• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how the hidden curriculum and processes within schools help to produce inequalities between children of different social classes.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how the hidden curriculum and processes within schools help to produce inequalities between children of different social classes. Through many different researches, it has been shown that working class students are underachieving compared to that of their middle class peers. Middle class pupils are obtaining better grades, and more of them are staying on in education past the compulsory age. The difference that is noticeable is that they are from different social class backgrounds, and therefore they are socialised differently. In order to find out more about this, we need to discuss the reasons for differences between the ways in which the different social classes are taught in schools. The hidden curriculum could be defined as the values that are taught through the attitudes and ideas of the teachers and other students. Often, teachers have a subconscious concept about children from different social backgrounds. This can affect the ways in which the pupils are taught, and their thoughts and motivations about schooling. ...read more.

Middle

Teachers are more likely to have a better attitude to parents of middle class than working class, and this may be putting the parents off visiting the school and paying attention to their child's education. Many schools have a system where classes are divided into different ability groups. This is known as 'streaming.' Peter Woods is a sociologist, whose research found that, in general, middle class students were placed in higher ability groups, and working class students were in lower groups. Most teachers admitted to having a preference of teaching the higher sets, because the students were better behaved. When educating the lower groups, the teacher often spent more time controlling behaviour, rather than teaching. The lower groups often had an anti-school subculture, in which breaking school rules was regarded as 'cool' by some students. Due to this anti-school subculture and poor behaviour of the lower ability students, the teachers often expected less from them. This led to the students being deprived of higher knowledge and skills that would help them to achieve better grades. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also, middle class jobs have regular training sessions, where new skills are frequently taught. On the other hand, working class jobs have no promotions or advancements. Working class children are brought up to be aware of this difference. This leads to them aspiring for different things. They will look for immediate gratification after compulsory education, as they feel that there is no need to stay on. There is no point in staying on if the jobs they will acquire don't involve any upgrades. There are many reasons for the difference in educational attainment between middle class and working class students. The hidden curriculum and other processes within schools do contribute to this. In particular, teachers' attitudes and the system of streaming are probably the main school points that significantly make a difference in social class education. However, it is unfair to just limit the reasons to school factors. To make a reasonable conclusion, other factors need to be considered. Some examples are home and living conditions, and the cultures that the student is brought up with. These other aspects also play a part in the difference between the two social classes, and their education. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Sociology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Sociology essays

  1. Explain How the Hidden Curriculum and Processes Within Schools Help to Produce Inequalities Between ...

    Middle class parents encouraged their children to work hard and stay on at Post-16. They taught their children things from a very young age, and this included reading and speaking, as well as childhood games and table manners. However, it is suggested that there are reasons why working class parents seem less interested in their children's education.

  2. Assess the sociological explanations of the ways the hidden curriculum affects pupils? The ...

    They don't believe that the hidden curriculum promotes class inequality. Lyotard claims that class divisions are less important and instead new social divisions based on gender, ethnicity, and sexuality have become more important. Today has a more diverse and fragmented society.

  1. The essay will begin by looking at what normality and social construction is and ...

    He says there are 211,307 children in schools with special needs. He explains that a child needs to be statemented for an education authority to be legally required to provide provisions but even then some are avoiding doing so at some quite extraordinary lengths.

  2. Gender difference

    Subject Gender Number Sat % of total sat Percentages of grade A* A B C D E F G U English Male 36200 12.7 2.7 8.9 17.0 26.1 21.7 12.6 6.4 2.8 1.8 Female 359755 12.4 5.0 13.8 21.8 27.9 18.2 7.9 3.0 1.3 1.0 Maths Male 371875 13.1 4.2

  1. Determining the Elite within Politics and the Judiciary.

    Women and ethnic minorities have made little (if any) impact on the upper reaches of the judiciary. Recent figures show that 95 per cent of senior judges are men and 100 per cent are white (Budge et al 2001 p491).

  2. Gender Disparity and the ways in which it underpins major social and economic inequalities ...

    "A significant proportion of women do not receive their due share of inheritance."3 In order to really understand the economic and social implications that this brings about one must see "the links between gender subordination and property and the need to be sought in not only the distribution of property

  1. The Hidden Curriculum; Hegemony and Capitalism.

    level of a mini society, making students accustomed to the regulations, social values and norms of the broader society. As it is stated by the Oxford Dictionary of Sociology, the hidden curriculum, "refers to the way in which cultural values and attitudes (such as obedience to authority, punctuality, and delayed gratification)

  2. Working More Creatively With Groups.

    This is when a few people in the group realised the role that Pat played in our group. From the work the class did on scripts and roles it was evident that Pat was an excellent gatekeeper. He knew when to let people talk and when to let others speak and he never let things get out of hand.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work