• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the nature of, and explanations for, gender inequalities in society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the nature of, and explanations for, gender inequalities in society. Gender inequality discusses how differences between males and females contribute to, or cause, social and cultural differences. Society has grown to have differences between men and women with greater emphasis of inequality on women. There is evidence to suggest that women generally tend not to work in skilled jobs in the construction and engineering sectors and few men working in secretarial positions (1996 Labour Force Survey) does this mean that men are more skilled than women. Early research and theorists assumed than inequalities were biologically determined and as a result this natural ability could not be changed. Female employment has tended to increase over the years and they form 44% of all wage earners, (A-level Sociology, 1995). Also, the passing of the legislation act in the 1990s ensured that an improvement, although not equality, in earnings for women. We, now, also tend to see women increasingly holding positions of importance (e.g. a female monarch and a recent female Prime Minister). Despite this women do tend to occupy the less well paid jobs with opportunities of a lesser degree to that of men, which is shown by the fact that few employers have amenities to facilitate female employees with young children. ...read more.

Middle

The bottom-line, so to say, in the education sectors argues that girls' formal achievement continues to improve. However, it does not explain why men continue to have greater earnings than women do, which is an important point to consider. It must, though, be taken into account that so-called 'woman problems' are given priority at schools and colleges, and not enough enough time or effort is given to realize 'male problems'. This leaves the males beleaguered. Also, males leaving schools have been greatly affected in terms of employment because the manufacturing industry is slowly becoming exhausted (where more males tend to work) and being replaced with service sector employment in retailing and/or care taking occupations. So in some ways it may be argued that women's roles in society may have been affected boys more than girls'. This, however, is too definite a statement to argue because there are many more points to consider. In some aspects boys are stereotyped by teachers, rather than girls, as 'trouble-makers' in classes. This often leads to discrimination of boys and evaluations by the teachers as problems with 'family backgrounds' or 'bad school records' etc. ...read more.

Conclusion

Other stereotypes such as the 'role of men is outside the house and women inside' together with other traditional viewpoints limit the occupational chances of women. And the fact that they do most housework despite working full-time are factors that contribute to the fact that families are not 'traditional' anymore, or to the fact that divorces in relationship are initiated by more women than men. This does not mean women are neglecting their children but the fact that men now see women as independent and more able to look after their children. And as Francis Fukuwama states (The End of Order, 1997) "the old obligation young men once felt for parenting is now replaced by a new freedom and irresponsibility. There is no deficit of mothers and motherhood; there is, however, a serious deficit of fathers and fatherhood". Why is this happening? Feminists want to resist any return to what they see as the repressive 1950s model, or to economic disincentives for women to work (John Williams, Sociology Review). They want more sharing of work, or home issues and duties. Other functionalists warn that 'female superiority', with reference to work in the home, means that men become almost irrelevant to the family thus changing their stance in society, which would in effect be a gender inequality with discrimination towards men. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Pakistani Women In a Changing Society.

    How common such situations are, would be difficult to quantify. Nor is the problem of dependence upon husbands absent in the case of women of the lower middle classes or the working class. However, in their case, as well as in the case of members of upper classes to a lesser degree, pressures from biraderi (lineage)

  2. Sociology - Womens and housework

    wife is not equal Aim 3: How woman feel about their domestic work? The result that I found out for this aim agrees with the theory of Anne Oakley who found out that women do most of the housework around the house it also agrees with the feminist's theory that

  1. The essay will interpret inequalities in health among the sub-populations of socio-economic class position, ...

    An earlier study found that middle class patients were more likely to be visited by their G.P. when in hospital. (Black et al., 1982: 71) Jones (1994: 175) claims that the middle class are more knowledgeable than the working

  2. Gender Capital ? - Bourdieu and Gender Inequality

    is guaranteed by '...the application of a common name and a whole set of instituting acts designed simultaneously to form and inform those who undergo them...' (Bourdieu, 1986:249). The amount of social capital that any individual person may be said to possess is dependant on the number of people that

  1. Is female to male as nature is to culture?

    Cornwall and Lindisfarne (1994) make the same point, citing Gatens' (1983) statement that 'masculinity and femininity mean different things according to whether they are lived out in and experienced by male or female bodies'. Butch lesbians, for instance, are classed as 'masculine' but this version of masculinity is clearly distinct from masculinity as applied to men.

  2. Using your knowledge assess explanations of gender and ethnic inequalities in health chances, Write ...

    Haemophilia is quite common in European men, whilst Sickle Cell Anaemia is quite common in Afro-Caribbean's. However, we could argue that not all health illnesses are necessarily related to ethnicity, for instance, heart disease, bronchitis and strokes which all have a high incidence in the Asian community are linked to socio-economic factors not ethnicity.

  1. The Deviant Nature of Obesity.

    Also, it has been noted in a study done by Hammarlund et al, that poor family functioning and parental control are risk factors contributing to childhood obesity. Adult obesity is often rooted in childhood obesity making it harder to lose weight later in life (Wardlaw 324).

  2. The hypothesis that I am trying to explain is gender roles in our society ...

    Childs games are also extremely gender orientated. Although fathers in particular react angrily to 'gender - inappropriate' behaviour, (i.e. Boys playing with dolls). This is stated in (bibliography no.1) on page 91 in the section titled children's games. It states in this section "children's games frequently involve practising adult gender roles".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work