group size in terms of one parameter declines, the probability of intergroup relations in terms of other intersecting parameters increases.

  1. The purpose of this essay is to describe four studies relating to gender each ...

    tribe - displaying behaviour in direct opposition to their supposedly natural expressive, nurturing role. (Sociology B handout) George Murdock in 1949 suggested that the division of labour between sexes is based on mere practicality, pre-determined by the biological make-up of males and females.

  2. Against the background of Marxist views on Law, State, Class, and Property analyse the ...

    Marxists regard the law as an ideological instrument for maintaining existing social relations. Marxists believe that the ideology that the law 'stands above everything else in society' is a mystification propagated by capitalists. Some argue that the law resolves class conflict by appearing to let 'all parties have their say'.

  1. Gender Socialisation

    M/F M/F M/F As you can see the 1st household is quite a contemporary, modern household as most chores are being shared by both male and female. The male and female in the house are in their early 40's. 2nd Household Task Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun Cooking

  2. Secondary research for equality in the family.

    Oakley's and Edges study are both based on small that do not represent the population as a whole. Studies with much more larger scale have been taken as part of the British social attitudes survey. Using a sample of over 1000 married couples.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work