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"Ethics in Research"

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Introduction

TOK Essay September 6, 2005 "Ethics in Research" Research is one of the most successful means of obtaining a wide variety of information concerning limited or broad topics. However, abundant as this information may be, it is important to maintain an ethical outlook to all research topics. As research and its subsequent experimentations advance in light of new generations, the idea of ethics becomes a more prominent issue. Researchers must be aware of the conflicts that their research may bring about. They must know how to address their findings in a moral way appealing to the pro and cons. Researchers can not simply accumulate data. Coupled with data is the process of analysis, where researchers manipulate their findings into the dominion of the present society and morals. Areas such as biomedical and social-scientific research contain some of the most ethically challenging advances. Biomedical research offers society some of the most technologically advanced resources ranging from treatments of diseases to gene manipulated food. ...read more.

Middle

Stems cells have two important characteristics that differentiate them from other types of cells. One is that they are unspecialized cells that rejuvenate themselves through cell division. The other is that, under certain conditions, they can be induced to become certain specialized cells (Institute on Health). For certain people this is life saving news. Now that cells can be specialized under these unspecialized stem cells, a patient can receive new heart cells for a diseased heart or many other life threatening diseases (Institute on Health). This information can be used in a variety of useful ways, but is it morally right to create embryos only to destroy them? Are these potential humans that could help them world in some other way? This is the perspective of many people fighting against stem-cell research. These activists claim that stem-cell research plays against the will of God. Moreover, if stem cell research is legalized world-wide, who is to say that people will use it only to benefit the curing of disease? ...read more.

Conclusion

In this case, researchers on the validity of using genetic information for insurers, employers, etc., would need to state the pros and con of the situation. They would also need to address the issue in relation to social status and race, as the problem might affect a certain group of people more than the other. Researchers must include data, including trends and statistics, along with analysis as to how it may affect the society. Clearly ethics in research is necessary for any researcher to be taken seriously by his or her reader. It is evident that data and analysis must be worked in together to give research the application and understanding necessary to the reader. Biomedical and social-science research offers some of the most advanced applications to society and its people. Therefore research on these topics must address ethics and morals in a way that reflects the current society. It is apparent that as society grows; research becomes more advanced, introducing new ideas and methods that require moral debate. ...read more.

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