• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the nature of, and explanations for, gender inequalities in society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the nature of, and explanations for, gender inequalities in society. Gender inequality discusses how differences between males and females contribute to, or cause, social and cultural differences. Society has grown to have differences between men and women with greater emphasis of inequality on women. There is evidence to suggest that women generally tend not to work in skilled jobs in the construction and engineering sectors and few men working in secretarial positions (1996 Labour Force Survey) does this mean that men are more skilled than women. Early research and theorists assumed than inequalities were biologically determined and as a result this natural ability could not be changed. Female employment has tended to increase over the years and they form 44% of all wage earners, (A-level Sociology, 1995). Also, the passing of the legislation act in the 1990s ensured that an improvement, although not equality, in earnings for women. We, now, also tend to see women increasingly holding positions of importance (e.g. a female monarch and a recent female Prime Minister). Despite this women do tend to occupy the less well paid jobs with opportunities of a lesser degree to that of men, which is shown by the fact that few employers have amenities to facilitate female employees with young children. ...read more.

Middle

The bottom-line, so to say, in the education sectors argues that girls' formal achievement continues to improve. However, it does not explain why men continue to have greater earnings than women do, which is an important point to consider. It must, though, be taken into account that so-called 'woman problems' are given priority at schools and colleges, and not enough enough time or effort is given to realize 'male problems'. This leaves the males beleaguered. Also, males leaving schools have been greatly affected in terms of employment because the manufacturing industry is slowly becoming exhausted (where more males tend to work) and being replaced with service sector employment in retailing and/or care taking occupations. So in some ways it may be argued that women's roles in society may have been affected boys more than girls'. This, however, is too definite a statement to argue because there are many more points to consider. In some aspects boys are stereotyped by teachers, rather than girls, as 'trouble-makers' in classes. This often leads to discrimination of boys and evaluations by the teachers as problems with 'family backgrounds' or 'bad school records' etc. ...read more.

Conclusion

Other stereotypes such as the 'role of men is outside the house and women inside' together with other traditional viewpoints limit the occupational chances of women. And the fact that they do most housework despite working full-time are factors that contribute to the fact that families are not 'traditional' anymore, or to the fact that divorces in relationship are initiated by more women than men. This does not mean women are neglecting their children but the fact that men now see women as independent and more able to look after their children. And as Francis Fukuwama states (The End of Order, 1997) "the old obligation young men once felt for parenting is now replaced by a new freedom and irresponsibility. There is no deficit of mothers and motherhood; there is, however, a serious deficit of fathers and fatherhood". Why is this happening? Feminists want to resist any return to what they see as the repressive 1950s model, or to economic disincentives for women to work (John Williams, Sociology Review). They want more sharing of work, or home issues and duties. Other functionalists warn that 'female superiority', with reference to work in the home, means that men become almost irrelevant to the family thus changing their stance in society, which would in effect be a gender inequality with discrimination towards men. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Pakistani Women In a Changing Society.

    members and elders tend, to some degree, to restrain husbands from abandoning wives, daughters of their kinsmen. In Pakistan, unlike the West, the social life of most people functions within frameworks of extended kinship, and the values and norms of kinship obligations cannot be flouted without penalty, except by the

  2. Sociology - Womens and housework

    I found out that half of the male respondents were pleased with the domestic work that they did, 2 were happy and 3 were satisfied with they work that they did.

  1. The essay will interpret inequalities in health among the sub-populations of socio-economic class position, ...

    five year survival rates from lung cancer for men and women combined are highest in London at 6.1% and lowest in the North and Yorkshire and Trent at 4.4%, the average for England is 5.5%. In 2001 81% of women aged 50-64 in the Trent region took up the offer

  2. Gender Capital ? - Bourdieu and Gender Inequality

    of an individual agent; it declines and dies with its bearer' and further 'It always remains marked by its earliest conditions of acquisition which, through the more or less visible marks they leave, help to determine its distinctive value' (Bourdieu, 1986:245); a Yorkshire accent may be accredited less value than that of the Home Counties.

  1. Is female to male as nature is to culture?

    Cornwall and Lindisfarne (1994) make the same point, citing Gatens' (1983) statement that 'masculinity and femininity mean different things according to whether they are lived out in and experienced by male or female bodies'. Butch lesbians, for instance, are classed as 'masculine' but this version of masculinity is clearly distinct from masculinity as applied to men.

  2. Using your knowledge assess explanations of gender and ethnic inequalities in health chances, Write ...

    Haemophilia is quite common in European men, whilst Sickle Cell Anaemia is quite common in Afro-Caribbean's. However, we could argue that not all health illnesses are necessarily related to ethnicity, for instance, heart disease, bronchitis and strokes which all have a high incidence in the Asian community are linked to socio-economic factors not ethnicity.

  1. What Impact did the War Have on the Role of Women in British Society ...

    sympathetic to them and they were not successful due to the male dominance in society so they were a start but did not in fact directly cause the change. Therefore it seems much more likely that the change was triggered as a result of the respect the women earned doing war work as argued by C.

  2. Outline and comment on changing gender identities in contemporary U.K society.

    Also there is an inequality in not only lower paid wages, but they also have lower status jobs, sometimes this is because of family commitments. There is also a higher rate of sexual harassment for woman than men. This just highlights the inequalities that women suffer in the work place.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work