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Explore conflicting accounts of Jewish Identity in

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Introduction

Explore conflicting accounts of Jewish Identity in "The Mandlebaum Gate". The Mandlebaum Gate is a novel by Muriel Spark set in the territories of Jerusalem and Jordan during the Eichmann Trials. Within the novel there is a character "Barbara Vaughan" who is a Gentile Jewess. She travels within Israel and Jordan on a pilgrimage to see the holy shrines and has various adventures and encounters during her trip. It is clear from the first few pages of the novel that Jewish identity is a key theme and continues to be as such throughout. The first chapter "Freddy's Walk" immediately helps to set the scene as we see him travelling through the "amazing alleys of the Orthodox Quarter of Israel's Jerusalem"[1][1] During this chapter Freddy collides with a small boy whose mother immediately reacts by scolding the child, "evidently trying to impress upon him the undesirable nature of Freddy". Freddy believes that the mother reacts in this way because she presumes him to be "a modern Jew, one of the regular Israelis of whom this sect disapproved perhaps more heavily than they did of the honest unclean foreigner"[2][2] Freddy goes on to consider "Why couldn't people be moderate?"[3][3] in the way they behave towards one another and accept differences rather than persecuting against them. This immediately illustrates the attitudes that a Jew could encounter at this stage in Israel due to lack of public acceptance and conflict within the territory. A little later in this chapter Freddy meets with Barbara Vaughan and they discuss the beliefs of Jews, Freddy states "Most of the Jews here are unbelievers as far as I can ...read more.

Middle

to dry meat plates as well as milk plates, this is met with shock from her older Aunt Sadie, who corrects her immediately, but her cousin Michael humours her mistake saying "Vot you expect? She is neither Yeed nor Goy ees mein cousin Barbara". Barbara summarises her family's feelings about her by stating "My Gentile relations tried too hard to forget I was half-Jew. My Jewish relations couldn't forget I was half-Gentile"[23][23]. This declaration suggests that Barbara is an outcast amongst her family due to the fact that neither her Jewish nor her Gentile family would accept her for what she was and constantly tried to deny aspects of her being. Instead of being distraught by this Barbara adds that she "didn't let them forget either way"[24][24] about her lineage as she was determined not to lose her roots and she was acutely aware that "There's the human soul, the individual. Not `Jew, Gentile' as one might say `autumn, winter'. Something unique and unrepeatable"[25][25]. Barbara has her own interpretations of her identity, which are often based on others perceptions of her; however she also has a private identity which she keeps to herself. She associates this identity with her sexuality, which she keeps hidden from view as many people perceive her as a prim spinster due to the way she dresses herself and the fact that she has restrained the expression of her feelings for many years. When looking in at her reflection she finds that "The figure in the looking-glass fascinated her"[26][26] due to the fact that it does not represent her at all, she isn't the woman that her image suggests and she dislocates herself from the figure. ...read more.

Conclusion

Pg39 [64][27] Muriel Spark, "Barbara Vaughan's Identity", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg39 [65][28] Muriel Spark, "Barbara Vaughan's Identity", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg43 [66][29] Muriel Spark, "Barbara Vaughan's Identity", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg43 [67][30] Muriel Spark, "Barbara Vaughan's Identity", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg38 [68][31] Muriel Spark, "Barbara Vaughan's Identity", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg49 [69][32] Muriel Spark, "A Delightful English Atmosphere", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg68 [70][33] Muriel Spark, "A Delightful English Atmosphere", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg68 [71][34] Muriel Spark, "Abdul's Orange Groves", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg101 [72][35] Muriel Spark, "Abdul's Orange Groves", "The Mandlebaum Gate" (Penguin 1967) Pg101 [73][36] Bryan Cheyette, "Muriel Spark, Writers & Their Work", "Transfigurations" (Northcote House 2000) Pg66 [74][37] Judith Butler, "The Norton Anthology, Theory and Criticism" "Gender Trouble" (Norton 2001) Pg2485 References 1. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn1 2. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn2 3. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn3 4. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn4 5. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn5 6. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn6 7. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn7 8. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn8 9. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn9 10. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn10 11. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn11 12. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn12 13. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn13 14. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn14 15. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn15 16. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn16 17. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn17 18. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn18 19. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn19 20. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn20 21. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn21 22. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn22 23. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn23 24. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn24 25. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn25 26. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn26 27. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn27 28. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn28 29. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn29 30. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn30 31. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn31 32. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn32 33. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn33 34. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn34 35. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn35 36. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn36 37. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftn37 38. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref1 39. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref2 40. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref3 41. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref4 42. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref5 43. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref6 44. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref7 45. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref8 46. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref9 47. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref10 48. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref11 49. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref12 50. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref13 51. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref14 52. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref15 53. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref16 54. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref17 55. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref18 56. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref19 57. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref20 58. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref21 59. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref22 60. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref23 61. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref24 62. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref25 63. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref26 64. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref27 65. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref28 66. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref29 67. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref30 68. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref31 69. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref32 70. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref33 71. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref34 72. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref35 73. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref36 74. file://localhost/var/home/acumen/svn/trunk/engine/docs/working/110005/110005.html#_ftnref37 ...read more.

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