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Discuss with special reference to culture, how Mark Tully and Amrita Pritam portray the curse of barrenness in 'A Stench of Kerosene', and 'The Barren Women of Balramgaon'.

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Discuss with special reference to culture, how Mark Tully and Amrita Pritam portray the curse of barrenness in 'A Stench of Kerosene', and 'The Barren Women of Balramgaon'. India is known by all, for its rich culture, flavored with its own unique customs and traditions. Both Mark Tully and Amrita Pritam give graphic details presenting the flavors of the Indian scene. We see how important social life is in India, where the communities in the village all come together for the cultural festival of Holi. The setting is vibrant and full of life in Balramgaon, the village is dowsed in color, making everyone takes part in Holi, except the cows and buffalos; Holi is the season for song and dance, contrast and color and festivity and fertility. Even in Chamba, a harvest festival was being celebrated. A historically agrarian society that celebrates its productive land with such vigor demands that its women exhibit the same level of fertility. Marriage and child bearing are a fundamental part of this culture, as communal life is given a lot of importance and the strength of a community lies in its people. ...read more.


The village Pradhan settled the dispute between ram Lakhan and Hoshiar Singh, by making Hoshiar Singh apologize in public for his misbehavior. In the village community, everyone knows everyone's problems. Since everything is made public, the people in the village think twice before doing anything, as they may face dire consequences from their community members. Ram Lakhan was offered an apology in public, and that was enough to replace his honor. The Community is always there to back up any individual community member in times of need. But the Community can also be harmful. The Community has set ideas for what is socially acceptable and normal. If you don't fit into your community, you feel a loss of identity. This can, and has harmed many individuals, who don't feel accepted. They are driven to sin, in their need to be accepted. The lack of a child in Rani and Ram Lakhan's life concerned not only him, but also the entire community. When the Pradhan was settling the dispute between Ram Lakhan and Hoshiar Singh he sided Ram Lakhan on the basis of the fact that 'No man should tolerate insults to his wife whether she is barren or not.' ...read more.


The terms used, all portray nature imagery. Perhaps because India is a country obsessed with its land, and proud of its beautiful land, where mother earth is sacred. India is said to be " The land of dreams and romance, of fabulous wealth and fabulous poverty, of splendor and rags, of palaces and hovels, of famine and pestilence, of genii and giants and Aladdin lamps, of tigers and elephants, the cobra and the jungle, the country of a hundred nations and a hundred tongues, of a thousand religions and two million gods, cradle of the human race, birthplace of human speech, mother of history, grandmother of legend, great-grandmother of tradition, whose yesterdays bear date with the moldering antiquities of the rest of the nations - the one sole country under the sun that is endowed with an imperishable interest for alien persons, for lettered and ignorant, wise and fool, rich and poor, bond and free, the one land that all men desire to see, and having seen once, by even a glimpse, would not give that glimpse for all the shows of all the rest of the globe combined."1 Sadaf Vahedna Page 1 5/7/2007 ...read more.

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