• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22
  23. 23
  24. 24
  25. 25
  26. 26
  27. 27
  28. 28
  29. 29
  30. 30
  31. 31
  32. 32
  33. 33
  34. 34
  35. 35
  36. 36
  37. 37

Environmental Lessons From History.

Extracts from this document...


ENVIRONMENTAL LESSONS FROM HISTORY. This report was compiled by: * Peter Chandler. * Chris Nisbet. * Alex Raffan. Environmental Protection and Management, Year 1. Table of contents. Page no. 1. Introduction. 3 2. Literature Reviews. 2-1. Rapa Nui. 4-9 2-3. Scotland. 10-20 2-2. The Mayan civilisation. 21-29 3. Survey. 3-1 Methodology. 31 3-2 Results. 31-33 4. Discussion on survey. 33-34 5. Conclusion. 34-35 6. References. 36-37 7. Reflection. a) C.Nisbet. 38 Introduction. The environment in which we live today has been subject to mans influences ever since he evolved. The question is have any lessons been learned during this journey through the ages. The examples discussed here show how populations from different areas have been affected detrimentally both with and without outside influence. All have been subjected to varying degrees of human tragedy and shows clearly how man has been unable to alter the roller coaster ride of progress so as to benefit him. Hopefully in this modern world people will start to understand the ethos of some of the more environmentally aware nations and follow their lead. If not, one day the point of no return will be reached and history will record that the people of the 21st century failed to prepare its populations for future sustainability. The choice of the topic 'Environmental lessons from history' was an attempt to study as broad banded a subject as possible with the hope of finding a general link between the facts uncovered. I t was further decided that the selection of individual topics to research should be as unfamiliar as possible to us to avoid preconceived conclusions. This took each author on a voyage of discovery to seemingly unconnected geographical areas and their historical backgrounds. Intermediate communication between the group members led to a network of ideas and general conclusions being formed. It was soon apparent that the particular subjects that we had chosen to study had strong links with each other and moreover parallels with current day affairs of the world. ...read more.


As MacDonald (1990) writes the threat of 'Cuiridh mi as an fhearann thu', 'I shall evict you' was constantly with the Gaels throughout this period. Sutherland was not the only area subjected to 'aggressive' Clearances. Stories emanate from all over the Highlands many of them still held in folklore today. Even the Isles did not escape. MacDonald (1990) gives an example of what the conditions were like on the Isle of Lewis in a letter by a Mr Craig writing to a Mr Stewart MacKenzie in 1828: 'Until I saw the actual conditions of the new lottars in the Aird of Tong, I had no idea of the great hardship and privation that the poor people endure that are forced into new allotments, without matters previously being arranged for their moving. Their conditions are worse than anything that I saw in Donegal, where I always considered that human wretchedness to have reached its very acme'. Why the Highland people didn't rise up is probably due to a number of reasons. They are as described by Johnstone (1998) firstly that the Highlanders were forbidden to own weapons and they also remembered the cruelty of the soldiers after the '45. Secondly for a deeply religious people the Church failed to support them. Most of the ministers were appointed by the landowners so they did and said as the landowners wanted. A result of this was the appearance of the 'Free Church of Scotland'. Thirdly many of the men and chiefs from the clans had either been killed or were fighting with the regiments in France. Major-General James Wolfe wrote of the Highlander as a fighting man: 'They are a hardy, intrepid, accustomed to rough country and no great mischief if they fall. How can you better employ a secret enemy than by making his end more conducive to the common good'? From Wolfe's letter to his friend, William Rickson' in Johnstone (1998). Eventually cheap wool imports in the 1850's caused landowners to set up sporting estates. ...read more.


In the Scottish Highlands the indigenous crofters raison d'�tre had been altered dramatically to serve a purpose in no way conducive to their own well being. Their long-term future had been taken out of their hands and the will to carry on as before seemed meaningless. There is no doubt that the clearances would have taken place at some stage in history, as the same process was happening in mainland Europe at the time. But the speed at which they occurred was a testament to man's need to accumulate profit by whatever means. Progress, money and profit unfortunately still remain foremost in human society to this day. The St.Kildans were eventually removed from the Islands by man's need to help others less fortunate than themselves and the strong organising principle called development. Religion also played an important part in what can only be described as a plot of true tragedy. Similarly the Mayans had followed a course which appeared detrimental to the benefit of their society for further generations. Slash and burn techniques without planning for regeneration of the land had taken its toll. People had come to the realisation that the bloodletting indoctrination by their priests and leaders was not working and again a general apathy had set in. In the case of the Easter Islanders the isolation of their location had given them an unrealistic sense of what to do for the best. When at last they discovered their mistakes it was too late, but without any alternatives they descended into a state of complete lethargy. In fact theirs was possibly the most complete environmental disaster in the history of mans activities so far. All the populations followed directions, which didn't work. Once a general malaise had set in, an ever-downward spiralling corkscrew effect ensued. What were unquestioned traits and customs before suddenly became doomed ways of life. A parallel between these ancient practices and how many members of society regard the advancement of the industrial revolution, nowadays, appears clearer. It will always remain important to draw on the lessons learnt from history and realise the implications for the modern world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Approaches to History: Sociology and History

    'Sociology' seems to have arrived in the wake of these two events. The term 'sociology was coined by a man named Auguste De Comte. He is conventionally understood to be the first 'proper' sociologist. Along with his countryman Henri Saint-Simon they set about devising a 'science of society'.

  2. The lasting effect of the New deal, Progressive Era, and the Great Society has ...

    The federal Trade Commission Act was passed, as well as standards were put on meat inspections and many buildings and factories were held to inspection codes. A lot came out of the Progressive Era that made the American Society meet a standard and it laid the foundation for what we have become today.

  1. Discuss the significance of both defensive and fortress architecture and the privatisation of public ...

    This dismissal of the immigrant minorities from the new centre was inclusive of employment opportunities, as the wealth of jobs provided by the new development required highly skilled and educated workers (Boger et al, 1996, p74). Following the redevelopment of 'downtown', members of the middle classes began to re-inhabit inner city areas.

  2. Why, according to Lee Kuan Yew, are Western democratic systems unsuited to East Asia?

    It is my business to tell people not to foist their system indiscrimately on societies in which it will not work (Zakiria quoting Lee, 1994, p.110). This can be seen as a statement recognising the particularity of political systems depending on the society / culture in question.

  1. Analyze how Far From Heaven employ mechanisms of cinematic identification.

    But the differences associated with race in a combined biological and cultural sense are unique to the modern period of the west (Zack, N, 1998: 11). The ideas of race have been divided into four main components namely, the biological differences among groups, cultural differences, unequal distributions of political and

  2. Enough is never enough.

    In my opinion, it depends on the person who's looking at it and the type of want. I guess the citizen or person for example, asking for less tuition fees, of course will see it as a good thing and sees it as a need to lower the costs which

  1. Southend developed as both a middle class resort and a day trippers paradise. Does ...

    By 1910 seventeen trains visited Southend every day. The railway tells us a lot about Southend, it shows the massive increase in the amount of people travelling to Southend. The railway was obviously a popular means of transport as the amount of tracks grew, which is demonstrated in the maps below.

  2. Money and Power still remains with Caucasians

    think of what to do with it, children in third world countries are thinking how they will get there next meal. In The United Kingdom many studies have been carried out into this topic as well as the census, which takes place every ten years.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work