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Different views on the family.

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Introduction

Different views on the family There are many different views on the family, some positive and some negative. Four of the main types are Marxist, functionalist, feminists and the New Right. Marxists view the family in a very disparaging light and views the family as a tool of Capitalism and the Bourgeoisie. Marxists believe that the family has many roles, which are beneficial to Capitalist society. Marxists believe that the family aids Capitalism by being a big consumer of goods, which they have to pay for. As long as the family are around, people will keep buying the product and the bourgeoisie will continue to make money. Marxists also believe that housewives are producing the next generation of the proletariat. This means that more people will be created to fill the jobs of the retiring proletariat. Marxists believe that the family cushions the main provider. This is similar to the functionalist "warm bath theory". After a hard day of being exploited by the bourgeoisie, the main provider, usually the male, will be comforted by his family the family are there to relieve the pressures so that he can go into work the next day feeling less stressed than when he left the evening before. ...read more.

Middle

that the women face from men as commanding heads of the household, and the fact that women run the household yet get no form of pay from the Male head of the house or the Capitalist society. Functionalists feel that the family is the most important aspect of society, and that there is no substitute for the family structure. Functionalists use the analogy of the human body to show that everything in society fits together and depends on each other for survival. In this analogy, the heart, possibly the most vital organ in the human body, is used to represent the family. This shows that functionalists consider the family to be the most important part of society. One man who studied the family was Murdock. Murdock stated "The family is a social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually co-habiting adults." Murdock reached this definition of a family by visiting250 societies across the globe, and Murdock found supporting evidence in all two hundred and fifty. ...read more.

Conclusion

They are categorised by crime, family, instability and unemployment. A key theorist for this was William Wilson noted a considerable rise of black middle class families in the USA. Those black families who remained in the slums and bad areas did so not because of discrimination but because of economic disadvantage. In the UK, Thatcher and the Conservative Party were big influences on these right wing policies. The conservative party had huge similarities to the Republican Party in America, and Thatcher has a lot of theories and views that she shares with Reagan. In the UK, the New Right way of thinking still exists in the Conservative party, however with Labour in political power, we are witnessing left wing views instead. This involves the abolition of section 28, promoting homosexuality and schools, and providing extra benefits by working for single parent families. Overall, the evidence suggests that all of the above theories are invalid because they are so completely exaggerated. There is no middle path between Marxism and Functionalism. Radical feminists are abusing their power and instead of campaigning for women's rights they are looking to oppress men. The New Right theory is fascist in every sense and gives no thoughts to the anguish of deprivation. ...read more.

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