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Eugenics - good breeding.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Gregory J.D. Light Dr. Robert Kennedy Catholic Studies 341:10 28.11.2003 Eugenics Eugenics is a term coined by Francis Galton - the first cousin of famed scientist Charles Darwin. Galton proposed that by breeding genetically 'good' humans, we could achieve a somewhat perfection within human society. The term itself literally means 'good breeding' while the main objective of eugenics is to encourage the ablest and healthiest people to have more children and/or discourage the 'unfit' from reproducing . Many falsely think that because of a genetic defect or an unequal stance within society, some people are not worthy of living life to its full potential like the 'normals' of society. The idea of eugenics alone is faulty and contrary to human existence. It not only contradicts the morals of humanity, but it stands against the teachings of the Catholic Church. The whole science behind eugenics is to improve on the human race by shutting out some and accepting others and this is detrimental to humanity and therefore to society. The practice of eugenics is ancient - man has always attempted to improve on his race - yet it wasn't clearly defined until the late 19th century when Francis Galton coined both the word and the definition. His studies were directed towards the concept that if the individuals within society who were genetically superior or in some way outstanding ...read more.

Middle

Her ideologies grew and became popularized within American society, yet elsewhere in the world eugenics was gaining a huge supporter as well. The eugenics movement gained a massive audience with the rise of Hitler and the Nazi regime. Hitler aimed to create a master race with eugenics as his main tool of action. He encouraged the Aryans to reproduce while discouraging the Jewish and the Slavic peoples from reproducing given that they were inferior races of peoples in his eyes. His action in doing so gained praise for the effectiveness of the Germans by Sanger's monthly Birth Control Review in an article by H.J. Muller in which the magazine "favours Hitlerism" (Muller). Hitler outlawed aborting Aryan babies while encouraging the abortion of Slavic and Jewish babies. He used eugenics against what were viewed as genetic defects, to include those who were deaf, blind, mute, disabled, or homosexual. Ultimately though, it became an attempt to systematically eliminate the Jewish race in a bid to maintain racial purity among the Aryans. When Hitler fell, people seemed the think that the movement fell with him, but the eugenics ideology thrived following the decent and eventual downfall of the Reichstag. Around the same time that Hitler and Margaret Sanger were pushing their views regarding eugenics in Germany and the US respectively, there was a similar movement occurring within this country. ...read more.

Conclusion

Eugenicists also define the individual however they see fit and thus the importance of a person is trivialized. The definition of an individual can be changed by humanity, but morality is intrinsic and therefore just because humans label blacks, or women, or unborn babies as not being human, does not mean they aren't. Contrary to this, the Church regards the individual as the essential part of society. The underlying fact behind the entire eugenics issue is that people are unique and we should embrace our individuality. Physical qualities differ from person to person and simply because one may be missing a finger or may have a mental deficiency, does not mean that he is any less of a human being than you or I. We will never be perfect in this world, and until the day comes when we finally do become perfect, we should love who we are, and who others are as individuals within our worldly society. With the idea of weeding out the unfit from society, comes such evils as have been mentioned; and hatred, being the root of all this ideology, is the downfall of man. Despite the lack of use of the term "eugenics" it is very much still a part of our society, a culture of death as dubbed by our Holy Father, Pope John Paul II in Evangelium Vitae. ...read more.

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